Week 11: Who’s Drinking the Tea
Popular in Racial and Ethnic Politics in the Obama Era
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Kim on Saturday December 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GVPT289O at a university taught by Dr. Antoine Banks in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views.
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Date Created: 12/12/15
GVPT2890 111015 Page 1 of 2 Lecture 17 Who s Drinking the Tea Activists motivated and thought that government wasn t listening to them Since the movement began pundits and scholars have vigorously debated the composition of the Tea Party Parker and Barreto ask who are the Tea Party supporters And why do they support the Tea Party movement Parker and Barreto found that 55 of their sample in 2010 supported the Tea Party In 2011 support went down to 52 showing very little decrease over the year From 2010 to 2011 opposition to the Tea Party stayed the same but there was 10 increase in percentage of those who strongly disapproved of the party Parker and Barreto found that 2 said that they would join the Tea Party even though 55 said that they believed in the Tea Party ideology Parker and Barret found that only 7 of respondents participated in Tea Party activities protesting donations etc This percentage is small but isn t abnormal Usually 10 of the general population participates in activities Which people are most supportive of the Tea Party Parker and Barreto compared the Tea Party to racially intolerant groups like the KKK and the John Burch Society which advocated for limited government and fiscal responsibility Social demographic variables Evangelical Protestant White educated older and wealthy individuals Shows that they weren t representative of the general population Tea Party was a small disgruntled faction of the Republican Party Parker and Barreto found that 84 of supporters are White 43 of supporters are 4564 years old 60 of supporters are men Women are more likely to be skeptics of the Tea Party 53 of supporters are Evangelical Protestant Some groups such as the NAACP accused them of inciting outgroup bigotry They sated that Tea Party groups have given a a platform to antiSemites racists and bigots and unleashed a still inchoate political movement who are in the numerical majority angry middleclass white people who believe their country their nation has been taken from them Political variables smaller government ideologically conservative and Republican Intolerance variables racist homophobia authoritarianism social dominance and ethnocentrism Anxiety about Obama fear of the change Obama symbolizes People who had a fear of Obama or believed in racism or social dominance were 15 percentage points to support the Tea Party Who supports the Tea Party White older born again males are more likely to support the Tea Party People who are fearful of Obama are more likely to support the Tea Party People who support smaller government identify as Republican or conservative are more likely to support the Tea Party People who hold negative attitudes of racial and ethnic minorities are more likely to support the Tea Party GVPT2890 111015 Page 2 of 2 People who watch conservative media outlets are more likely to support the Tea Party National Sample Tea Party Supporters vs Nonsupporters National data on social characteristics and political attitudes of Tea Party supporters vs nonsupporters supported Parker and Barreto s claims National Sample Tea Party Supporters vs Other Republicans Tended to be more religious than other Republicans Tended to have a stronger Republican identity than other Republicans Had stronger views of Obama and had much more opposition to liberal policies than other Republicans Tea Party wasn t simply a mirror image of the Republican Party It was an ultra conservative faction of the Republican Party that not only wanted to challenge Democrats but also more moderate Republicans GVPT2890 111315 Page 1 of 2 Lecture 18 Who s Drinking the Tea Note Class was cancelled on Thursday so the lecture slides were given out on Friday in discussion Obamaphobia Parker and Barreto argue that Obamaphobia is a main driver of support for the Tea Party Obamaphobia the belief that America is becoming unrecognizable The country is changing and escaping their grasp This phobia transcends policy disagreements eg tax policy or government expansion or attitudes about racial and ethnic groups Tea Partiers believe that Barack Obama is bent on destroying the country Obamaphobia reflects their concern that country is changing and this is symbolized w election of Obama They are anxious of whether they are losing their country Particularly older wealthy white males are concerned about their place in society with the election of Obama Emergence of the Tea Party The emergence of the Tea Party has mainly been attributed to Rick Santelli s outburst criticizing the Obama administration Parker and Barreto argue that the Tea Party is simply a reaction to Obama particularly a conservative reaction From this several tea party organizations emerged Brendan Steinhauser makes the movement more organized in national in character by developing a 10step instructional plan Prior to the 2008 Election we didn t see much Tea Party activity on the web To determine Tea Party activity they looked at Google searches for the name Tea party It mainly resulted right after Obama took office in January You also see a spike happening around Tea Party rallies and debates over the passage of the ACA We also see conspiracy theories begin to rise about Obama during the rise of the Tea Party A question is how did their concerns about the economy translate into this conspiracy thinking ideology when it came to Obama Was this just right wing media influencing this group to take a more radical position Views of the Tea Party vs nonTea Party Conservatives Parker and Barreto also examine whether Tea Party conservative supporters differ in their views toward Barack Obama from nonTea Party conservatives If the Tea Party movement is an ultraconservative group that despises the change Obama symbolizes their supports should have more negative views toward him than nonTea Party conservatives So far we looked at who is likely to support the Tea Party and what are some of their motivations Whether that be race or ideology But Parker and Barreto are interested in what is the relationship between Tea Party support and Obama First they looked at presidential character traits to see whether they differed from nonTea Party conservatives What they find is that Tea Party conservatives had much more negative views of Obama than nonTea Party conservatives It showed that they had a very negative view of him as a person regardless of his policies They are also likely to believe in the conspiracy theories floating around that Obama is a Muslim and that he is not born in the US These birthers remain true today That is they still don t believe that is an American citizen A lot of this can be explained by motivated reasoning GVPT2890 111315 Page 2 of 2 Explanation of Tea Party Views What about Tea Party explains their support for Obama Is it being largely driven by ideology outgroup prejudice Parker and Barreto argue that it s neither There are several possible explanations for why people evaluate Obama negatively Evaluations of Obama are simply about partisanship and ideology Evaluations of Obama could be derived by outgroup hostility What about the Tea Party Evaluations of Obama is being driven by the perception that they are losing the country Parker and Barreto argue that Tea Partiers are simply reactionary conservatives Tea Partiers are reacting to the change in this country that is symbolized by the election of Obama Controlling for party affiliation ideology and racism the Tea Party still has an effect even when controlling for these other factors It also has the largest effect If you are part of the Tea Party you are a lot more likely to hate Obama Parker and Barreto argue that the Tea Party movement isn t about race or difference in ideology It s about fear of a changing country which is symbolized by the election of Obama They hate Obama because the symbolizes change which is something that they fear and are uncomfortable with
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