Notes: Week 12-1-15
Notes: Week 12-1-15 History 151, 22
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jacqueline Wiley on Wednesday December 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 151, 22 at La Salle University taught by Professor Frassetto in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Global History to 1500 in History at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 12/09/15
Week of December 1 Notes Prof. Frassetto Ethiopia o Ezana made Ethiopia a Christian empire They were nicely situation between trade routes Had access to Indian Ocean, India Generated wealth, wealth is power Ethiopia became powerful Came to be dominant power in Africa o All of that changed in the 7 century What happened? Islam spread everywhere Didn’t get into Ethiopia, which isolated it because it was everywhere else Christian island in a larger Islamic sea o Before they were Muslims, what were the Arabs? Merchants, international traders Ethiopia loses trade connections but they continued to trade one important thing o COFFEE! o A dynasty (Zagwe) took over in the 12 century (about 1150) Ruled from 1150-1270 Christian In order to demonstrate their legitimacy, they proclaimed that the founder of their family was Moses They were the rightful rulers of god’s chosen people in Ethiopia Lalibela died in 1225, greatest of the Zagwe rulers o Most famous for a vision He had a vision of Jerusalem Inspired him to create a new Jerusalem The cornerstone of that building was the rock churches In the shape of a cross The interior reflected byzantine influence Great works of art o Independency The Zagwe rulers established a system of independency o In 1270, they were overthrown by Yikunno Amlak Established a dynasty that lasted until 1974, Solomonid dynasty He was encouraged to overthrow them by the monks Descendants of Solomon Solomon had affair with Queen of Shiba, has a son (Menelik) o HE ruled Ethiopia, it was interrupted than retakes over Solomon was chosen by God to rule, definitely better than Moses Solominids revived great period of growth, Aksum had been reborn Their power grew because of the Gults o Established a bond between the King, nobility and the army King gives you land, he expects loyalty and service in return This was a way of binding and establishing loyalty between himself and the kingdom Built up their army and invade and conquer Zara Yakob (died in 1468) Absolute monarchy that was centered in and around the King, he was the absolute power Rule of law Sought to impose uniformity of belief o Everyone was a good Christian, if you weren’t, you were persecuted o Unify the kingdom as a whole o But in a way, we can see the fear of Muslims because Ethiopia was surrounded by Muslims o The army is use to expand the land of Ethiopia, establish a huge Christian kingdom once again Sudan o Originated with the Kingdom of Ghana Lots of gold The King of Ghana (his name was Ghana) Powerful Stretched back to as early as 300, full prominence in 800 Mansa Musa o Ruled Mali from 1207-1337 o Greatest ruler of Mali, Sudan o Successful conquering king Great theme of Mali and kingdoms of Sudan Build up army, conquer, gain access to salt, gold Brought great wealth and resources Brought power Gained control of towns like Timbuktu, which gave them a fantastic trade route o Made the pilgrimage to Mecca Stopped in Cairo He participates in Cairo Gave out A LOT of gold, money So much gold that he wrecked the economy for an entire generation in Cairo Reveals two things o Devotion to his faith o Mali was phenomenally wealth kingdom in order to do this o During Mali’s growth, they took control of Gao Existed from 800 Incorporated into empire of Mali From this town, would emerge the last of the great dynasties of Sudan In 1374, the Songhai overthrew the power of Sudan o A series of rulers o Most importantly Sunni Ali (d. 1492) and Muhammad alToure (Askia the Great)(d. 1528) Gained control of trade route, giving them wealth, which gave them power Increase size of the army When they reached the coast, they decided they needed a navy as well Promoted towns, encouraged trade, beautification in the towns, encouraged Islam, contact with Arabic world Fall of the kingdom of Ghana, were Muslims Rulers of the kingdom of Mali were Muslim o Led to mosques o Efforts to enhance, beautify the towns along the trade route Included mosques o Establishment of interesting style or architecture o Real effort to build up and beautify the cities Great cultural, religious centers Sunni Ali o Muslim o Knew he needed to keep the country folk happy Protect farmers Recruited leaders from countryside and made them administrators, ruled the courts o Priests served and performed religious ceremonies o Respect and honor the country folk Allowed rituals and sacrifices of those African traditions Obviously not Muslim Saw a way to maintain the order Askia the Great o He was a much more committed Muslim o Pilgrimage to Mecca o Impose Islam on everyone in the kingdom o Removed all country folk from power and replaced them with Arabic muslims Medieval Europe o Franks the only kingdom that lasted o Merovingian Dynasty, which lasted until 751 o Carolingian Dynasty, lasted until 987 Greatest of these rulers was Charlemagne o Capetians, lasted until 1382 o Kingdom of the Franks became the Kingdom of France Age of Charlemagne o Figure who casted a huge shadow over middle ages of Europe o Ruled from 768 to 814 o Died January 28 Made law o Conquered o Built Hardest to conquer was the Saxons Not a war, a crusade VERY CHRISTIAN RULER This goes on for 30 years o Father of Europe, then and now o Defeats Saxons o Duke of Bavaria swore on an oath with Charlemagne’s father Failed to uphold the oath, Charlemagne annexed Bavaria o Aachen Charlemagne built a great Palace here, making it his capital It is now a chapel
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