New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

SOC 2181 Week 3: Jan 29

by: -deleted-apierson

SOC 2181 Week 3: Jan 29 SOC 2181


GPA 3.14
South African Political Sociology

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

South African Political Sociology
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in South African Political Sociology

Popular in Sociology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by -deleted-apierson on Saturday January 31, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 2181 at George Washington University taught by Buntman in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 121 views. For similar materials see South African Political Sociology in Sociology at George Washington University.


Reviews for SOC 2181 Week 3: Jan 29


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/31/15
1292015 1114 AM D Chapters 1 12 in Long Walk to Freedom by 1222015 D Chapters 13 81 in Long Walk to Freedom by 1222015 D Chapters 1 7 in History ofSouth Afrco by 1222015 Defining Apartheid literal meaning of separateness a comprehensive legal political economic social repressive and ideological system of minority white racial rule over a black majority that structured the South African state and society in virtually all respects It is important to understand the legal foundations of Apartheid it39s notjust about understanding structures but rather the deep ideological commitments and how people see themselves landela talks about how he could not only understand what he wanted to understand but was forced to understand what his opposition wanted Whites wanted Apartheid to be of legal legitimacy The idea that the state had the right to rule due to the rule of law Gramsci39s Hegemony dominant ways of thinking where the dominated are coerced to give their consent to being dominated There are people who make their living based on supporting Apartheid ie police officers bureaucrats Although the coercion was based largely on race it was also based on people39s political activism Some legal precursors 1936 Development Trust and Land Act blacks cannot own land Prohbition of Mixed larriages Act 1949 and the Immorality Amendment Act 1950 restricts marriage and later sex between races The population registration act 1950 Classifies everyone into one of four racial groups colors whites blacks Indians Can39t have Apartheid without this act One of the reasons you have to do this is because you want to separate out where people can live Group Areas Acts 1950 is also based on economics It39s about not wanting to live with blacks and also wanting them to be close enough to do all the nasty work The term quotgroup areasquot establishes the idea of group identity It underlies the population registration act but also becomes even more important the idea of the distinct ethnic and linguistic identity Influx control one of the important changes ofthe 1952 laws is that it39s extending passed laws to women The national party government becomes very South Africa Page 1 surprised by the level of resistance that women put up to the laws Bantu Education 1953 we want blacks to be educated but y39know not too educated We want them to be able to read in order to do work but not the ability or inclination to stand up for their own rights The state gets rid of church based education The people who were educating tended to be more critical of apartheid Extension of University Education Act 1959 segregated previously desegregated schools As a result we got a lot more Afrikaans schools the University for colored people the University for Indian people and expansions of universities for black people In many ways this was very important for galvanizing a part of white society that basically accepted the status quo 19481980 white support grows under Apartheid begins to decline in 1980 Right opposition becomes greater than the liberal opposition One of the reasons Apartheid gets stronger is because the economy expands There is a rising group of educated Afrikaaners and the job segregation pays off South African economy becomes increasingly diversified Increase industrialization and increased sophistication in the economy occurs However we begin to hit structural constraints paradox of some of South Africa39s economic success we need more skilled labor but there are not enough Afrikaaners or English speakers to fulfill that quota There is an undertrained black population which is problematic as we go into the 70s Helen Suzman very involved in prison reform In some ways Apartheid was helped by the cold war They were able to solidify themselves as antiCommunist The world never completely accepts Apartheid India is the first nation to really challenge Apartheid The UN quickly establishes opposition Apartheid as one of its formation of identity There is decolonization going on in the 50s and 60s and that means that the UN39s decolonization of yellowbrownblack countries is growing US and the 80s antiapartheid movement becomes a us social movement 1950s resistance colored communities don39t accept Apartheid however elites are the most active African National Congress plays a key role in acceptance It has formal and informal alliances with other groups While the government is preaching segregation the ANC was promoting multiracialism ANC was only meant for Africans but it worked closely with colored Indian and white people South Africa Page 2 That was all open and above ground One reason the ANC is so strong in this period is because it has new leadership It39s under Mandela Tambo Sisulu Apartheid also sees fragmentation of the opposition because of the Pan Africanist Congress PAC under its leader PAC breaks around from ANC in 1959 Early 1960s it39s the PAC against passed laws that turns to a pivotal role in dissembling Apartheid By the time that Mandela goes to prison internal resistance in South Africa is crushed From 65 to 70 it is the quietest time of resistance But this is a time when the ANC was beginning to develop outside South Africa because it was exiled It took advantage of decolonization During this time Apartheid was basically on steroids It pushes through in a number of ways security legislation increases organizations are banned dissent was classified as terrorism imprisonment increases Massive relocation of black people in both urban and rural areas into 13 of the land happens Late 1960s we get black resistance reemerging By 1969 under the leadership of Steve Biko you get an independent black student organization South African Student Organization SASO One of the things Biko and the Black Consciousness Movement BCM do is show that everyone who is not white shares a similar oppression You share an identity as Black South Africans In that way BCM was ahead of the ANC in arguing this Black trade unions develop 1976 black high school students rebel against the requirement that Afrikaans will be the language in which they learn It39s seen as more difficult Black school students lead a huge resistance in part which is lit because the government reacts with extreme force killing people this is the beginning of the end of Apartheid Coopting the National party decides to try and bring in more people to their base They do this in a few ways one is by making certain economic reforms ie trade unions tricameral parliament Indian colored white parliament 4m whites 2m colored 1m Indians South Africa Page 3


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.