Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes AMS 231
Popular in Contemporary America
Popular in American Studies
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Matt Owens on Monday December 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AMS 231 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Stacy Morgan in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Contemporary America in American Studies at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 12/14/15
Matt Owens AMS 231 91715 Stonewall amp Beyond Background 0 The Psychiatric Diagnosis 0 Irving Bieber and many others said Homosexuality was a mental illness With treatment homosexuals could be reformed into heterosexuals 0 These beliefs led to quotAversion therapyquot Challenges to the Medical Consensus Alfred Kinsey Sexual Behavior in the Human Male 1948 amp Sexual Behavior in the Human Female 1953 o Widely read reproduced in magazines 0 Caused sense of shock and surprise 0 Found that American men and women were much more sexually active than previously thought 83 of men and 50 of women had premarital sex 0 Found that sexual activity was much more diverse 0 Evelyn Hooker quotThe Adjustment of the Male Overt Homosexualquot 1956 0 Series of psychological pro les of everyday homosexuals and heterosexuals o Compares them to each other 0 Presents results to psychological analysts and they can t tell the difference 0 Homosexuality still remained on list as a mental illness until 1973 Political Repression in the 19505 0 SenatorJoe McCarthy amp Roy Cohn spearhead a purge of allegedly homosexual employees from the US State Department 0 Argued homosexuality and communism are linked Commies could blackmail homos into giving secrets quotSexual perversionquot equated with political subversion Executive Order 10405 1953 Workplace purges Postal surveillance 0 Increase in arrests of gay men and lesbians o Raids on gaylesbian bars 0 Entrapment Homosexuality in the Movies 0 19505 Gay reference usually surface only in coded form 0 19605 Openly gay characters reappear in lms but often meet tragic amp violent ends 0 Murders Suicides accidents The Homophile Movement 0 The Mattachine Society 0 One monthly magazine Daughters of Bilitis o The Laddermonthly magazine Began with discussion groups Emphasis was on assimilation Primary strategy education New Forms of Protest PreStonewall Protest Strategies 0 Protest marches pickets boycotts 0 Court battles against police entrapment o Organizing gay and lesbian voting blocks Stonewall June 1969 0 Oral History Accounts 0 Craig Rodwell o Sylvia Rivera 0 Jim Fouratt PostStonewall Activism New Groups 0 Gay Liberation Front Attempt to make alliances with other activist groups women civil rights etc 0 Gay Activists Alliance Dedicated to speci cally focusing on gaylesbian issues 0 New kinds of activism 0 Large public demonstrations o Emphasis on quotcoming outquot o quotZapsquot Political theater they would directly confront politicalbusiness leaders in public setting ambush severe questioning Intended to create public pressure Changing Forms of Protest Mattachines in 1965 o GAA in the early 1970s 0 Zap at 1972 American Psychiatric Association Banquet o Homosexuality nally removed from the APA s list of mental illnesses in 1973 0 First major Gay Pride March 1970 0 Global Ripples GLF in London 1971 Impact on Society 0 Political Changes 0 Openly gay and lesbian candidates elected Elaine Noble Massachusetts Openly gay elected House of Re 1974 Harvey Milk San Francisco 0 Board of Supervisors 1977 0 Gay voters begin to wield more political clout o 40 cities enact gay rights protections Changes in Gay Male Life 0 Signature community Castro district in San Francisco 0 New openness and visibility especially in cities 0 More gay bars and other businesses catering to a diversity of tastes In the 70 s dancing at bars disco especially became much more important to gay men 0 Gay tness culture and consumer culture 0 Changes in Lesbian Life 0 Signature communities communes in college towns and rural areas 0 Center of community life consciousness raising groups quotwomen s musicquot concerts 0 