Week Six Psy 246
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Wednesday December 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 246 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Ingram in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychlogy at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 12/16/15
Week Six Notes Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow Katie Albritton Study Soup Carl Rogers 19021987 Humanistic Psychology Most optimistic Your perception of the world is your reality Fully functional person Openness to experience Existential living Living fully in the moment Organismic trust Selfesteem selfcompassion Experiental Freedom Responsibility for authority of your life Moving toward a positive experience Congruence and Incongruence Congruent life where things match Self structure and experience match Selfconfirming bias We look for information that confirms what we already think and we pay more attention to it We discount information that does not confirm what we already think EVEN if this information presents us in a more positive light Positive Regard Unconditional positive regard Is there regardless Conditional positive regard Conditions of worth apply Positive selfregard Authentically growing into yourself PersonCentered Therapy Three attributes that are necessary and sufficient Empathy Acceptance Genuineness And unconditional positive regard Abraham Maslow Hierarchy of needs Selfactualization Peak experiences Optimistic view of the potential of human beings Studied with Harry Harlowe clothwire monkey mother Find out what motivates people and what makes them act on motivation Hierarchy of Needs Pyramid Bottom Basic physiological needs Food water etc Must be met before moving up the pyramid Safety comfort security sex needs Belongingness social activity needs Status esteem needs Selfactualization Top Draw pyramid gt to help Physiological Needs Safety Needs Food water sleep shelter hygiene ability to breathe Safety No one will attack you emotional and mental safety Belonging and Love Needs Family friends romantic partners Gangs unhealthy but it happens Selfesteem Needs Education achievement respect selfrespect SelfActualization Not everyone will reach this goal Transcendence of the self moving beyond ordinary achievement Ex Climbing Mt Everest Special energy Peak Experiences Experienced by selfactualizers At the peak of your power Not only you feel it others can see it in you At the top of your form Applying the Hierarchy of Needs Companies paying attention to what people want Happiness To have a good life we need a positive goal Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi The excellence of daily life finally depends not on what we do but how we do it Manufacture happiness Daniel Gilbert Completely focused motivation singles minded immersion Flow Csikszentmihalyi TED talk Flow the secret to happiness Projection as attempt to regain sense of order after devastation of war Ecstatic state outside of the self out of the ordinary everyday routine Not enough spare attention to notice bodily sensations Ten years of knowledge to be able to truly create something Flow Experienced 1 Completely involved in what they are doing 2 Sense of ecstasy 3 Inner clarity 4 Knowing the activity is doable 0 When you are in ow Level of challenge and level of skill I High challenge high skill Potential ow I High challenge low skill Anxiety I Low challenge high skill Boredom 5 A sense of serenity Timelessness Thoroughly focused on the present 7 Intrinsic motivation Whatever produces ow is its own reward 9 Positive Psychology The Three Pillars Positive subjective experience Life satisfaction Flow happiness Intrinsic motivation Meaningful life Positive traits Optimism resiliency hope gratitude compassion religiousspiritual Positive institutions Work school etc Martin Seligman Resiliency The strength to survive stressful events or being mistreated without the usual negative consequences You can learn to be resilient Develop gratitude optimism compassion Positive institutions Work school etc Flourishing 2012 Five elements of wellbeing Positive emotion 50 heritable only 1015 changeable Engagement ow Relationships Happiness is almost always relational Meaning and purpose Accomplishment Skill and mastery Losada ratio Measures ourishingstagnantbankrupt 291 Companies Marriage 51 Teenage Reconstruct disliked activities to utilize your signature strength Relationships What works is active construction Where were you when it happened what was said etc Meaning People are happier relying on other people Achievement Especially self discipline Nietzche39s Three Phases The camel Just take it and groan The rebel lion Says no to plague and hurt The child reborn Says yes to better and positive
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