Module 10 Notes
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paula Ramirez on Saturday April 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH253 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Jenny Tucker in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views.
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Date Created: 04/02/16
Module 10 Notes Part 1: 18701900: Photography and Impressionism Includes Photography, Impressionism, PostImpressionism, and Findesiecle Growing relationships outside of one’s own country; traveling increases LouisJacquesMande Daguerre Still Life in Studio 1837, Daguerrotype, Photography Earliest photographic process in which flash of light freezes image onto a chemically treated plate The Daguerrotypes were unique and one of a kind. Incredibly long exposure time that was eventually drastically reduced Sitter had to remain still for the amount of the exposure time in Daguerrotypes Many argued they couldn’t see it for artistic purposes; it would be good for documentation and archives Daumier’s view contraptions to keep your head still; avoid a blurry image The Modernization of Paris Occurred from 18531870 Commissioned by Napoleon III Built by Baron Haussmann, civic planner Complete demolition of medieval Paris New avenues, boulevards, gridsystem Focus on Industry, Capitalism, Opulence Modernism Realizing the relativism of age ‘An attempt by artists to capture the images and sensibilities of their age. It goes beyond the simple dealings with the present and involves the artist’s critical examination of the premises of art itself.’ Modernism focuses on movement, contingency, conspicuous consumption Conspicuous outward display; consumption consuming of goods Charles Baudelaire Critic of photography Wrote, The Painter of Modern Life “Modernity is the transitory, the fugitive, the contingent.” Identifies that fashion, makeup is modern among other things Impressionism The art of industrialized, modernized, urbanized Paris Reaction to brutal chaos of modern life Claude Monet Impression Sunrise 1872, Impressionism coined the term “impressionism” only gives impression of the scene and nothing more sketchy quality colors dancing on the water embraces the symptoms of impressionism Rouen Cathedral: The Portral (in Sun) 1894, Impressionism 1 of 40+ views of paintings by Monet extensive study of light Monet would paint the same scene at all different times of day determined how light can change the mood and environment of a scene SaintLazare Train Station 1877, Impressionism dominant, contemporary urban scene quick, hurried life; haze; huge building in background Symptoms of Impressionism Abbreviation, speed, spontaneity There is no attempt to disguise brushstrokes Captures the artist’s immediate response to a scene Scientific study of light and color Plein Air: to paint in the ‘openair.’ Gustave Caillebotte Paris: A Rainy Day 1877, Impressionism How is this an Impressionist painting? subject matter: rapid, urban scene of industry and huge avenues; figures placed randomly in the work; use of symmetry PierreAuguste Renoir Le Moulin de la Galette 1876, Impressionism image of leisure (dining, dancing, opera, ballet) dancehall chaos; viewer is almost allowed to be a participant splotches of light> giveaway its Renoir The CaféConcert located in Northern part of Paris Bohemian district Edouard Manet Bar at the FoliesBergere 1882, Impressionism popular nightclub barmaid (Victorine Meurent) placed within a painting; blank look on face; appears lost or divorced by her activity mirror reflection; pictorial structure; dissecting principals of painting hourglass shape of figure; flower arrangement attached to clothing; man approaches to woman; shape mimics shape of models; flower arrangmenet mimcs one on bar; Is she an object to be available? Edgar Degas includes a lot of images of leisure The Rehearsal 1874, Impressionism ballet (Degas was fascinated by ballet and opera) Japonisme: The French fascination with all things Japanese influence came from Japanese prints: flatness; divergent lines; special relationship; linear quality The Tub 1886, Impressionism Japonisme woman bathing in bathtub intimate depiction of life linear quality but flat next to her on right is shelf of some type; shelf seems to be on same plane as woman pastel (medium Degas would use) Mary Cassatt American exPatriot subject matter were intimate depictions of interior; women & domestic scenes The Bath 1892, Impressionism Japonesme patterning: enveloped in overlapping patterns; indictive of Japonese influences Part 2 18701900 PostImpressionism PostImpressionism A reaction to Impressionism Called Impressionism a “Blind Alley” Felt it lacked depth Wanted to get back to the formal qualities of art Line, pattern, form and color; narrative PostImpressionism is rooted in Impressionism, but still a departure …. How so? Subject matter remains similar but with new approaches As artists began to explore line, pattern, color, form, they began to experiment with them. Henri de ToulouseLautrec Closest to the impressionists in many way Attempted to capture sensibilities of modern life Satirical aspect to his work Suffered from stunted growth disease possibility due to incest; caused him to be exiled from