Lesson 34: Origins of the Cold War
Lesson 34: Origins of the Cold War Hist 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 12/08/15
Lesson 34: Origins ofthe Cold War American politicians:concerned about Military casualties in Japan. New Weapons of Destruction The Atomic Bomb o The Manhattan Project (1942) ~2 billion dollars. ~150,000 people employed. Summer 1945 Robert Oppenheimer and General Leslie Groves. Leaders of the project. Tests proved successful and they had to decide if they should actually use the weapon. Dwight D. Eisenhower was originally opposed to the atomic bomb. Ultimate decision rests with President Truman. Late July 1945: U.S. gives ultimatum to Japan. o Ultimate surrender or get bombed. Hiroshima and Nagasaki. o Two cities to be bombed. o **Hiroshima was the primary target due to its use in the war effort. Bombs named “Little Boy” and “Fat Man”. August 6, 1945: st 1 Bomb dropped on Hiroshima. o 3 days later a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. U.S. out of bombs. **2 weeks later Japansurrendered unconditionally. Summer 1945: U.S. concerned about what would happen regarding the Soviets. The Cold War Describes the conflict between the U.S. and the Soviets. Bernard Baruch (1870-1965) o Coined the term “Cold War”. Walter Lippmann, “The Cold War” 1947 o Popularized the term. ****No actual fighting. Few casualties. Lots of threats and ultimatums. (Few actually came to fruition) Rival military alliances. o NATO and The Warsaw Pact. **Competition of science technology and the spread of political ideas. Regional Wars 1960’s—Vietnam War. o U.S. = South Vietnam. o Soviets= North Vietnam. 1949: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). o U.S. Turkey, France, Britain, & Canada. 1955:Warsaw Pact o Soviets, Czechoslovakia, etc…. Nuclear Arms Race Hydrogen Bomb (U.S.=1952/Soviet=1953) o Destructive power of 750X the power of the atomic bomb. “New Delivery System of Bombs” o ICBM—International Ballistic Missile. (1957) Launched with little warning. New launching pad. Could be put on submarines. More discreet. More Volatile and unpredictable. **1948 and 1962—U.S. Military expenditures increased from$11 billion to $52 billion. o The Soviet Union spent around $13 billion to about $50 billion. Cuban MissileCrisis (1962) Nikita Khrushchev (Soviet Leader) o Puts missiles inCuba as a deterrent to the U.S. John F. Kennedy: Puts quarantine on Cuba. o Air and water surveillance on Cuba. o U.S. agrees to withdraw missiles in Turkey.