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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by William C. Jones, V on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC-3390-01 at Tulane University taught by Fabian, Melinda in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Adolescent Psychology in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 12/08/15
Adolescent Psychology- Chapter 4 Religious/moral think –dependent on culture’s beliefs or cognitive development. Piaget and Kohlberg—moral development rooted in universal cognitive processes. Piaget’s theory of moral development 2 distinct approaches to reasoning about moral issues Heteronomous morality (about ages 4-7) Autonomous morality (about 10-12) Cant take into account people’s motivations for behavior. Moral development promoted by interactions with peers; negotiations, compromises. Kohlberg theory of moral development Hypothetical moral dilemmas What behaviors are right/wrong? And WHY? Kohlberg’s Theory 3 levels (with 2 stages each) of moral development younger kids – more external rewards & punishments stage 1: Punishment and obedience orientation stage 2: individualism and purpose orientation Level 2: Conventional reasoning Individuals abide by certain standards (internal), but they are the standard of others (external) Stage 3: Interpersonal concordance orientation Stage4: Social systems orientation Level 3: Post conventional Reasoning A personal moral individual’s perception of objective, universal principles Stage5: Community rights and individual rights of orientation Stage6: Universal ethical principles orientation Most adolescents reason at stage 3 By early adulthood, a small number of individuals reason in post conventional ways Post conventional thinking even rarer in non-western cultures Moral development proceeds in the predicted way, no skipping stages or going back Moral development correlated with SES, intelligence and educational level. Critques of Kohlberg Gender critique –Carol Gilligan Kohlberg’s theory bases in favor of a justice orientation Gilligan- females favor a core orientation However, research evidence does not support a gender bias Cultural critique Kohlberg’s theory based in favor of individualistic thinking detached, abstract individualism is highest form of moral reasoning.
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