3-30-16 PSYC 110 - 008
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Webb on Saturday April 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 110 - 008 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Malik Khaddouma in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see General Psychology - in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 04/02/16
Stress and Coping Defining Stress Stressor - Kind of stimulus that elicits a stress response Stress - Tension, discomfort, or physical symptoms that arise in response to a stressor Trauma - A long-term reaction to a stressor Theories of Stress Stress as stimuli - Focuses on identifying categories of stressors that affect everyone E.g breakups, death of loved ones, job loss, etc. - Stressfulness of stimuli might depend on context and culture E.g college student stressors vs. midlife stressors Stress as a transaction - Focuses on how people interpret stressful events - People determine: 1. Whether event is stressful or not 2. Ability to cope with stressor Unsolvable stressful situations often lead to emotion-focused coping strategies Stress as a response - Focuses on how people respond to stressful events - Often based on laboratory or naturalistic research E.g Why Zebras Don’t Get Ulcers - Often use physiological measures of stress response Minor Stress Hassles - Minor stressors that strain ability to cope - Often small events that get in the way of immediate goals Biology of Stress General Adaptation Syndrome - Proposed by Hans Seyle (1950s) - Pattern of responding to stress with 3 stages: 1. Alarm 2. Resistance 3. Exhaustion 1. Alarm - Excitement of autonomic nervous system - Caused by rush of corticosteroids - Produce physiological “feeling” of stress HPA axis - Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal link 1. Hypothalamus interprets signal of fear 2. Tells pituitary gland to release hormones to stimulate adrenal glands 3. Adrenal glands release corticosteroids, which produce stress reaction 2. Resistance - Pathways to cerebral cortex are used to problem solve - Allows person to choose reaction to stressor 3. Exhaustion - Ability to cope with stressor decreases - Can cause damage to organ systems or emotional health in cases on long- term stress exposure