JDST 340, WEEK 8 notes
JDST 340, WEEK 8 notes JDST 340
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Roulhac on Saturday April 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JDST 340 at University of Maryland - Baltimore County taught by Severin Hochberg in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see JDST 340 in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Maryland - Baltimore County.
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Can you just teach this course please? lol :)
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Date Created: 04/02/16
3.29.16 In year 1300 it would be difficult to talk about what is going on As anti-Semitism, more like anti - Judaism - they were still willing To work with them to a point. Reflects ancient prejudices from the Mediterranean. This is not a formulated, systematic argument - it is a religious argument (Christ killer or not accepting Christ) their should be restraint because there is still a need for them. It starts to fall apart because: 1. it began to spread rapidly and Christianity became more popular, sure of itself and popular (pilgrimages start in the 12th and 13th century) - greater religiosity -> monks walking around Europe preaching that Christianity needs to go back to the way it was when it was founded: ascetic, self-denying, poor and with the people o Why are they after the Jew? Jews were close to power/ part of the establishment - guilty by association, death by proxy and their not Christian so they don't deserve it, they are illegitimate because they are religious outsiders - defined anti-Jewish behavior until now: A pure Christian society would not except Jews and their success - Aim purification of Church <-> society : projections was both a reflection and a major influence on society - was so powerful that the Church had to pay attention - Church saw relations with Jews as a battle and they needed to defeat them o -> Accusations against Jews - liars, violating agreement, killed Christian, had a secret book Jews fought back -> Church under pressure from lowers to get rid of the Jews -> pressure on royalty that caused laws/code that further stifled the growth of Jews and make it impossible for them to live 14th Century - beginning of physical attacks against Jews which is unwanted by royalty and the Church/// Everybody had something to gain - Church = validation (especially at second coming), Poor people - someone lower than them, royalty - taxes/ relationship of Church establishment and royalty - both want a peaceful society and a Christian society which may take time to achieve SPAIN 1391 - 1492 Jews came to Spain by the 8th century and Spain until 1492 I divided between Muslim and Christian power which creates a special situation for the Jews therefore established Jews offer their services and the Muslims and Christians compete for them - they were very necessary in Spain - because of the competition Jews were able to do more in Spain than they were in other part of Europe (carry weapons, own land) made it a hotspot for Hew and they flourished Then: o Reconquista - slow victory of Christian kingdoms over the Muslims and Jews start to move to place where they had more protection from the rulers Once you get into the 14th century you et some of the same accusations as before and the life of the Jews become more constrained in Spain ( look at document of the expulsion of the Jews from Spain by Queen Isabella) - illustrates the reliance of the royalty on the Jews The real bad things happens in 1391 1. revolution of the people against the Jews (tremendous religiosity) and then 2. crusading spirit against Muslims and Jews// Reconquista fueled increased religiosity // rulers try to prevent but the hock to the Jewish community was enough to push them out After 1391 Jews began to convert to Christianity -> Inquisition to make sure they were really Christian (authorized by the Pope) [ The Inquisition was not about the Jews, it was about people who had conveyed to Christianity] - a reversal of what was said in the 11th century. Why was their a questioning now? - If they convert, there I "no limit" to what they can accomplish. - Nuevos Christianos (a polite way of saying Jew) concept of Purity of the Blood - La Pista de Sangre - introduce race into the argument/make a new argument - conversion I not good enough if the blood is not clean - Jews/Muslims are faking because they want to stay in Spain Also now there is a Jewish problem: Jews and Christians are still associated socially and there is an argument that the old Jews are preventing them from becoming Jews and old families get with urban middle class and they want the Jews broken so they can take over their economic prowess. Consensus by historians of the Inquisition is that the notion of secret Jews is an exaggeration that was pushed by old Jews to foster a conspiracy - think that new Christians were "good" Christians. Isabella in 1492 had to combat a major problem in the newly formed Spain and pressure to get rid of the Jews and Muslims because of the celebration of the victory of Christianity over Islam (proximity of the closeness of new Christians and Jews was troublesome) Why the voluntary conversion? Community Continuity, tough to know 1506 Portugal expels the Jews Why did all of the expulsions take place? o Increased religiosity o Notion that every real nation should only have one religion o Take the wealth from the Jews o An attempt at conformity or nationalism Autodaphay - purification of faith by fire
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