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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thomas nelson on Saturday April 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 2008 at High Point University taught by Thaddeus M. Ostrowski in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Social Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at High Point University.
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Date Created: 04/02/16
Thomas Nelson John Rawls (19212002) published “A Theory of Justice” in 1971 o Made ethics and the meaning of justice the primary focus of philosophical discussion o He rejected Utilitarian and Libertarian accounts of justice, and his ideas have been prominent in all decisions of justice since His theory emphasizes “justice as fairness” Criticism of Utilitarianism o Permits gross inequalities o Individual rights can’t be treated for overall welfare of society (Libertarianism agrees) Criticism of Libertarianism o Are initial acquisitions accidents of birth? Results of “natural lottery” (unmerited or earned)? o Did you get to choose who you are? Do you deserve the circumstances of your birth or the talents and abilities with which you were endowed? Did you “earn” them in any way? Malcolm Gladwell’s notion of “Outliers” o Hockey example: 2/3 of Canada’s pro hockey players were born in January and February Cutoff date in their hockey leagues → They are older and bigger in each league, generally Sometimes consent is not sufficient to make a contract fair (old lady’s expensive toilet) Sometimes consent is not necessary (Hume’s house, squeegee and car, roadside car repair, lifesaving surgery while unconscious) Contracts derive from their moral force from o Autonomy (consent) o Reciprocity (mutual benefit)
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