Week 5 Notes
Week 5 Notes AMS 231
Popular in Contemporary America
Popular in American Studies
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Matt Owens on Monday December 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AMS 231 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Stacy Morgan in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Contemporary America in American Studies at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 12/14/15
The AIDS/HIV Crisis Timeline: 1981-1982 o First notice of unusual patterns of a rare pneumonia (LA) & Kaposi’s Sarcoma (NYC) o Disease initially termed GRID (Gay-Related Immune Deficiency) o Formation of Gay Men’s Health Crisis o By late 1982, c.1300 US AIDS deaths 1982-1984 o “4-H” risk groups identified: Hemophiliacs, Haitian immigrants (found out it’s not accurate), heroin addicts, & homosexuals (1982) New name: AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (1982) HIV virus identified as causative agent; method s of transmission identified (1983-84) By 1984, 7600+ US AIDS/HIV deaths 1985-1986 o FDA licenses the first tests to detect an antibody for the HIV virus (1985) o Rock Hudson dies (1985) Turning point o Ryan White infected by blood transfusion (1985) Barred from public school Eventually won the right to go back in court o By 1986, 31,000+ US AIDS/HIV deaths 1987-1990 o Ronald Reagan finally gives a short speech about the AIDS crisis (1987) Didn’t mention sex at all Took so long because basically he didn’t want to associate himself with homosexual events o Lessons on causes of AIDS/HIV transmission begin to entre public schools o AZT released in 1987, but cost is high o Formation of ACT-UP o By 1990, over 59,000 US AIDS/HIV deaths Early 1990s o Magic Johnson announces that he is HIV+ (1991) o Philadelphia (1993) o By 2002, over 500,000 U.S. AIDS/HIV deaths Scientific Community Responses Randy Shilts, And the Band Played On (1987) o Movie adaptation (1993) Mapping AIDS/HIV within the US Imagined primarily as a coastal phenomenon (San Francisco and NYC) AIDS/HIV relatively invisible in the Midwest & South Abraham Verghese, My Own Country (1994) Gay Community Responses Larry Kramer, “A Personal Appeal” (1981) Gay Men’s Health Crisis formed in 1982 Debates over bathhouses in San Francisco (1983-84) New Activist Groups: ACT-UP and Queer Nation Cultural Impact: Rumors & Fears Run Wild o You can get AIDS from toilet seats o “God’s punishment for homosexuals” o Gay men are trying to infect general population o Urban legend of “AIDS Mary” o AIDS = CIA plot to destroy Africa/Black America New Attitudes Toward Sex o More open view of sex o Advertising for use of condoms o Frank Moore, “Safe Fantasy” (1988) o Showing up in higher society as well Names Project, AIDS Memorial Quilt o (1986-present) o Cleve Jones Gregory Dean Smalley (1964-1996) Drive-By Truckers “The Living Bubba” (1998) Matt Owens AMS 231 10/6/15 The Decline of the Rust Belt: Deindustrialization & Its Consequences Economic Imbalances Job Growth: o Defense industry o Technology o Real Estate o Corporate Agribusiness o Region: Sun Belt (West Coat & South) Ex: Silicon Valley Job Loss: o Steel & Automobiles o Mining o Family Farms o Region: Rust Belt (Midwest & Northeast); Appalachia Ex: Flint, Michigan Decline of the Rust Belt: Contributing Factors Rising costs of oil & labor Increasing competition from foreign imports Technological advances in the workplace Relative mobility of capital o Government deregulation o “Right to Work” legislation o Company lockouts of workers The Rust Belt: The Reagan Contribution 1981 National Economic Recovery Act o Cut personal income taxes 25% across the board over a 33- month period o Cut max. capital gains tax from 28% to 20% Lax enforcement of anti-trust laws (corporate mergers) Deregulation Hostility to organized labor o Ex: firing 11,000+ air traffic controllers (1981) “Supply-Side Economics” Corporations’ share of federal tax burden decreases Increasing Disparities of Wealth: The Numbers at the Top Number of US millionaires grows from 4400 in 1980 to 35,000 in 1987 1990 numbers: o income of richest 1% = income of bottom 40% o income of richest 5% = income of bottom 60% Wealth Disconnected from Productivity Corporate mergers & “junk bond” trading o Ex: Michael Milken Recognizes the free market economy Sold off assets of companies he bought to pay for new companies he’s buying 1980: The average US CEO made 40 times the amount of average employee 1989: The average US CEO made 93 times the amount of an average employee Wealth Disparities: The Numbers at the Bottom 1 of every 3 working Americans had an annual income below the poverty line during the 1980s Minimum wage frozen at $3.35/hour in 1981; not increased until 1991 ($4.25/hour) o Yearly income (40-hour work week) $3.35 $6,968 $4.25 $8,840 Increasing size of homeless population A Culture Response Minutemen, “This Ain’t No Picnic” (1984) Roger & Me (1989) o Flint, Michigan 1950s vs. 1980s 50’s – GM supported Flint with jobs, both company and individuals profiting 80’s – GM closes factories, begins outsourcing. Individuals blame GM for town falling apart City officials toss money towards tourist attractions Flop within a year Bruce Springsteen’s America Springsteen’s Early Life & Career 1949 in Freehold, New Jersey: an industrial, Rust Belt town Early influences: Elvis, Roy Orbison, Bob Dylan Earns reputation with long, high-energy live shows Key Theme: “Runaway American Dreams” Youthful desperation: need to escape Why? o Roles of adulthood offered by life in a working class factory town are a “cage” o To continue to live within this cage = “suicide” How does one escape? o Through cars and rock & roll music (often with a girl) Nebraska (1982) Themes: Desperation, isolation, disappointment Stories of people giving up on their “runaway American dreams” Born in the USA (1984) Attempt to take messages from Nebraska & reach a broader audience o Working with East Street Band again o MTV videos o World tour Huge commercial success 1984 Republican National Convention: “Born in the USA” o Not really a match to the song
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