Lab material for objective 1
Lab material for objective 1 BIOL 2220
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by jj on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 2220 at Clemson University taught by John Cummings in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Anatomy in Anatomy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 12/08/15
LAB 1 OBJECTIVES On the practical we will not accept laymen terms such as whiskers ears paws groin etc Students must use the terminology that is presented in their lab manual Identify the following external anatomy on the rat Scrotum male sac under penis Tail Clitoris female the top of the Urethral orifice Pelvis lower back area near the butt but on the side Abdomen middle of back area Manus hands Neck Pinna ears External auditory canal inside ear Vibrissae whiskers Pes feet Head External nares nose Anus Penis male same place as clitoris is on female Vaginal ori ce female opening under the vagina amp urinary bladder Digits fingers Relate body subdivisions on the rat table 12 Buccal pertaining to the cheek Oral pertaining to the mouth Mental pertaining to the chin Nasal pertaining to the nose Otic pertaining to the ear Orbital pertaining to the eye socket Frontal pertaining to the forehead Sternal pertaining to the breastbone Pectoral Mammary pertaining to the breast Abdominal pertaining to the anterior trunk below the ribs abdomen Coxal pertaining to the hip Umbilical pertaining to the navel Pubic pertaining to the genital region Scapular pertaining to the shoulder blade Vertebral pertaining to the spinal column Lumbar pertaining to the lower back loin Acrominal pertaining to the shoulder Axillary pertaining to the armpit Antebrachial pertaining to the forearm Antecubital pertaining to the anterior elbow Carpal pertaining to the wrist Palmar pertaining to the palm of the hand Digital upper limb pertaining to the fingers Gluteal pertaining to the buttock Femoral pertaining to the thigh Patellar pertaining to the anterior knee Popliteal pertaining to the posterior knee Crural pertaining to the leg Sural pertaining to the posterior leg calf Fibular peroneal pertaining to the side of the leg Tarsal pertaining to the ankle Calcaneal pertaining to the heel Plantar pertaining to the sole Digital lower limb pertaining to the toes Be able to relate to directional terms in Table 13 Rat Cranial towards the head Lateral towards the side Caudal towards the tail External towards the surface of the body Ventral towards the belly Internal away from the surface of the body Dorsal towards the backbone Proximal lying near the point of reference Medial towards the midline Distal lying further from the point of reference Human Superior above over Lateral towards the side Inferior below under Superficial near the surface Anterior towards the frontbelly Deep further from the surface Posterior towards the butt Proximal lying near the point of reference Medial towards the midline Distal lying further from the point of reference Identify the following on the dissected rat Diaphragm muscle separates the heart and liver heart centrally located in thoracic cavity Thoracic cavity under trachea above diaphragm lungs on either side of the heart Parietal pleura shiny stuff on inside walls pancreas stretchy stuff between stomach and spleen Visceral pleura shiny stuff on lungs cecum de ated darker gray bag bottom of small intestine Parietal pericardium lines the surface of the abdominal wall mesentery proper clear stuff you see when you pull SI Colon tube from the intestines to the anus Thymus hat at the top of heart whitepink color Trachea top of rat where the neck would be Kidney under the spleen looks like a bean Spleen under the stomach Ovary female ball on the end of uterine horns Greater omentum yellow mush under stomach Uterine horns horns that are attached to ovaries Be able to identify the abdominopelvic divisions in the rat Right hypochondriac region left iliac inguinal region Right lumbar region umbilical region Hypogastric pubic region epigastric region right hypochondriac region epigastric region nght lumbar region umbilical region hypogastric region stomach left side of rat under liver small intestines curled up sausages urinary bladder small ball at bottom of cut near tail liver dark redbrown color organ above stomach testis male whiteclear sac near the scrotum uterus female where the uterine horns attach at bottom seminal vesicles brown balls on both sides of urinary bladder Falciform ligament string between diaphragm and liver left hypochondriac region left lumbar region right iliac inguinal region left hypochondnac region left lumbar region left iliac I region
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