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Sensory/ Psychological Development

by: Carson Lopez

Sensory/ Psychological Development PSY 100

Marketplace > Psychlogy > PSY 100 > Sensory Psychological Development
Carson Lopez


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About this Document

including types of parenting styles
General Psychology
Dr. Jisook Park
Class Notes
week of notes, gen psych
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carson Lopez on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 100 at a university taught by Dr. Jisook Park in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 04/01/16
3/31 Nature vs Nurture/Developmental Reminder: Critical Essay due in mid-April *Feral children: child raised in unusual circumstances Morality Development (Kolberg’s Moral Reasoning steps): Why do I make the decisions I make? Example: Your wife/husband is dying of a rare cancer that only one doctor has the cure to. The doctor will only give it to you for a high price but you cannot afford it. The doctor will not help you unless you pay. Should you sneak into the doctor’s house and steal the cure? [Preconventional] 1.) Punishment – “No because I may get arrested” 2.) Naïve reward – “Yes because then I’ll get to be with my spouse” [Conventional] 3.) Perceived to others – “Others will understand if I do” 4.) Social order – “If I can steal this it makes it okay to steal other things, so no” [Post-Conventional] 5.) Social contract – “Everyone should have the right to in a life-or-death situation” 6.) Individual conscience – “Moral law trumps civil law” Psychological Development *Erikson’s Theory Each stage has a crisis: 4 Childhood Stages 1.) Trust vs Mistrust (ages 0-1) a. Level of trust in caregiver and own ability to cope with challenges 2.) Autonomy vs Doubt (1-3) a. Making appropriate choices and having confidence in skills 3.) Initiative vs Guilt (3-6) a. Setting and attaining goals 4.) Industry vs Inferiority (6-puberty) a. Learning the rules and customs of culture Beyond Childhood 5.) Identity vs Confusion (adolescence) a. Developing a coherent identity 6.) Intimacy vs Isolation (early adulthood) a. Forming close, intimate relationship bonds 7.) Generativity vs Self-Absorption (middle adulthood) a. Considering the legacy left behind 8.) Integrity vs Despair (later adulthood) a. Reflecting back on life Parenting Styles: Authoritative – high responsiveness, high demand (fairest) Authoritarian – low responsiveness, high demand (cold, controlling) Permissive – high responsiveness, low demand (enabling, lack self-control) Rejecting –low responsiveness, low demand (neglectful) Sensory Development *Vision (infants – 20/660) - visual acuity/accommodation still developing - can see at 20 feet what we see at 660 feet *Hearing (develops faster than vision) -can tell which voice is mother’s before which face is hers *Taste, smell, touch -can discriminate between sweet, sour, bitter & umami tastes (saltiness comes after 4 months) *Motor Development -Rooting, sucking, Babinkski, grapsing, moro, swimming -Development is “spurty,” not smooth *Cognitive Development -Piaget’s theory Learning by assimilation and accommodation Assimilation : interpret new experience in terms of existing mental structure Accommodation: Change existing structures to explain new experiences 1.) Sensorimotor period (0-2 years) a. Developing symbolic thought & object permanence 2.) Preoperational (2-7 years) a. Problems with conservation due to: i. Cannot see other viewpoints (“egocentrism”) ii. Lack of understanding irreversibility


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