Week Five Psy 246
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Wednesday December 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 246 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Ingram in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychlogy at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 12/16/15
Week Five Notes Personality Trait Theories Katie Albritton Study Soup Hans Eysenck 19161997 Three Traits Extraversion Neuroticism Think unstable emotionality Psychoticism Disinhibition Combination of aggressiveness creativity and impulsivity More eccentric and creative genius Not a person having psychotic experiences Jack Block Two Traits Ego control Impulse control Over or under controlled Ego resiliency Psychological adjustment Can you balance your levels of control to the situation Or are you stuck at one level Auke Tellegen Three traits factors Similar to Eysenck but with less misleading names Positive emotionality Negative emotionality Constraint Flipside of Psychoticism disinhibition Henry Murray Maybe it takes twenty traitsor needs to capture personality Need A force in the brain that organizes our perception understanding and behavior in such a way as to change an unsatisfying situation and increase our satisfaction A need may be aroused by an internal state such as hunger or an outside stimulus such as food List of needs Dominance Deference Autonomy Aggression Abasement Achievement Sex Defendence Counteraction Harm avoidance Order Understanding Affiliation Rejection Succorance Nurturance Construction Retention Contrariance Blame avoidance Play Cognizance Exposition This is only a partial list Murray listed many many many needs Personal Genome Project Steven Pinker quotes psychologist Eric Turkheimer as saying The naturenurture debate is overall human behavioral traits are heritable Clusters of genes that in uence conditions Nature Your genetic inheritance Nurture Your environment Culture family friends education SES Opportunities nutrition etc It is not an eitheror question Both nature and nurture in uence your personality Evolved Psychological Mechanisms Specific psychological processes that have evolved because they solved particular adaptive problems related to survival and reproduction Ex Sexual attraction based on youth Functions to optimize the number of remaining years of fertility Ex Sexual jealousy Functions to help ensure men that they are the genetic fathers of their mate39s children Men More disturbed by sexual infidelity Women More disturbed by emotional infidelity Homosexuality Evolutionarily adaptive Use some of your resources to help care for sibling39s young Kin altruism Flows from empathy Feeling What other people are feeling to understand those feelings Emotional Expression Facial expressions are recognizable across cultures Six or seven universally recognizable emotions Joy anger sadness disgust fear surprise contempt Innate and essential for survival Biological Factor Theories Eysenck Gray and Cloninger Eysenck39s PEN Biological Model Gray39s Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory Cloninger39s Tridimensional Model Nervous System Nervous Of or relating to the nerves Central Nervous System Brain and spinal cord Peripheral Nervous System Somatic and Autonomic Somatic Body big muscles Autonomic Involuntary Autobomic Nervous System Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Sympathetic Action motion Blood pressure pulse go up Parasympathetic Conserves energy Eysenck39s PEN Model Three factors Psychoticiam Impulse creative cold Extraversion Neuroticism Differ based on differences in the nervous system Brain Ascending Reticular Activating System Regulates sensory input into the brain Manages balance between arousal and calm Possibly the biological basis for distinction between extraversion and introversion Extraversion Lower baseline to excite the nervous system need more to excite them Introversion Already a lot going on in nervous system too much info going in Temperament Precursor to personality Amygdala Seat of emotion Genotype The inherited genetic profile of an individual Phenotype The developed characteristics that can be observed in an individual based on both genetic and environmental factors Gray39s Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory Behavioral Activation System BAS Reward Approach behavior Behavioral Inhibition System BIS Fear aversive stimuli Inhibited behavior Hippocampus or septum Fight or ight system Cloninger39s Tridimensional Model Three different types of motivation Novelty seeking Low level dopamine I do things spontaneously Harm avoidance High level serotonin I get tense and worried in unfamiliar situations Reward dependence Low levels norepinephrine Others think I am too independent disagree I often push myself to exhaustion
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