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Week Three

by: KatieAlbritton
GPA 3.7
Psychology of Personality
Dr. Ingram

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About this Document

These notes discuss the theories of Erik Erikson and Karen Horney, as well as Attachment Theory.
Psychology of Personality
Dr. Ingram
Class Notes
Personality Spychology, Erik Erikson, Eight Psychosocial Stages, Karen Horney, Attachment Theory
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Tuesday December 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 246 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Ingram in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychlogy at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.


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Date Created: 12/15/15
Week Three Notes Erik Erikson and Karen Horney Katie Albritton Study Soup Erik Erikson 10921994 Studied with Anna Freud Sigmund Freud39s daughter 1933 Moved to Boston became the city39s first child psychologist 1960 Became Harvard professor Did not have a degree Originally wanted to be an artist Thought that the personality changes throughout life Freud thought it formed at an early age What in uences personality How Eight Psychosocial Stages interpersonal As opposed to Freud39s five Psychosexual Stages Stage One Con ict Trust Basic trust versus mistrust Corresponds to Freud39s Oral Stage The world will respond to our needs or it won39t How quickly will it respond Virtue learned in this stage Hope Essential for survival Persistent conviction that our wishes can be satisfied despite disappointments and failures Stage Two Con ict Autonomy Autonomy versus shame and doubt Corresponds to Freud39s anal stage Virtue Will Determination to exercise freedom of choice and selfrestraint learning when to do what how to accept social laws and expectations and when to oppose them Stage Three Con ict Initiative FourFive years Initiative versus guilt Corresponds to Freud39s phallic stage Curiosity exploring asking why Virtue Purpose Development of a sense of reality that39s defined by what is attainable Developing a direction for our future A focus for our efforts Stage Four Con ict Industry Industry versus Inferiority Corresponds to Freud39s Latent Stage Teachers become very important Virtue Competence The ability to use one39s skills and intelligence to complete tasks valuable in one39s society Stage Five Con ict Identity Adolescence Identity versus Identity confusion Who am I Rebellion to constraints imposed by society Virtue Fidelity The ability to sustain loyalties even in the face of con ict Loyalty to yourself Stage Six Con ict Intimacy Intimacy versus Isolation How to form close relationships How to get close without getting lost Ego loss Virtue Love Development of close and meaningful relationships Mutual devotion Giving love as well as receiving it Stage Seven Con ict Generativity Mid 2039s through 6039s Generativity versus stagnation Create things or don39t Virtue Care Doing things for other people Satisfying the need to be needed Stage Eight Con ict Integrity Integrity versus despair Mid 6039s through death Feel happy or sad with the lives they lived Virtue Wisdom Have to be older to have wisdom Accumulation of experience One day at a time Ninth Stage Geotranscendence versus Dystonic Resurgence Dealing with the wearing down of the body Learning to deal with loss and your own death Spiritual re ection and growth Virtue Peace of Mind Regret Regrets of Commission Regret what you did do Regrets of Omission Regret what you did not do These regrets bother you the most So do the thing you39ll regret it more if you don39t Unless it39s severely illegal then don39t do it Though some rules need to be broken Karen Horney 18851952 Relational Theory or Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory Interpersonal much larger formative element Unconscious powerful childhood is important Questioned Freud39s views on sex Focused on social forces that operate in the family Strict religious father She was intelligent ambitious and strong Studied medicine Liked to explore new ideas Stressed anxious Anxiety Anxiety is the result of social and environmental forces Part of the initial relationship with the world Basic anxiety Pervasive feeling of being lonely and helpless in a hostile world Basic hostility Sick of rejection and insecurity you become a little hostile but repress it Coping strategies Neurotic Needs Modes of relating Interpersonal Orientations Moving toward compliance Moving against hostility Moving away detachment Life orientations Adjustment Strategies Selfeffacing Solution An appeal to be loved subservient needy Selfexpansive Solution A striving for mastery Controlling rebellious Resignation Solution A desire to be free of others detachment Self Real Self What we are Those things that are true about us Idealized Self What we think we should be A model to assist us in developing our potential and achieving selfactualization Expectations of yourself and others can cause issues Tyranny of the Should Trying to meet false and impossible needs instead of realistic and possible needs Focus on what you should do in order to be what you should be Effort is to maintain an unrealistic idealized selfactualization Keeping up appearances I should I need to I ought to Voices of others telling you what to do I WANT TO Your voice Narcissism Unhealthy selffocus Interferes with healthy relationships Two different types Classic Narcissist Overt Narcissist Vulnerable Narcissist Covert Narcissist Self Compassion How kindly you treat yourself when things go wrong Selfesteem How positively you evaluate yourself Karen Homey Attachment Theory Research by Mary Ainsworth Strange Situation Secure Attachment Trust caregiver feel safe Moving towards Avoidant Attachment Insecure go awaycome back want to feel safe but don39t Moving away Resistant Attachment Insecure want security but push away from it Moving against Strange Situation 1967 Puts child under some stress Child caregiver and stranger Reunion most important John Bolby British Researcher Little time with mother Sent to boarding school age seven Studied Attachment Theory Mary Ainsworth student Strange Situation In uenced Harry Harlowe Monkeys Wire and cloth mothers Horney Healthy person uses all three of the interpersonal orientations depending on the situation


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