Week 14: Immigration During Obama’s Presidency
Week 14: Immigration During Obama’s Presidency GVPT289O
Popular in Racial and Ethnic Politics in the Obama Era
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Kim on Saturday December 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GVPT289O at a university taught by Dr. Antoine Banks in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views.
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Date Created: 12/12/15
GVPT289O 12115 Page 1 of 1 Lecture Immigration During Obama s Presidency Immigration Policy Since the 1965 immigration act the antiimmigrant rhetoric has been intense and contentious Party leaders activists and scholars have fought over how immigration should be framed For example is immigration policy eg legalization amnesty or path to citizenship Framing process by which a communication source such as a news organization defines and constructs a political issue or public controversy Nelson et al 1997 567 How an issue or event eg KKK rallyis framed can shape how supportive the public is of that issue or event Framing Immigration What termslabels does the media use to describe immigrants Illegal immigrant People have crossed the border or maintained their presence in the country beyond the terms set by the current immigration laws Undocumented immigrant people not having appropriate legal documents pro immigrants like this term They think this term is less politically charged Unauthorized immigrant People who reside in the US but whose status is not that of US citizen Conservatives tend to be more tough on immigration so they re more likely to use illegal immigrants Meorolla and her colleagues suspect that conservative media outlets are more likely than liberal media outlets to use the term illegal immigrant in their news stories about immigration Washington Post considered more liberal newspaper Most news outlets don t use undocumented or unauthorized immigrants They use illegal mainly Conservative news outlets more likely to use illegal than unauthorized or undocumented than liberal news outlets but even so overall illegal immigrants is the term mainly used People to tend to be unsupportive of legalization and birthright citizenship in general regardless of how immigration is framed illegal undocumented unauthorized How as the media framed immigration policy eg legalization Proponents for tougher immigration laws have framed the policy debate as amnesty When legalization is framed as amnesty people are less likely to support the policy When birthright citizenship is framed as part of the Constitution people are more likely to support the policy Deportations Under the Obama administration deportations have reached record levels In 2009 the administration deported close to 400000 immigrants About 81 of the nations undocumented immigrants are of Hispanic origin In 2010 Hispanics accounted for 97 of the immigrants deported Summary How an immigration policy is framed amnesty vs path to citizenship can shape how supportive the public will be of that issue How an issue is framed can determine how supportive the public is How immigrants are described matter little in people s support for immigration GVPT2890 12315 Page 1 of 2 Lecture Guest Speaker Janelle Wong Net loss The number of Mexican immigrants coming to the US has fallen below the number heading back to their home country From 20092014 net migration from Mexico was 140000 Growth in unauthorized immigration has leveled off Immigration Policy Under Obama Increased enforcementSW border apprehensions of Mexican nationals slowed from 1 million in FY 2005 falling to a historic low More deportations Most returning to their homeland by choice Immigration Context Immigration numbers leveling off especially from Mexico Majority of immigrants entering US each year since 2011 from Asia Immigrants increasingly longterm residents Demographers anticipate more immigration from India in future years because of higher birth rates and younger population 40 of all immigrants have lived in the US for 20 years or more What is Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals DACA Passed June 2012 by executive action Provides temporary relief from deportation Gives twoyear work permit to qualifying young adults ages 15 to 30 who were brought to the US illegally as children 15 million What is executive action Informal directive Criteria Have arrived in US prior to age 16 Have continuously resided in the US without legal status since June 15 2007 ie recent migrants can t qualify Be less than age 31 as of June 15 2012 and at least age 15 at application Be currently enrolled in school have graduated high school or obtained a GED or be an honorably discharged veteran Have not been convicted of a felony or multiple of serious misdemeanors and not pose a threat to national security or public safety 2014 Executive Action Expanded DACA and DAPA Have continuously resided in the US without legal status since 2010 original DACA was 2007 Can be any age original DACA said had to be under age 31 in 2010 Deferred Action for Parents of Childhood Arrivals DAPA parent of US citizen or permanent resident Are DACAbeneficiaries citizens or permanent residents Expanded Executive Action Programs Might include up to 4 million people Does not make them eligible for permanent residence or citizenship If next President doesn t like this policy he doesn t have to keep it GVPT2890 12315 Page 2 of 2 Obama also announced more border security and deportation of those who commit crimes Executive actions challenged due to its cost and exceeding presidential power
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