Weeks Thirteen and Fourteen: Colonialism in the 20th century
Weeks Thirteen and Fourteen: Colonialism in the 20th century History 370
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Monday December 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 370 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. J. McCarthy in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see History of the Caribbean in History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 12/14/15
Colonialism in the 20th Century Caribbean and the United States Katie Albritton Study Soup Early 20th century thoughts on colonialism Europeans seen as less superior Zulu Wars 18808 RussoJapanese War 190405 Russia loses is embarrassed Boer War 18981902 South Africa horrible brutality by the British over diamonds Titanic sinks 1912 Unsinakable ship sinks on first voyage WWI carnage 19141918 Poison gases new ri es barbed wire Deplorable Depression 192830S Seemed to signal end of western capitalism and democracy WWII unprecedented horror 193945 Do I even need to say anything Okay Death camps genocide the brutality doesn39t stop Hobson colonies not costeffective 1900 Exploration finished enthusiasm wanes polar expeditions Better investments in first world Russia industry commerce Human rights movements socialisms labor Gaining traction throughout the world France Tariffs protect FR colonial sugar Keeps colonies tied to the motherland Beet sugar being developed in France Peasant societies develop Martinique Guadeloupe Immigration to Carib colonies trickles ends Focus on Indochine Africa 3d Republic brings reforms Universal male suffrage 1871 Blacks can be elected to local councils Schools expand taken over from Church by government Famous Lycee St Pierre estab Martinique 1882 Mt Pelee erupts 1902 much destruction Martinique 30K dead Netherlands West India Company disbanded 1791 Slave trade ended 1814 slavery 1863 Surinam remains agriculture Much leeward trade moves to St Thomas BVI Curacao trades with Venezuela Aruba Bonaire produce more aloe Royal Dutch shell oil production in region Ven Oil refined at Aruba Curacao 1916 Standard oil of NJ in Aruba 1929 Germans overrun Netherlands WWII Queen Wilhelmina in exile in London promises autonomy Queen Juliana makes overseas territory equal to home 1954 Britain Crown colonies Some Will get elective councils All except Barbados Imperial department of Agriculture for the West Indes 1898 Barbados Trade increased With Canada Britain favors India US favors Cuba Philippines Canada gives favored status to BWI sugar 1897 Education excellent schools Barbados 97 literacy BWI regiments WWI Soldiers respected become traveled sophisticated World War I Original West India Regiment created 1795 Single battalion after 1888 Regular part of army BWI WWI regiment Fought mostly in Palestine Returnees sophisticated Indes haves stake in empire Fought for their country Continued Emigration From 1900 often to New York London Bristol Paris Officially discouraged by Costa Rica Honduras El Salvador Cuba Venezuela Chile Colombia Sun Yat Sen39s father from Trinidad First president of Chinese Republic Marcus Garvey 18871940 from Jamaica lived in UK NYC Supports PanAfricanism Black Nationalism f UNIA United Negro Improvement Association 1914 f Black Star Line to transport blacks to Africa f Negro World newspaper NYC 1918 Great Depression US and UK economics most deeply affected HawleySmoot Tariff Does not permit Cuban sugar into US French colonies unaffected Pulls US deeply into self UK also Reliance on food and cash crops Efforts to streamline trade Coordinate banana production Bananas newly popular internationally shipping Labor and Colonial Nationalism Int39l movement big 1890s 1920s Seen as next step to black populism Unrest in Caribbean 19351938 Trinidad Trade Union 1932 Trinidad hunger march 1933 Violence St Kitts St Vincent 1935 Trinidad oil field strikes 1937 Buzz Butler Barbados looting 13 killed 500 arrested 1937 British Guyana St Lucia sugar workers riot 1937 Jamaica riots in sugar fields Kingston 1938 Labor and Politics CLR James Black Jacobins pub 1938 Eric Williams Trinidad Marxist PM pub Capitalism and Slavery Parties founded 1930s 40s Jamaica People39s National Party Norman Manley Barbados Progressive League Grantly Adams Trinidad West Indian Nationalist Party Unions founded 1930s 40s Jamaica Industrial Union Alexander Bustamente Trinidad Oil Field Workers Trade Union British Guyana Manpower and Citizens39 Association Barbados Barbados Workers Union Grantly Adams Labor Congress of the West Indes and British Guyana 1938 Demands Suffrage nationalize utilities small plantations social legislation Health insurance pension minimum wage etc WWII US alliance with great Britain US naval in Caribbean ports waters airfields US monitoring Trinidad oil production AngloAmerican Caribbean Commission 1944 Vichy vs Free French Islands amp Cayenne support free French 1950s Cold War Aime Cesaire Discourse on Colonialism 1950 Pandung Conference 1957 Sukarno f Nonaligned Nations Try to obviate Cold War polarity Do not want to be involved in Cold War Segue to independence Most UK colonies independent by 1989 Nonviolent US in the Caribbean 20th Century Platt Amendment 1901 New Constitution Cuba US troops out if Guantanamo Bay to US Roosevelt Corollary 1904 to Monroe Doctrine Increased entitlement Highways built 1920s Elections permissible If US approves of winner Approves of Estrada Palma Machado System appears to work well The Great Depression and Cuba HawleySmoot Tariff IE USA abandons Cuban sugar Liberal Democracy finished US pulls back on occupations Cuba DR Haiti US irts with socialism New Deal Good Neighbor Policy replaces overt intervention Caribbean and Latin America Fulgencio Batista In 19331959 Strongman then president Out 19441948 Chaos stringpulling Seized power 1952 takes over banks Failed revolutions Castros 1952 1956 Heyday of Cuban resorts music mambo dance Cubans and USA tire of disaffection declining living standard Take over of free press Cuban Revolution Revolution succeeds 1959 Bay of Pigs invasion fails 1961 Cuban exiles and US marines USSR Castro visits Kruschev 1961 Cuba overtly communist Foreign assets seized nationalized Missile Crisis Nov 1962 Nuclear War threatened Cuba backs down after blockade Antinuclear proliferation treaties 1963 Americans British Soviets Attempts at increasing harvest international workers 1967 Aid from Soviet Union military and otherwise Communist Cuba Repression detentions of dissidents Escapes Mariel Boatlift 1970 Support for socialist side of Angola After Portuguese Revolution 1974 Angolan Civil War Algeria Vietnam Day care female equality Medical care worldrenowned excellence End of Cold War in Europe isolates Special Period Standard of living tumbles Isolation after Soviet Union falls in 1991 Dominican Republic