Interest Groups POLS 1101
Popular in Political Science or American Government
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Reshetova on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Jeffrey L Lazarus (P) in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Political Science or American Government in Political Science at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 12/08/15
Interest Groups Interest Group 1 2 9 99 ng A group that is determined to prevent or encourage changes in public policy without trying to be elected Share a want to affect government policy to benefit themselves or their causes Other names include advocacy group lobbying group special interest group pressure group faction or organized interest 1St Amendment protects interest groups Similar to political parties Represent people give people voice however not every voice is heard equally Vary greatly in aims size and tactics Contains likeminded people Can be divided into two groups economic and noneconomic Economic Groups 1 9959 seek some sort of economic advantage for their members the most common type of interest group powerful and numerous wellfunded work to win private goods benefits only members of the group will like Four main types of economic groups business groups labor groups agricultural groups and professional associations Business Groups 1 Also most common type of interest group 2 More than half of registered lobbyists work for these groups 3 Some business lobbyists work for a single corporation 4 Create associations with companies from the same industry to advocate all of their interests seek tax cuts regulatory changes and other probusiness benefits 5 Well funded usually 6 Tend to be very in uential Labor Groups 1 Represent unions 2 Deal with employees 3 Mobilize voters 4 Donate Money Agricultural Groups 1 Represent interest of farmers 2 The Grange Movement 3 Farm Bureauwork with large agribusinesses 4 Farmers Uniondo more to protect family farms Professional Associations 1 Make ground rules for the profession 2 Regulate practices 3 Promote standards of conduct 4 Lobby the government on issues related to their profession Noneconomic Groups 1 Citizens Groupanother name 2 Interest groups that fight for causes instead of working for material gain 3 Try to locate public goods collective goods these benefit everyone in society 4 Offer their members selective incentives purposive solidarity informational not material incentives 5 Four main types of noneconomic groups public interest groups singleissue groups ideological groups and government groups Public Interest Groups 1 Say they work for the good of the whole society not just one part of it 2 Possess different ideas as to how to improve society 3 Address a number of related issues 4 Example Greenpeace SingleInterest Groups 1 Work on one issue 2 Strongly driven members passionate to the cause 3 The number of these groups has increased 4 Example National Ri e Association Ideological Groups 1 Contain much broader aims rooted in a strongly held philosophy 2 Frequently work to change cultural norms values and stereotypes 3 Conservative Ideological Groups the Christian Coalition and the Traditional Values Coalition 4 Liberal ideological groups the NOW and the National Organization for the Advancement of Colored People Government Groups 1 Represent interests of other governments Interest Groups Represent 1 Single Issue 2 Demographic Group 3 Corporations 4 Career Incentives S Broad Ideology The Federalist 10 James Madison a wellconstructed union would break and control the violence of faction Factionsnaturally pulled away from the common good Faction a number of citizens majority or minority who are united by some common cause 2 ways to get rid of factions l everyone agrees provide everyone with the same interests opinions and passions 2 take away people s rights in government destroy the liberty crucial to their existence Lobbyist professional government in uencer someone hired by a business or a cause to persuade legislators to support that business or cause Ex Former members of Congress Key to LobbyingAccess To lobby successfully a lot of money is needed being honest is also important for lobbyists Before lobbying government you have to convince people to join Lobbyists can lobby Executive Judicial and Legislative Branch Freeriding when people want to take advantage of public good but don t want to pay for it when a person expects other people to pay or provide for public good Trying to in uence public policy End Result nobody contributes Overcoming Freeriding Physical violence bribe selective incentives benefits emotional appeals Do you agree or disagree with a congress member Agree work with them 1 Disagree persuade 3 replace 2 very hard bribepersonal gift 4 FactFinding Mission J unket trip paid for by private entity Grassroots Campaignpersuade Astroturf Campaignmimic effect of grassroots campaign Bolitical Action Committees 35000 PACsa group whose job it is to take money from individual donors people who give money donate to candidates can donate more and are greater than individuals Independent Campaigns Issue Advocacy Campaigns Cannot say Vote for Can or do 1 draft legislation 2 provide witnesses 3 draft questions 4 prepare speeches 5 Research information technical or political Political substitute impact of the law Technical if we pass the law how many voters would react