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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lynette Walker on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 413 at University of Washington taught by Kathryn Monahan in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Adolescent Development in Psychlogy at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 12/08/15
Week 11 127 Externalizing Problems gt Clinical Disorder de ning externalizing problems 0 Conduct disorder age speci c childhood disorder Repetitive and persistent pattern of antisocial behavior Rights of others or ageappropriate social norms are violated Problems manifest 0 Work 0 School 0 Close relationships Only applies to those under 18 0 Measures of behavior change as individual gets older 0 Oppositional de ant disorder Behavior that is spiteful angry and argumentative Not necessarily aggressive physically Highly related to conduct disorder 0 Mildly common 1015 0 Many who exhibit these problems will stop 0 Those who continue to a chronic antisocial behavioral disorder are diagnosed with Antisocial personality disorder Needs to have been diagnosed or could be diagnosed with conduct disorder during childhood gt Aggression 0 Behavior to intentionally hurt someone Physical directly hurting someone Relational manipulating social relationships to hurt someone Reactive reacting to a situation aggressively Instrumental using aggression to gain something 0 Trends aggression across age Overtime aggressive behavior declines but is highest among toddlers Males are more aggressive and their aggressive traits are more stable over time stays about the same level Females are less aggressive and lose their aggressive qualities at a steeper rate over time Highly aggressive children become highly aggressive high schoolers in comparison to their peers who become highly aggressive adults also in comparison to peers gt Juvenile Offending o Engaging in illegal behaviors as a juvenile 0 Status offenses Limited to minors smoking under 16 drinking under 21 etc 0 Criminal Behaviors index offenses Crimes at any age 0 Violent ghting murder rape robbing someone s person 0 Property arson burglary destruction of property 0 Nonindex offenses Less serious crimes at any age graffiti gt Agecrime curve 0 Charting age categories and crime 1314 65 Peak rates of criminal behavior seen during 1518 0 Violent crimes peak at 16 0 Property crimes peak at 17 After 18 it drops rapidly Extremely robust curve seen universally in all cultures ethnicities nations gt Developmental progression 0 Authority con icts Truancy or running away Stubborn de ant behaviors progress from childhood into adulthood 0 Convert Antisocial Behavior With respect of criminal behavior low forms stealing etc escalating gradually to higher forms of antisocial behavior theft 0 Overt Antisocial Behavior Aggressive acts Bullying leads to aggravated assault 0 Long term criminals usually show all three types of behavior truancy to theft to aggravated assault gt Two types of Delinquency o Moffit s taxonomy of Offending Two types 0 Life course persistent o Engage in conduct disorders early and continue on to adulthood o 10 of delinquent higher criminal offenses individuals fall into Life course persistent category Adolescent limited o Engage in antisocial behavior only in adolescence fall into agecrime curve Both engage in adolescent antisocial behavior can t tell them apart during the adolescent years Same level of delinquency shown during adolescent years Need to identify how and when they fell into the behavior and follow up into adulthood gt Life course persistent Offenders O O 0 Risk is early higher and consistent Family factors Genetic aggressive behavior Environment arrest records conducive to antisocial behavior Problems of selfregulation Impulsive less able to control anger More likely to have ADHD Other biological factors High callous unemotional traits lower resting heart rate fearlessness and blunted response to emotional and painful stimuli Low IQ Cognitions Hostile Attribution Bias 0 Individuals interpret neutral stimuli as aggressive acts towards them Disproportionally more likely to live in high risk neighborhoods and environments Primarily males gt Adolescent limited offenders O O O No gender differences No early signs of serious psychological problems or family pathology Have more problems than teens who don t offend at all and these issues may persist into adulthood Some individuals are genetically inclined to experience greater thanaverage increase in sensation seeking during adolescence Primarily no cognitive and genetic risk factors Two main risk factors Poor parenting and poor parental monitoring Affiliation with antisocial peers gt Desistence vs Persistence in Antisocial Behavior 0 Developing psychosocial maturity distinguishes between persistent and desisting offenders Monahan Steinberg Cauffman and Mulvey 2014 o Antisocial acts by age Life course persistent continuous acts Adolescent limited sharp drop off after adolescence o Mapped these nding with psychosocial maturity Life course persistent less maturity stunted development 0 Does not develop capacities to avoid crime Adolescent limited normal psychosocial maturity gt Intervention o LCP offenders Early intervention is best Individual psychotherapy familybased interventions diversion programs community service Do not put together for group activities leads to greater crime 0 AL offenders Most will age out of it try to avoid getting snagged by the justice system Resist peer pressure Train parents to monitor more effectively Intervene in classrooms schools and neighborhoods Treat behavior seriously when it occurs gt Court system as deterrents o No evidence this is true 0 Youth who are tried in adult courts more punitive punishment and more severe have worse recidivism rates go back into justice system 59 come back to commit crimes gt Arrested Development 0 After incarceration there is a signi cant decline in psychosocial maturity the following year 0 Groups 100 of recent year spent in a secure facility prior to age 18 50 of recent year spent in a secure facility prior to age 18 No time spent in secure facility 0 Measures of psychosocial maturity among each group between ages 1718 years old 0 The fulltime incarcerated teens don t develop psychosocially as well as the part time incarcerated teens and even worse than the no time incarcerated teens gt Gender differences in criminal behavior 0 19931994 showed a decline in criminal behavior across the board Males had a stronger decline Increase in females being arrested nowadays Justice system is more fair genderwise