JDST 340, WEEK 6 notes
JDST 340, WEEK 6 notes JDST 340
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Roulhac on Saturday April 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JDST 340 at University of Maryland - Baltimore County taught by Severin Hochberg in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see JDST 340 in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Maryland - Baltimore County.
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Date Created: 04/02/16
03.08.2016__________________________ Questions about the rulers/kings relationship with the Jews o Protected by contract and for practical purposes because they benefitted from them encouraged trade in order to have more prestige/power/dominance o Jews played an important role in the early phases of European economy o Added to their decline and subversion : they weren't needed as much (give them a hard time and then expulsion move to Eastern Europe Church (Roman Catholic Church always the bad guys in the medieval era, blamed for the ascetic nature of Europe) the institution that binds Europe together o An important reason that Jews and the Church were always against each other was because they came from the same basic place o St. Paul principle of the Christian faith "founder of Christianity" then there is tension between this church and the church in Jerusalem St. Paul desire was to convert the pagans, Church in Jerusalem keep it Jewish o The Gospels write the story of the birth/death and ministry of Christ (Why did they have him born in Bethlehem that's where King David was born) this relationship is important in the survival of the Jews Hebrew Bible is important because both Christians and Jews accept it as true (as well as major laws of Moses), however the Jewish religion is incomplete and Christianity supersedes Judaism because its completion is in the coming and 2nd coming of the Messiah Therefore as Church leaders figure out attitude towards the Jews they have to deal with the notion that Jews are a cursed people evidenced by their wondering and that Jews rejected Jesus as the Messiah and his teachings and have a very special relationship to Christians, however AUTHORITY/LEGITEMATE (make sure to mention on midterm) it means that it is the right source For Christianity the authority comes from the Hebrew Bible and that is why they accept it Jews are a special people to the Christians evidenced by the fact that they were around at all (not supposed to be killed or converted by force) o Jewish Sympathizers (Christians, not Jewish) contribute to the build up of Jewish community were probably born pagan and on their way to Judaism or Christianity Councils (most famous of Nicaea (325) is when they made a clear distinction o between Christianity and Judaism different days of Worship and what would go into the New Testament > parting of thee ways in the 4th century o Monasticism is the ascetic part (monk) they reject the life of the Establishment (especially the wealth and dress) of the Church/ this is the intelligence of the Church, also the most antiSemitic part of the Jews (against the existence of the Jews) at the same time the Establishment of the Church did not want the Jews to be happy o Jews treated the Jews badly/humiliated them by having laws that limited them socially, because it was a way to exert that they are the legitimate religion also because this is a Christian territory so you cannot do Jewish things here!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! What does this say about Christianity in the midlevel ages? Fragile, highly concerned with subversion, nervous tension Romans afraid that Jews would take over and to maintain feudal order which was beginning to "fray" : new towns not as religious as the countryside and began to take the side of the King Relatively peaceful period (1000 to 1300) Crusades ( 1096 1291) reason: to reclaim the Holy Land that had been taken by Turks and Moslems ( Moslems had barred Christian pilgrimages) and assert Christian right to worship o 1st one in Claremont, France o Go on a crusade for honor, prestige, gain resources, Violence was a major problem during this time 1. the peace of God: for a year no one would fight or kill each other/ 2. then promoted the cult of the Virgin Mary (began to feminize church in the 13th century then 3. crusades o Problem on the way to the crusade they had to pass the Jews (via the land route) and they decided to "destroy" the Jews (because they are similar to the Moslems "local infidels") this behavior condemned by the Church knights go to Constantinople and form their own Church The religious impulse, name and idea of the Crusades came from Spain called Reconquista Christian kingdoms pushing back the Moslems
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