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by: Jack Derrico
Jack Derrico
GPA 3.8
Dr. Gillis

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About this Document

Dr. Gillis
Class Notes
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Popular in Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jack Derrico on Saturday January 31, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY110 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Gillis in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 229 views. For similar materials see Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Miami.

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Date Created: 01/31/15
Lecture 1 I De nition of Psychology 1scienti c study of mind and behavior aa science scienti c method bmind is not the brain 1thoughts memories C II Six Approaches to Psychology Fields of Specialization IV History of Psychology V Ethical Issues VI Overview of Scienti c Method Six Approaches APsychoanalytic Freud B Behavioral Watson Skinner 1 argued we shouldn39t build a science on imaginary id ego or superego 2 wanted to focus on behavior C Gestalt Kohler Wertheimer 1the whole is more than the sum of the parts experience cannot be reduced into simpler steps parts movement ended by nazis D Humanistic Maslow Rogers 1every person is motivated to reach their fullest human potential E Cognitive thinking memory language problem solving creativity 1 study of thinking thought F BiologicalMedicalPhysiological Ill Fields of Specialization Human Services Clinical therapists who worked on major issuesmental illnesses schizophrenia diseases Counseling everyday problems family marriage school Community housing community life health School discipline motivation Applied Educational disability students Forensic legal system Sports Industrial Organizational leadership relationship issues work productivity settings Heahh Engineering making equipment user friendly Experimental Social Personality Cognitive thinking memory Developmental all ages phases life PhysiologicalMedicalBiological IV History of Psychology ACharles Darwin 1859 1psychology began with him unofficially 2theory of evolution depends on individual differences B Wilhelm Wundt 1879Titchener 1893 1set up first lab of psychology in history 1new science 2 titchener 1frst american psychologist 2 started first psych program C Sir Francis Galton 1884 1humans must ve evolved from lower animals 2 individual differences run in families 3 anthropometric laboraotry 1weight age breathing capacity strength everything 1families 4 concluded that genetics do in fact run in families D William James 1890 Principles of Psychology 1regarded as greatest american psychologist E Sigmund Freud 1900 1becoming famous with ideas 1unconcious mind 2 focused on real peoples problems early childhood expenences 3 sexuality strongest issues F Ivan Pavlov 1920 s 1 physiologist 1 digestion of food with dogs 2 sidetracked into classical conditioning G John Watson 1913 1920 s 1 counter condition phobia 2 little albert 1produce a phobia and then be able to counteract the phobia V Ethical Issues Institutional Review Boards IRB 1 a study must be approved by IRB if human subjects want to be used Minimize risk 1not eliminate 1emotiona and physical harm Informed Consent 1ega matter 2 right to say yes or no Right to Privacy 1 based on ethics 2 cant look at individual results for each person Debne ng 1additional info after study is over Record Keeping Animal Research 1humane treatment L r Sil trancis bacon 1 ate1500s1600s 2 rst person to notice scienti c method 1 dont just accept things are true based on past knowledge design a test experiment to see if they are true a scienti c theory is never proven True Exneriment correlational Method 1 Randomly Divide Subjects into 2 or 1 Measure Two Variables more groups 2 Manipulate the Independent 2 Calculate the Relationship Variable 3 Measure the Dependent Variable Example Mean Coffee gp 75 bpm Example Pearson s correlation Mean no Coffee gp 90 65 bpm May infer that coffee CAUSED an Support for hypothesis but cannot increase in Heart Rate infer Causality Remember Correlation does not imply causation Correlational studies often have Directionality Problems andor Third variable problems


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