Week 1 Notes
Week 1 Notes AMS 231
Popular in Contemporary America
Popular in American Studies
verified elite notetaker
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Matt Owens on Monday December 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AMS 231 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Stacy Morgan in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Contemporary America in American Studies at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 12/14/15
Matt Owens 82515 Contemporary America The 1960 s Legacy quotVictory Culturequot Assumptions USA is the unparalleled military might USA is the principal force for good on the global stage Loyalty to quotGod amp Countryquot would lead to ever greater prosperity US leaders were of high moral character Jerry Rubin and the 196039s Counterculture Counterculture Opting out of mainstream society 0 Opposed to Conformity Materialism Racial Inequality War in Vietnam 0 Don t want to follow the 39typical American dream39 0 Dominated by young adult 0 People questioned their beliefs because quotAmerica had it so goodquot 0 Older generation experienced Great Depression clashed with younger generation had it all 0 Used very similar tactics that the Civil Rights Movement used Hippies Majority were young adults 0 Sex drugs and rock amp roll 0 Building alternative institutions 0 Communes o Coops Key events 0 1967 quotSummer of Lovequot San Francisco 0 1969 Woodstock upstate New York Hippies vs New Left Hippies 0 College aged youth 0 Ditch the system 39drop out change your lifestyle 0 39Summer of Love 1967 o Woodstock 1969 0 New Left College aged youth Change the system 39revolution Columbia University takeover 1968 SDS Students for a Democratic Society 0000 Where Hippies and the New Left Converged Generation gap 0 America needs to change its fundamental values 0 Antimaterialism o Anticonformity Distrust of authority 0 Opposition to the War in Vietnam Chicago 1968 Democratic National Convention 0 Tom Hayden amp SDS Antiwar March New Left 0 Jerry Rubin amp The Yippie quotFestival of Lifequot Hippie o Consciously choosing not to do a protest of the convention o Nominate a pig Pigasus Gets extremely violent Police quotlose their coolquot and attack protesters when they lower US ag to half mast Turning point for a lot of people in counterculture lost faith Chicago 8 o 8 Leaders of these countercultures were tried with intent to start a riot Bobby Seale Black Panther was bound and gagged when he denounced the judge 0 Was going to be tried separately and sentenced to 5 years for contempt in the court Sentence was eventually overturned Legacies of the Youth Counterculture Broadening the range of lifestyles 0 Personal style Hair and clothing 0 Ideas about spirituality and sexuality 0 Pursuit of happiness Matt Owens 912015 AMS 231 Watergate The Mother of All Scandals Richard Nixon Background Raised in Whittier CA Whittier College and Duke Law School 0 Whittier College was a small Quaker college Animosity toward northeastern quotliberal elite o Disdained liberal elites progressive racial politics He didn t care forJews or African Americans Retains his distrust for the rest of his life 0 Said that liberal elites were quotbright in the head but weak in the spine Served in the Navy in WWII 0 Lieutenant Commander o Campaigned for congress in his uniform Congressman from CA 1946 Senator fro CA 1950 o Anticommunist campaign 0 quotTricky Dickquot nickname VicePresident under Dwight Eisenhower 19521960 0 Brief scandal about his campaign funds but Nixon pushed it aside 0 Only 39 when he reaches Vice President 0 Didn t really get much stuff from Eisenhower to work on Loses narrowly to JFK in 1960 in Presidential race 0 Poised to win until one of the rst televised debates with JFK Looked roughunshaven and sweaty because he was ghting the u Loses CA governor s race in 1962 o Poised to win again but he lost in the nal weeks Returns and wins presidency in 1968 quotSilent Majorityquot speech 1969 o The majority of people who are conservative have those ideals don t organize protests and aren t as focused on Nixon claimed he represented this majority quotWestern White Housequot in San Clemente CA Richard Nixon Achievements 0 Foreign policy Constructive dialogues with China and Soviet Union 0 Much more than previous leaders Expanded social spending for public housing and related welfare programs Expanded National Endowment for the Arts NEA o lnstituted affirmative action quotas for government contracts 0 Created Environmental Protection Agency EPA Some claimed his was more of a liberal based on his actions A Rogue Administration 0 1970 New York Times breaks the story of secret bombings in Cambodia 0 Nixon