GPOSC Ch. 10 Congress
GPOSC Ch. 10 Congress GPOSC 225
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Andie Gargiulo on Sunday December 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GPOSC 225 at James Madison University taught by TIm LaPira in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see U.S. Government in Political Science at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 12/13/15
GPOSC Lecture Chapter 10 Congress Geographic Trends The Effects of Population Growth & Air Conditioning US Population Demography • 2010 Census: 308,747,161 people -‐ Mean congressional district: 709,764 • 2013 Census: 316,148,990 people -‐ Mean congressional district 726,779 • 202 Census: 333,896,000 people -‐ Mean congressional district: 767,577 Size of House of Representative à growing with population but is steady at present time Hypothetical 1: Constitutional Solution • 10,292 members of Congress Hypothetical 2L: Cube Root Solution • 676 members of Congress (we have 435) -‐ Essentially adopted this until 1910 US Population Demography • 2010 Census Subpopulations: -‐ 18 year old or older; 76.3% -‐ Females: 50.8% -‐ Black: 13.1% -‐ Hispanic/Latino: 16.7% -‐ White: 63% • Trend of women candidates in Congress has increased in both parties • African Americans in Congress: rapid increase in the Democratic party -‐ Senate is still very white • Congress however is becoming less male and less white and turning towards a more diverse wave Ideological Trends Where have the moderates gone? There are no more moderates: • Party loyalty (Senate)à most of the party members vote along with what their party leaders want. • Ideal points: a primer -‐ Old English Aye or Nay Roll Call 1 Roll Call 2 Roll Call 3 Roll Call 4 A Aye Aye Aye Aye +4 / 4 = 1 B Aye Nay Aye Nay 0 / 4 = 0 C Nay Aye Nay Nay -‐2 / 4 = -‐0.5 D Nay Nay Nay Nay -‐4 / 4 = -‐1 The House and the Senate have both become more party polarized Constitutional Provisions for House and Senate members: (Numbers are in years; for example qualifications means 25 years old (House) and 30 years old (Senate)).
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