southern secession and the outbreak of war
southern secession and the outbreak of war history 1311
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Imran Rashik on Thursday December 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to history 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dr. Kristen Burton in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see survey of american history in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 12/10/15
Southern Secession and the Outbreak of War Dred Scott V Sanford A decision made by the supreme court on March 6 1857 Revolved around a man named Dred Scott who was born a slave in Virginia In 1830 he was sold to a new master who took him to a free state Illinois and then Wisconsin territory for 12 years travelling Then his master died for which Scott tried to attain his freedom He filed a suite in the Missouri courts seeking his freedom This reached the Supreme court The chief justice of the supreme court Roger B Taney stated that Scott did not have the right to file a suite in the courts because he did not have legal standing He also argued that the Missouri compromise was unconstitutional because it deprived citizens to property in certain states and areas So in this way he implied that Congress did not have the write to define where slavery could and could not exist Reinforce the confirmation that the so called slaveo cracy is trying to take over It denied Congress the right to regulate slavery Congress was forced to protect slave owners natural rights to their property The concept of natural rights introduced by John Locke was used to protect the institution of slavery People in the north started to believe that all states had to take up slave codes Political and social tensions over slavery was fracturing the US Many northern democrats and northern Whigs separated from their southern counterparts Some Whigs joined the Free Soil coalition In 1854 these northern Whigs Free soilers and democrats formed the republican party Their main issue was to oppose the Sanford rule They also opposed the expansion of slavery into territories People criticized the republican party to be in support ofthe negroes A young Congressman named Abraham Lincoln was a part of the republican party He believed the entire future of the union would be imperiled party if the southerners were not stopped Lincoln challenged Douglass when he ran for the senate in 1858 He challenged Douglass to a series of political debates AugOct 1858 A lot ofpeople followed these debates So a battle for the senate seat turned into a battle for the future of the republic Lincoln focused on principle while Douglass focused on the process of a system Lincoln said that US either had to eliminate slavery or let it take over the entire nation Douglas won the senate seat in the end But Lincoln established himself on a national stage to be a presidential figure John Brown made a reappearance in the national stage He enacted a raid into the south Oct 1859 John Brown and 20 men went into Virginia and captured a federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry Harper s Ferry The place where John Brown and his men captured a federal arsenal in October 1859 in Virginia He saw this as his divine mission to arm the slaves of the south and encourage them to rise up against their masters Unfortunately all the slaves did not rebel So his plan failed and Brown with his men were surrounded with no backup Federal troops came in and captured Brown and his supporters He was convicted of treason The southerners saw this incident at Harper s ferry as an attempted invasion by the north The people of the north saw Brown as a martyr Proof to southerners that abolitionists were ready to use violence to take away their very means of living Rumors spread in the south that abolitionists would try to incite a slave rebellion Election of 1860 Took place between Abraham Lincoln Republican Stephan A Douglass Democratic John C Breckinridge S Democrat John Bell Constitutional Union April of 1860 Democratic party selected Steven A Douglass to be their candidate for presidency He promised that he would protect the institution of slavery without letting it expand But many southerners felt that this was not good enough They also felt that Douglas was not doing enough to convince northerners that slavery was a positive good So the lower states elected their own candidate John C Breckinridge This split up the vote for which the republicans saw their opportunity to win The existence of slavery was at stake through this election The south decided that if Abraham Lincoln won the election then they would secede Lincoln held a clear majority by Nov 6 of 1860 Soon South Carolina initiated the move to secede on Dec 29 1860 Delegates endorsed their ordinates of secession South Carolina s Ordinance for Secession Ordinance set by the state of South Carolina on December 20th 1860 in which they stated that the union between North Carolina and the other northern states would be dissolved The ordinance emphasized on legislation and the legal rights of states to secede It mentioned that if a form of government became destructive then the people had the right to abolish it The ordinance accused the government of breaking the compact it had with South Carolina This was because the fugitive slaves in the North were not returned to their rightful owners in the South according to a stipulation Some states denied the right of transit of fugitive slaves while others refused to surrender to justice slaves accused of murder and insurrection If Abraham Lincoln came to power he would abolish slavery for which the south would not get equal rights as the north For all these reasons North Carolina led the secession and other states like Texas followed this ordinance although Texas did not hold back its interest of keeping its slaves in its ordinance