Week 4: It’s the Economy, not Race
Week 4: It’s the Economy, not Race GVPT289O
Popular in Racial and Ethnic Politics in the Obama Era
Popular in Department
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Kim on Saturday December 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GVPT289O at a university taught by Dr. Antoine Banks in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 45 views.
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Date Created: 12/12/15
GVPT2890 92215 Page 1 of 2 Lecture 5 It s the Economy Not Race Reading Bind Rep nominee to GW Bush and faltering economy gt winning strategy for Obama Dem rhetoric cast amalgam of McCainBushRepublicans as problem and electing Obama as remedy Three arguments Rep deregulation incestuous relations w lobbyists tax cutting and job outsourcing had jeopardized financial security of middleclass Americans Like Bush McCain was out of touch w concerns of country Electing McCain would mean more of the same Rep argument Obama s taxandspend liberalism would worsen conditions Obama an intimate suspect of individuals Past reeked of corrupt politics Economy most pressing issue Media primed belief that economy was in crisis gt magnify likelihood of voters choosing candidate they believe can fix it Heightened level of attention towards economy magnified agenda setting framing and priming effects of news consumption Dem argument Election of McCain means more of same economic philosophy Like Bush McCain out of touch w economic concerns of real people Reporters perception that economic matters weren t McCain s strong suit Recap Keys to Obama s Victory Racial Unity understood people on both sides of racial divide Build broad coalition of supporters Race played an important role in whites evaluation of Obama Tends to activate racial resentmentgt racial penalty Persuaded racial liberals to support him Prejudice was there but didn t have a greater negative effect in 2008 than in other elections Obama s message of racial unity Lecture Economy most important issue facing country at the time of election President Congress and media focused on economic collapse Focus was on who was solution to problem Obama and fellow Democrats framed economic crisis as Republicans as the problem and their policies as the solution Republican deregulation tax cuts for the most wealthy Americans and outsource put the country in jeopardy Electing McCain would get you the same policies Election of incumbent s party based on performance of economy and foreign policy Attributed bad shape of economy to Reps McCain out of touch w economic concerns of Americans Republicans are to blame for the economic crisis Electing McCain would mean same crIsIs McCain and his fellow Republicans wanted to frame the economic collapse as Obama s tax and spend policies would make matters worse GVPT2890 92215 Page 2 of 2 In January 2008 more people said Iraq WarTerrorism 25 was most important issue As we drew closer to election almost 70 said economy was most important Iraq War Terrorism 5 Media sets agenda says what issues are most important to focus on That s what people see as the most important issue facing the country Priming calling attention to some matters while ignoring others TV news influences the standards consideration info by which governments presidents policies and candidates for public office are judged Media makes certain considerationsinfo accessible in memory and people use this info when forming subsequent political judgements Issue most accessible in voters mind was economy in 2008 Obama s attacks of McCain on economy 1 McCain means more of the same economic policies Simply wants to give tax breaks to rich Supports companies that outsource Americans jobs He s in bed w lobbyists McCain voted w Bush 90 of the time Don t trust his judgement Not unique Most tend to vote wtheir parties but damaged McCain because Bush had such low approval ratings Obama had 95 voting record with Dem 2 McCain out of touch w economic concerns of Americans McCain s mishap statement that the fundamentals of our economy was strong Obama said same thing Obama and Dems were able to frame economic debate as McCain does not understand Americans economic pain 3 Republicans and Bush deserve the blame for economic collapse Rep philosophy of deregulation and their close tie to the financial sector and its lobbyist caused this crisis Trickle economy doesn t work Obama argued that this philosophy has failed us Bush said giving tax breaks to corporations and wealthy Americans would create a stronger economy Their prosperity would trickle down to Americans on main street Most people 35 blamed Republicans for economy gt Obama s message successful Over 50 of opposition believed Obama would be better at handling economy Country on wrong track TV and newspaper gt Economy most important problem gt Blame Republicans gt McCain equals Bush 3rd term gt Obama better at handling issues gt Obama favorabilityObama Vote GVPT2890 92415 Page 1 of 1 Lecture 6 It s the Economy Not Race Voters thought economic conditions worsened over past year Two important economic position issues macroeconomic policy priorities and fairness in tax policy Lecture Watched first 2008 presidential debate full video Obama constantly compared McCain to Bush Said McCain wanted to give tax cuts to wealthy Really tried to attack Republican philosophy Questioned fundamental principles of their economic philosophy Kept mentioning he was for middle working class Economy played important role in voter assessment in who to vote for Economic retrospective voting theory If the voters disapprove of the past economic conditions they vote against the incumbent party This theory should explain Obama s victory in 2008 When people decide to vote on economic policy vote in nation s interest not selfinterest Retrospective economic measure 94 said country s economy got worse over past year Doesn t play well for incumbent party Economy could be viewed as position issue Disagreement in public about which economic policies would lead to healthy economy Two position issues unemployment and fairness in tax policy 43 said unemployment was most important macroeconomic issue Flat tax Pay same amount in taxes 68 who thought economy had gotten worse over past year voted for Obama 72 of those who thought unemployment was number 1 macroeconomic priority voted for Obama 84 of those who thought president was responsible for economy s bad shape voted for Obama Perception of economy played an important role in deciding election for Obama Voters who perceived economy was in worse shape supported Obama Voters who thought unemployment was most important issue supported Obama Voters who thought rich should pay more in taxes supported Obama Voters who attributed responsibility for economic crisis to Pres Bush supported Obama Obama s campaign deracialized Focused on economy Race played a role but it was still about politics
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