Week 15 Notes
Week 15 Notes FSCN 1112
U of M
Popular in Principles of Nutrition
Popular in Nutrition and Food Sciences
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Cummins on Tuesday December 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FSCN 1112 at University of Minnesota taught by Mashek, Douglas in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Principles of Nutrition in Nutrition and Food Sciences at University of Minnesota.
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Date Created: 12/15/15
Week 15 Nutrient Needs During Adult Years Calories needs decline as you get older Protein and fat needs don t change much but fish oils support brain health Carbs it is important to maintain adequate fiber levels as the GI tract ages Water most elderly people are somewhat dehydrated because they loose sensitivity to thirst Calcium and vitamin D it is important to slow bone degredation and minimize osteoporosis staying active also helps Folate B6 and 312 all are absorbed less and less as you age Iron not as important as before menopause Zinc and magnesium deficiencies are common Vitamin E antioxidants are good at slowing the aging process Carotenoids beneficial for the skin eyesight Factors affecting nutrition 0 Muscle mass decreases Bone density decreases Cardiovascular system declines GI tract changes gut bacteria as well Kidneys urinary system changes vitamin D production changes Nervous system slows The body slowly becomes more insulin resistant even if you re not diabetic Medications inhibit absorption of many vitamins and minerals o Psychosocial factors people don t eat right because they are depressed or withdrawn 0 Economic factor elderly are often living with little income so they can t but the right food Exercise is critical in slowing the aging process 0 Slows muscle loss 0 Helps maintain a healthy weight 0 Lowers risk of most diseases Alcoholism o Tolerance for alcohol decreases with age 0 Tied to psychosocial factors Slower restoration of homeostasis the body can t respond as quickly and it takes longer to return to normal Alzheimer s disease 0 Prevent by following a healthy diet vegetables unsaturated fat fish oils 0 Avoid red meat Arthritis 0 Autoimmune disease 0 Stay active and try to maintain a healthy weight Alternative medicine 000000 0 0 Not much science to back it up 0 Research and know the risks before starting anything