Tended to disdain materialism and consumerism Popular Culture Changes New kinds of movies The Boys in the Band1970 I Products aimed speci cally at gay consumers The Mainstreaming of Gay Style Disco 0 Disco rst popularized in gay clubs with heavy Black amp Latin musical in uences Saturday Night Fever1977 amp The Bee Gees The Backlash 0 Anita Bryan amp quotSave Our Childrenquot 0 quotHomosexuals cannot reproduce so they must recruitquot ie threat to children 0 Helped to repeal gay rights protection ordinances in many cities I The Briggs Initiative Proposition 6 o Sought to bar homosexuals from teaching in California public schools I Again images of children in peril I Again blurring lines between homosexuality and child molestation in antigay rhetoric 0 Measure rejected by voters 1978 0 Increase in AntiGay Violence 0 Murders I Robert Hillsborough 1977 I Stabbed 15 times while murderer John Cordova repeatedly screams faggot I Harvey Milk 1978 I Dan White pleads the quotTwinkle defensequot 0 Dan white shoots Mayor and City Supervisor in city hall 0 Got off with only 7 years 0 Arsons and bombings against Metropolitan Community Churches and gaylesbian bar I Backlash at the Movie The Dangers of Homosexuality o Freebie amp the Bean 1974 I Detective uncovers a serial killer as a transvestite I Shoots transvestite 7 times in climax of the lm 0 Windows 1980 I Woman pursued by psychotic lesbian stalker o Cruising 1980 Cop goes undercover in gay scene to nd serial killer that s targeting gay men left off leaving the cop as maybe picking up where the killer left off and killing his gay neighbor 0 Gay bashing lms Matt Owens AMS 231 92115 Ronald Reagan s America American Graf ti 1973 0 Director George Lucas Nostalgia for the imagined innocence of the 19505 amp early 19605 youth culture TV spinoff Happy Days 19741984 Deconstructing War Movies amp Westerns 19705 0 MA5H 1970 o Blazing Saddles George Lucas longed for the return of more conventional war movies and inspirational stories 0 Star Wars 1977 Recapturing the innocence of the 19505505 American movies Victory Culture Ronald Reagan Reassertion of Victory Culture Values Knew how to work mass media 0 Nicknamed quotthe mass communicatorquot Both liberal critics and conservative supporters miss the full impact of his presidency Early Years 0 Born in 1911 Oldest US president ever 0 Illinois childhood 0 Reagan later said it was like Mark Twain s Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer o Reagan liked to reference his early years with Norman Rockwell quotFreedom of Wantquot 1943 Worked with WHO radio in Des Moines Iowa 19341937 Reagan moves to Hollywood 1937 o Reagan as George Gipp in Knute Rockne AAmerican 1940 Reagan as quotThe Gipperquot 1984 0 Line from movie was to quotGo Win One for the Gipperquot 0 World War II in Hollywood making lms for the Army Air Corps o Reagan with rst wife Jane Wyman 1944 Couple divorced in 1949 and Wyman retained custody Reagan in the Early 19505 0 Reagan s second wife actress Nancy Davis 0 Screen Actor s Guild President 19471952 0 Fervent AntiCommunist OO 0 General Electric s quotambassador of goodwillquot 19541962 Reagan s Basic Speech 0 Entertaining anecdotes 0 Warnings about contemporary threats communism 0 Praise of quottraditional valuesquot 0 Private enterprise amp American individualism vs quotBig Governmentquot Social Welfare amp High Taxes The New Right Agenda Cut social programs Cuttaxes Free market capitalism Deregulate industry Meet Soviet challenge with military might Grow Big Business Shrink Government 0 Senator Barry Goldwater AZ Governor of California 19661974 Paving the Way for Reagan 0 Proposition 13 CA 1978 quotTax Revoltquot o Moral Majority 1979 Rev Jerry Falwell attacks the quotpermissivenessquot of quotliberal causesquot e the ERA gay rights social welfare affirmative action arms control abortion rights environmentalism 0 Jimmy Carter s seeming inaction vs Reagan as a quotman of actionquot Champion of quotTraditional Valuesquot w New Technology 0 Early career in mass media shapes his presidency 0 Growth of the information economy Silicon Valley 0 Strategic Defense Initiative SDI OOOOO