orders wiretaps of reporters o Nixon determined that White House s Plumbers will quotstop the fucking leaksquot 1971 Daniel Ellsberg leaks Pentagon Papers government study about US involvement in Vietnam that involved a ton of damaging details 0 Pushed story of Nixon s daughter s wedding to the side 0 Plumbers break into the office of Ellsberg s psychiatrist 1972 Campaign quotDirty Tricksquot Team 0 Project headed byJohn Erlichman Nixon s CoChief of Staff 0 Examples 0 200 pizzas and stink bombs to Democratic headquarters o Forged quotCanuck letterquot accusing Edmund Muskie of making ethnic slurs o Forged allegations of sexual misconduct by Humphrey and Jackson 1972 Campaign Committee for the Reelection of the President CREEP o Extorted money from Democratic contributors with threats of IRS and SECinvesUgann 0 quotDemocrats for Nixonquot 0 Example George Steinbrenner 0 Contributions go to bogus quotnonprofit organizations 0 quotEnemies Listquot Plumbers bugged the offices of various Democratic Party leaders 0 Including the National Democratic headquarters 0 Including the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate hotel Things Begin to Unravel 0 Five men arrested at the Watergate Hotel 0 James McCord CREEP security coordinator 0 Address books note Howard Hunt W Housequot 0 Howard Hunt and G Gordon Liddy Plumbers also indicted as part of this case 0 The charges conspiracy burglary wiretapping Watergate BreakIn White House Response 0 Publicly denied any link to the crimes Nixon order cochief of staff to stop the FBI investigation obstruction of justice 0 Nixon approves the payoff of quothush moneyquot to the Watergate burglars The News Media39s Role 0 Bob Woodward and Carl Berstein Washington Post 0 Connected Howard Hunt back to the White House 0 Traced CREEP campaign contribution to bank account of a Watergate burglar o Aided by quotDeep Throatquot Mark Felt FBI The Plot Thickens All 7 plumbers tied to Watergate breakin are convicted but James McCord writes a letter to Judge John Sirica confessing perjury and White House involvement in the coverup John Dean Counsel to the President decides to cooperate with Watergate prosecutors 0 Dean red HR Haldeman and John Erlichman CoChiefs of Staff and John Mitchell Attorney General all resign 0 Elliot Richardson named new Attorney General and appoints Archibald Cox as Watergate special prosecutor The Watergate Hearings 0 National TV spectacle for over a year 0 Senator Howard Baker RTN quotWhat did the president know and when did he know itquot 0 Alexander Butter eld reveals the existence of Nixon s Oval Of ce tapes July 1973 0 Long legal battle for the tapes ensues o Nixon tries to claim quotexecutive privilegequot when he was told to surrender tapes around the time of Watergate quotSaturday Night Massacrequot October 1973 0 Elliot Richardson and his Deputy Attorney General refuse to re Cox Robert Bork agrees to conduct the ring Negative public and news media backlash Meanwhile Vice President Spiro Agnew busted for bribery o Pleads down to lesser charge of income tax evasion bus has to resign 0 Michigan Congressman Gerald Ford named new VP And Finally 0 Selected Nixon tapes released Damaging impact missing parts of the tapes 0 Tarnished public image of the presidency Foul language quotexpletive deletedquot Petty personal attacks Ethnic bigotry 0 quotSmoking Gunquot tapes revealed Nixon ordered halt to the FBI investigation Nixon approved coverup payoffs to Watergate burglars o Nixon forced to resign August 1974 The Aftermath o Altogether 25 Nixon of cials were convicted and imprisoned including 4 cabinet members 0 Gerald Ford and Nelson Rockefeller now held the top two spots in the US Government neither one elected to those jobs 0 Ford pardons Nixon in September 1974 Responses to Nixon39s Pardon Gil ScottHeron 0 quotWe Beg Your Pardon Americaquot Dec 1974 0 Hunter Thompson 0 quotFear and Loathing in Limbo The Scum Also Risesquot Rolling Stone Oct 1974 Lasting Implications Legislative Federal Election Campaign Act amended 0 Creation of PACs Political Action Committees 0 Freedom of Information Act strengthened 0 quotExecutive privilege claims face greater scrutiny o FBI s COINTELPRO exposed Inserted FBI agents in different movements 0 FBI surveillance faces greater scrutiny Lasting Implications Cultural Press takes on more of a watchdog role 0 More aggressive investigative journalism 0 Concerns over media bias Liberal vs conservative Increased cynicism toward government 0 Number of voters plummets 53 of eligible voters in 1976 voted 0 1974 poll How much faith do you have in the executive branch quotA great deal 14 quotHardly Anyquot 43
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