Contemporary Social Problems, Week 10
Contemporary Social Problems, Week 10 SO 1103
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan255 on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1103 at Mississippi State University taught by Jennifer Cheek in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL PROBLEMS in Behavioral Sciences at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 04/01/16
Contemporary Social Problems 3/29/16-3/31/16 Employment Concerns of Recent Grads Not getting a job in area of study Not getting a job at all – job competition Benefits ½ students that graduate end up with jobs that don’t require a degree 9% decrease in earning when compared to cost of living increase Student loans Cost of living Forced Labor/ Human Trafficking Working because of threats or coercion or kidnapping Not enough data Experts say 35 million are being trafficked 75%-85% sex trafficking vs labor trafficking in U.S. Reporting decreases because of fear of police, lack of understanding, attachment, etc Stigma when returning home, isolation Hard to identify victims Men tend to be forced into labor rather than sex Men are less likely to report Sweatshop Labor Low pay, low benefits, long hours, poor conditions, banned unions Most often used in garment industries but also in Ag, mining, etc Fair trade agreements try to combat this H2A visa – Ag visa for migrant workers for 5 years. Often bad working conditions Child Labor Less time focused on school Often dangerous conditions ½ children work in unsafe conditions o Child soldiers, sex work, long hours Health and Safety Adults that die at work – fishing, warehouse, construction, mining, transportation o BP oil spill, mining disasters Employees are afraid to report injuries o Benefits, job security Work/Life Conflict 70% Americans report work/life conflict More hours, lack of vacation time Men taking on more family responsibility Alienation due to jobs – usually in low –paying jobs From how you work From others Products we make Selves Labor Unions/Workers Rights Contemporary Social Problems 3/29/16-3/31/16 Very mixed reviews on unions in society Unions were created for employees to have collective bargaining power Workers in unions have better benefits, higher pay, better conditions Union laws have been weakened, harder to start Strategies for Action Reducing unemployment o Schools and businesses are teaming up to help students o Goodwill helps unemployed with job preparation o Targeted at chronically unemployed o Job creation o International partnerships Worker Cooperatives – employees own company Efforts to End Trafficking Shelters Reducing poverty International agreement o We often don’t count underemployment in our stats. 16% are underemployed Efforts to End Sweatshop Labor Fair trade association Student activism Legislation Chapter 8: Problems in Education Global Context 1 in 5 are unable to read o Women and those in poor countries are more at risk o Organizations made to help these people Rise in college attendance. 35% have a college degree o Those with higher education have higher pay and more employment Education premium is most often worth it Most of education budget is spent on teacher’s salaries o U.S. teachers have more hours than most worldwide o Younger people are more likely to be educated o U.S dropped from #1 to #9 in education Sociological Theories Functionalist – education system provides important roles for society. Problems affect other institutions o Provides instruction, socialization, sorts individuals into statuses, childcare Conflict – examines inequalities in education. Says that education allows solidification of our social hierarchy o Poor people get less/worse education o Money distribution is unequal o Indoctrinates capitalization Contemporary Social Problems 3/29/16-3/31/16 o Education only allows 1 view of history and culture Symbolic Interactionalist – looks at interactions in school o Student-teacher interactions – self-fulfilling prophecy o Teacher preconceptions Factors in Education Social Class o Parental socioeconomic class affects student’s academics o Middle and upper class kids are more involved in extracurriculars o Headstart – program for lower class children, early development o District funding – promotes more inequality Businesses aren’t near poor areas, especially innercity Inner city has many public buildings- no tax Schools are old and need repair Race and Ethnicity o Schools are more segregated than before o Minorities do worse on standardized tests o Minorities also struggle with poverty o Minorities may need extra help learning/improving language skills o Testing is biased toward whites/white history o Teacher discrimination o Defacto segregation o Socioeconomic intergration Helps remove black vs white mindset Gender o Women in the past were mostly illiterate o Women are enrolled at a higher rate today than men o Title IX – if you take federal funding, it must be evenly split between genders o Education for women improves society Problems in the American Educational System Lack of financial support o Larger classes, less resources Low levels of academic achievement o U.S. ranked 9th o Mississippi is the worst in U.S., Minnesota is 1 o Global competition decreasing High levels of dropouts o Communities with more dropouts spend more on welfare o GED programs haven’t helped – actually made it worse Bullying o 46% have been bullied, 16% have bullied o Indirect – rumors, reputation o Direct – more physical, face to face Crime/Violence o School shooters o More reports of violence, theft at school o Zero-tolerance policies involve police fairly often o School to prison pipeline Contemporary Social Problems 3/29/16-3/31/16 Inadequate facilities o $270 billion + to fix all schools o Worst schools are in inner cities Can affect academic outcomes Recruiting and retaining teachers o Low pay, long hours, behavior issues o New teachers are less effective o The higher the teacher’s pay, he more effective they are o Most effective teachers are at wealthy schools o Teaching to the test Challenges in higher education o It’s expensive o Tenure track is decreasing – adjunct professors o Low income students have a hard time affording college o Minorities often report feeling unwelcome on campus o Junior College enrollment is increasing – less expensive, more personal, close to home Strategies for Action Policies o Reforming no child left behind o Common core state standards o Testing and accountability Advocacy and Grassroots movements o Parents becoming more involved Parent trigger laws allow parents to vote to close school if it’s in the bottom 5% for a set number of years o Character education – education also focuses on ethics Promotes democratic awareness o Virtual education Increasing enrollment Even classroom based often uses technology Digital divide o Debate over school choice School vouchers – money for one child for a particular school Charter schools – designed to give parents more influence Moves voucher to charter school to receive funding Proponants say it encourages competition and improves education Privatization of schools Often for better education Smaller teacher – student ratio religion