Popular in People and Environment (I)
Popular in Social Work
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Torres on Monday December 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 310 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Lucero Radonic in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see People and Environment (I) in Social Work at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 12/07/15
Water supply and demand Overview 0 Over 12 billion people lack Access to safe water 0 25 billion People lack access to sanitation services And 5 million people die from water born disease Things as simple as diarrhea By 2025 25 bullion people will suffer from shortage Hydraulic State Complete water resource development control The state controls the water Public is another way to talk about the state therefore water is a public good rather than a tradable good 0 When the gov controls the water they hold it in order to suppli the citiens It belongs to every individual Water provision is a service of the state rather than business It is not meant to create pro t The government should provide enough water for people not go thirsty or unhealthy WB amp IMF They give money to countries to control water National banks 0 These companies pushed dams in the past Even though this is not real anymore they want to privatize water They want to make pro t with the water Privatize resources like the case of gold and oil Article Water Wars in Bolivia 0 Aguas del Tunari Got the right on the water Private Corporation Said they were going to expand the system Many people in Bolivia there was a lot of areas with not public infrastructure for water The company offered to expand the system 0 Water worked as commons People used their own rules over water 0 Then using the water as commons become illegal becomes property of quotAguas Tanuriquot o The coordination of land and water quotLa cordinadoraquot Question to consider 1 Who 2 VVhat Their objective was to cancel the privatization of water 3 How Protesting Originates as anon violent protest and then it became violent They started taking the street but people was prosecuted Finally they won and a new law put in Bolivia Government needed to respect the commons Question How is la cordinadora a social movement Marketization of water Commodi cation of water A good becomes a commodity Structural adjustments Withdraw of the state opening of market privatization of utilities Privatization Shift of the control and ownership form the public to the private There are different forms of privation 1 Private public partnerships Private companies manage responsibility for water supply infrastructure on behalf its public owner They decide where they will put the infrastructure but the ownership remains with the state Most common tipe of privatization o Commercialization Introduction of markets to allocate water This is a business they want to make pro t Two ends of the spectrum in terms of marketization a Public noncommercialized b Private commercialized There are many arrangements in between a and b With the idea of privatization the service of water stops being a service of the government and becomes a business DISCUSSION PART ONE First perspective Water is a public good because it is a right Users and seeing as a collective of citizens Governments should serve the people depending of the ability to pay People who have more money should pau more for water Their goal is to have social equity Second perspective Water equals economy A good like water is a commodity Users are individual consumers Water is not a right for people We need to create a pro t making system and they need to charge people depending on their willingness to pay Water is vital therefore they will charge them If water is a business and not a service there is economic ef ciency Commodity vs Community perspective Community perspectives of water Values that cannot be expressed in economic terms Environmental values CuIturaI vaIes Spiritual vaIues Water as a public good does nor equal free for everyone compare to the tragedy of the commons and tragedy of commodi cation