society; became a nightdweller of Paris Much of his works are café scenes At the Moulin Rouge 18921895, PostImpressionism night café; café concert influences from Degas and linear quality of Japonesme Obscured, glaring, artificial light Sense of corruptness, of chaos, of cruelty of faces; masklike faces Rooted in impressionism in subject matter Postimpressionist investigation and experimentation of color & figure treatment Georges Seurat A Sunday on La Grande Jatte 18841886, PostImpressionism impressionist subject matter; scene of leisure scientifically based experimentation with color makes it postimpressionist “green grass” have dots of blue and orange; contemporary colors when place next to one another, they create volume & enhance image experimenting with shape; circular shape of hats, boat, umbrella, clothing,etc. Pointillism: devised by Seurat. Achieved by separating colors and then applying to the canvas in tiny dots. image comprehensive from a distance once dots have blurred Vincent Van Gogh Dutchborn artist with collection of art now residing in Amsterdam His personal strife, having never reach success, epitomizes his body of art; never sold any paintings He was mentally ill, possibly suffering from acute anxiety or schizophrenia He killed himself at age of 37 by shooting himself. He epitomizes the suffering artist; troubled artist; art/life dilemma Expressionism: As opposed to a scientific investigation of color, Van Gogh investigated the emotional capabilities of color. He asked the question: how can color emote (have emotions)? Evoke feelings? The Letters of Van Gogh and Theo Vincent and his brother Theo were faithful pen pals. In these letters, Van Gogh described many of his paintings in great detail. For example, he wrote that he was determined to “use color to express himself forcibly.” These letters also serve as a thorough archive of his life, emotions, and illness. The Night Café 1888, Postimpressionism visual embodiment of Van Gogh’s investigation of a café at Arles Vincent wrote about the painting in a letter to his brother stating, it “conveys a place where one can ruin oneself, go mad, or commit a crime.” There is an oppressive quality of the painting How or where do you see Madness? reflected in the colors; vivid juxtaposed hues with fierce diagonal lines expressive colors, but also expressive brushstrokes: thickness, intense, slapdash impasto technique… look up in textbook, refers to Van Gogh’s paint application Starry Night 1889, PostImpressionism Van Gogh painted this work the year before his death It does not depict an actual view, but rather the feeling of the atmosphere there is a vastness of space, galaxies, exploding stars with earth and humanity below How is it Expressionist? The color: Blue embodying sadness, depression The thick combative brushstrokes employ intensity of feelings The chaos of the atmosphere suggests his mental health at this time: a loss of reality or clarity Part 3 18701900: Findesiecle Findesiecle th French for ‘end of century’ and refers to the art created during the end of the 19 century Includes Symbolism, Art Nouveau, Realist Sculpture th indicative of confusion that emerged at the end of the 19 century Gustave Moreau Jupiter and Semele 1875, Symbolism Symbolism stemmed out of Impressionism & PostImpressionism to rely on subjectivity as oppose to objectivity objectivity is a literal interpretation Group of artists who no longer wanted to imitate nature; in favor of fantasy; inject imagination; stand outside of convention Inspired by dreams within the remote world Rural hall of Olympus (meeting hall of the Gods) Eye is drawn to the center interaction of Jupiter & Semele whimsical imagery Odilon Redon The Cyclops 1898, Symbolism fascinated with The Imaginary juxtaposed with whimsical pastels looking on with a loving gaze dreamy image; linked to symbolist imagery Edvard Munch Tormented by life; suffered depression Theme: explored the angst of the modern man The Scream 1893, Symbolism Expressionist use of form & color Humans are powerless against natural forces of life jealousy, fear, despair Man standing on bridge; screams; grips face Serious departure from reality “I stopped and leaned against the balustrade, almost dead with fatigue. Above the blueblack fiord hung the clouds, red as blood and tongues of fire. My friends had left me, and alone, trembling with anguish I became aware of the vast, infinite cry of nature. Originally titled “Despair” Auguste Rodin Leading French sculptor Fascinated by the human form Many works achieved emotional expressiveness Walking Man 1905, Realist Sculpture Bronze Over life sized Focus on motion Less than perfect image forces viewer to investigate it more Burghers of Calais 18841889, FindeSiecle Hyperrealist sculpture Narrative commemorating martyrs during 100 years war; their “offer of death” English attacked Calais; leaders offered their lives to save the city example of a monument embodies emotions when you learned the news of your death antiheroic images too unconventional; not traditional enough lack of pedestal forces viewer to look into their eyes; makes it more intimate and more expressive when viewer participates in it They are actually spared. People of Calais still wanted to commemorate it.