SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER 11
SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER 11 Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
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Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christina Smith on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology at Georgia State University taught by Professor Banton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Sociology in Social Sciences at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 04/01/16
CHAPTER 11 OF SOCIOLOGY CHRISTINA SMITH Families Relationships in which people live together with commitment, form an economic unit and care for any young, and consider their identity to be significantly attached to the group. Kinship A social network of people based on common ancestry marriage or adoption. Family of Orientation The family into which a person is born and in which early socialization usually takes place. Family of Procreation The family that a person forms by having or adopting children. Extended family Family unit composed of relatives in addition to parents and children live in the same household. Nuclear Family Composed of one or two parents and their independent dependent children, all of who live apart from other relatives. Marriage A legally recognized and socially approved arrangement between two or more individuals that carry certain right and obligations and usually involve sexual activity. Monogamy A marriage between two partners, usually a woman and a man. Polygamy The person of one sex with two or more members of the opposite sex. Polygyny The concurrent marriage of one man with two more women. Polyandry The concurrent marriage of one woman with two or more men. Patriarchal family A family structure in which the eldest male holds authority. Matriarchal family A family structure in which the eldest female holds authority. Equalitarian Family: A family structure in which both partners share power and authority equally. Patrilineal Descent: A system of tracing descent through the father’s side of the family. Matrilineal Descent: A system of tracing descent through the mother’s side of the family. Patrilocal Residence The custom of a married couple living in the same household as the husband’s parents. Matrilocal Residence The custom of a married couple living in the same household as the wife’s parents. Neolocal Residence Married couple living in their own residence apart from both the husband and the wife’s parents. Endogamy The practice of marrying within one's own group. Exogamy The practice of marrying outside one’s group. Sociology of Family The subdiscipline of sociology that attempt to describe patterns of family life and variations in family structure. Cohabitation A situation which two people live together, and think of themselves as a couple, without legally being married. Domestic partnerships Household partnership in which an unmarried couple lives together in a committed, sexually intimate relationship and is granted some of the same rights and benefits as those accorded to married heterosexual couples. Homogamy The pattern of individuals marrying those who have similar characteristics, such as race, ethnicity, religious background, age, education or social class. Dual-Earner Marriages Marriages in which both spouses are in the labor force. Second Shift Term for the domestic work that employed woman perform at home after they complete their workday on the job. Blended Family Family consisting of children from previous marriages and children from the new marriage.