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by: N3koKikyu
GPA 3.5
Social Psychology

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About this Document

Notes for 12/8/15 and 12/10/15
Social Psychology
Class Notes
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Popular in Social Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by N3koKikyu on Thursday December 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 70782 at George Mason University taught by Riskind in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 12/10/15
Tuesday December 8 2015 Social Psychology Aggression cont Aggression as a biological phenomenon Evolutionary View Biochemical Influences Testosterone Thomas Hobbs Life in a state of nature was solitary poor nasty brutish and short Expanding circle eter Singer evolutions bequeaths humans within a sense of empathy an ability to see others as having interestsfeelings comparable to own Unfortunately by default only applies to our own limited circle or own friends and family or even our friends alone Humans at more aggressively when exposed to Pain heat humidity air pollution offensive odors Frustration Aggression Hypothesis when someone is feeling frustrated that frustration can lead them to lash out in aggression Social Situations and Aggression The Weapons Effect when it is as if it isn t just the finger that pulls the trigger but it is as if the trigger pulls the finger Similar to the idea that the mere sight of cany nearby can induce us to eat the candy Specific social situations and cues can sometimes pull for certain behavior and make it more likely lmitating Aggression by Others Children learn to solve conflicts aggressively by imitating adults Especially when they see that the aggression is rewarded Social Learning Theory The idea that we learn social behavior by observing others and imitating them Effects of Media Violence on Children The average American sees 8000 murders and 100000 other acts of violence BEFORE they re 12 Tuesday December 8 2015 Even children who are not aggressive can become more aggressive by watching violent TV or playing violent video games Effects of Nonaggressive Models on Children Children also model nonaggressive behavior Thursday December 10 2015 Social Psychology What is Prejudice Prejudice An assumption made about before having adequate knowledge to be able accurately make that judgement Typically a negative assumption Attitude Basing an opinion of someone based solely on their group membership Can relate to stereotypes Self Perpetuating Stereotypes Stereotype Threat fear that one will confirm the stereotypes that others have regarding some salient group of which one is a member Clark and Clark 1947 the majority of children all races chose to play with a white doll not the black doll They said the white doll was prettier oldberg 1968 female college students read scholarly articles one by man one by woman they rated the article higher when it was written by a man Discrimination An unjustified negative or harmful action toward the members of a group simply because of their membership in that group Motivational Sources of Prejudice The scapegoat Theory Social Identity Theory feeling superior to others ingroup bias need for status selfregard and belonging Jane Elliot Grouped children into her class into groups based on eye color blue eyed children were called superior they formed an ingroup VERY quickly saw the brown eyed children as inferior lngroup Bias Positive feelings and special treatment for people in our ingroup and negative feelings and unfair treatment for in the outgroup Robber s Cave Study Thursday December 10 2015 Sherif 1954 divided 22 12 year old boys up into two groups Didn t know of each other s existence at first created their own names and within days both gropus developed social hierarchy Three Stages 1 lngroupformation 2 Friction Phase introduced groups to each other had to be terminated because it got so violent 3 Friction Reduction sdfwe sfwe


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