Week 15 Notes
Popular in History of Rock and Roll
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cynthia Bressler on Monday December 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Music 170 at Kansas State University taught by Dr. Maxwell in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 12/14/15
Week 15 Notes The Police • Well known for strong reggae influence on their style o Complex drumming of Stuart Copeland o Literary lyrics of Sting o Tons of atmospheric guitar from Andy Summers I Want my MTV (1980-‐1990) • Beatles made the first promotional videos o They were tiring of the strain of touring and live performances o Videos could be sent to TV stations rather than making a live appearance Promotional Videos • Short one-‐song films to promote a song • Cable TV as a necessity o In areas where antenna transmission was unsatisfactory o Hilly or mountainous area o Cable television developed during the 1970s o Specialty channels appeared o Customers were required to pay for the service § Critics believed no one would pay for TV § Home Box Office (HBO) proved critics wrong 2 approaches • MTV would hsow only promotional videos made by record labels • MTV would show videos that explored the creative aspects of the medium MTV premiered on August 1, 1981 First video shown: the Buggles video “Video killed the Radio Star” The growth of MTV • MTV had its biggest audience wherever HBO channels succeeded o Mainly in Midwest o MTV played videos by white mainstream rock artists • MTV did sell advertising o Their programming was directed at advertisers’ target audience MTV & Michael Jackson • In early 1983, Michael Jackson’s “Billie Jean” was climbing the pop charts • MTV refused to play Jackson’s video o They believed viewers would not watch because Jackson is black • Record companies soon considered videos to be crucial promotional tools o MTV began to rival FM radio as the place to make or break hit records Michael Jackson • Began with his brothers on Motown records • Also released solo singles: “Ben” (1972) • Michael Jackson in video age o Immense success with the album Thriller (1983) o Thriller contained 3 crossover singles § “Billy Jean”, “Beat It”, “The Girl is Mine” o Bad (1987) contained four hit singles • Jackson produced an extended video for “Thriller” o Directed by Hollywood’s John Landis o State-‐of-‐the-‐art special effects o Voice-‐over by horror movie icon Vincent Prince • Became “King of Pop” Madonna • Depended as much on the visual aspect of her music as the sound • Worked as a dancer in NY with professional dance troupes • First recording were successful in the NY dance club scene • 1984 debut Madonna contained two hit singles o “Borderline”, “Lucky Star” • Like a Virgin was her big hit album Madonna’s music • Often driven by a dance beat • Madonna has played an active creative role on many of her albums o Songwriter credits o Production credits Prince • Was 2 to Michael Jackson & never had a #1 album in the 1980s • Used blatant sexual images • Musical roots are in the black pop and funk of the 1970s • One of the most prolific artists of the 1980s • Frequently played all the instruments, reminiscent of Stevie Wonder • Controlled his projects like George Clinton did • The album 1999 • Critically acclaimed feature film and soundtrack in 1984, Purple Rain British pop on MTV • MTV marketing power quickly grew o MTV generated success for new British artists § Bow Wow Wow § A Flock of Seagulls § Duran Duran The continuing development of New Wave U2 • Formed in Ireland o Simple songs o Poetic quality in singer Bono’s lyrics o Lead Guitarist The Edge creates rich guitar textures College rock underground University of Georgia • College rock started in Athens, Georgia o Home of university of Georgia o R.E.M. formed in Athens, Georgia o The band was involved in the origin of the college rock scene R.E.M. • Led by guitarist Peter Buck and vocalist Michael Stipe • Inspiration from late 1970s new wave The rise of heavy metal • Origin of the name is unclear o Steppenwolf song lyric “Born to be wild…Heavy metal thunder” o Became a very good selling genre, also ironically at the same time rap was AC/DC • Influenced by the British blues revival • Powerful guitar playing by Angus Young • High raspy vocals by Bon Scott (replaced by Brian Johnson) • Formed in Australia in 1973 and built their popularity there Heavy metal image • “Headbanger” was a nickname for fans o Allusion to unsophisticated character o Blue-‐collar white audience • Parodies of the heavy metal fan and music style o Wayne’s World skits on SNL o Spinal Tap film o Bevis and Butthead animated MTV series British heavy metal • General characteristics of all British Heavy Metal bands in 1980s o Guitar driven o Emphasis on flashy songs Mötorhead • 1970s band that influenced 1980s metal LA heavy metal • LA had established itself as a place that succeeded in the heavy metal industry • Van Halen o personality clashes in the band btw/ Eddie Van Halen & singer David Lee Roth o Last album ft. Roth was 1984 o Sammy Hagar replaced Roth in 1985 Motley Crüe • Featuring singer Vince Neil • Drummer Tommy Lee • Several successful albums throughout the decade o First successful album Shout at the Devil (1983) Speed metal, thrash metal, and the hippie aesthetic Metallica • More serious minded • Focus on musicianship • Their music referred to as “speed metal” • Formed in LA, moved to San Fran • The album Metallica (1991) o Est. them as one of the most important heavy metal bands o Includes “Enter Sandman” Nirvana • Most important band in Seattle’s grunge scene • Played their first shows in Olympia, Washington • Led by singer/songwriter/guitarist Kurt Cobain • Their music rejected the entire rock star apparatus • Debut album Nevermind was released late 1991 o Single “Smells like Teen Spirit” (1991) was hugely successful o Began the movement called alternative rock • Next two albums went to number one in the states and UK o In Utero (1993) o Unplugged in New York (1994) • Nirvana’s career ended with Cobain’s suicide in April 1994 History repeats itself • 1990s rock & it’s relationship to the past o Dance music o Teen idols o Singer-‐songwriters o Roots rock o Rhythm & blues Rise of classic rock • Teens and college-‐age interest in rock from previous decade o Discovery of styles through availability of older recordings § Parents’ record collections § Radio stations playing “classic rock” formatted programming The CD • Lasted longer than Records • More reliable sound Classic rock on FM Radio • Drawback: new artists had difficulty competing with classic rock VH-‐1 and the rise of the rockumentary • Debuted in 1985 o Focus was on baby boomers’ tastes in music styles o Struggled for the first decades • The “pop-‐up video” o Introduced in 1966 New artists appeared who embraced classic rock styles and sounds Sheryl Crow • Based in LA • Vocal style derived from Roger McGuinn and Tom Petty • Country-‐rock accompaniment • 1993 album Tuesday Nigh Music Club Jamming Bands • Reputations developed out of live shows o Large underground culture in the US supported by various factions § Clubs usually located in college towns Dave Mathews Band • Instrumental prowess of Phish and Widespread panic • Had album success Divas • Performed songs written by professional songwriters • Albums were also among the best-‐selling of the decade • Whitney Houston, Mariah Carey Return of the “Made for pre-‐teen girls” stars Teen Idols Backstreet Boys • Early success in Europe • Heavy investment into marketing them in the US ‘N Sync • Direct competitors with Backstreet Boys • Two members were alumni of TV show the New Mickey Mouse Club Britney Spears • Also worked on Mickey Mouse • Inspired by Madonna’s control over her image Christina Aguilera • Also worked on Mickey Mouse • Early hits began in 1988 Fusion of rap with rock • Rage Against the Machine o Blend of punk rock, rap, heavy metal, & funk o Political lyrics Nine Inch Nails • San Fran based composer Trent Reznor • Writes & performs the music himself • Style often called “industrial” o Rhythmic grooves sound like they’re made by large factory machines o Lyrics explore the grotesque darker side of the psyche Beck • First release, “Loser” was on indie label Bongload in 1993 • Singed with Geffen Records-‐a major label • Negotiated a special deal allowing him to also release records on indie labels Napster & the Mp3 • Napster started in 1999 o Shut down in 2001 o Legal actions from bands including Metallica o Bought out and reformed as pay-‐for company iTunes • Started by Apple in 2001 • Next generation of Portable music listening • Entire library of music with you • Moving back to the ‘single’ format Technology in digital age • Technology allows elaborate enhancement of the indie artist Do-‐It-‐Yourself Attitude • XM Radio American Idol • Brought back the Teen Idol (again!) • Similar popularity to American Band Stand • Numerous contestants went on to have big careers Artists are now able to produce and distribute their own music • Can bypass record labels entirely o Colbie Caillat • Disadvantage • Internet is too vast to find anything Guitar Hero • Brought young audiences to classic rock music • Brought many styles back Hip hop turns Pop What now? • How bands use Technology o Radiohead: In Rainbows o Coldplay: single • New takes on old themes Teen idols (AGAIN!!) • Bubble gum music of today • Always a place in the industry • One Direction, Justin Bieber Streaming • Spotify, Pandora, iTunes
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