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POLS 1337 Week of 02/29 Notes

by: Julia Taboh

POLS 1337 Week of 02/29 Notes POLS 1337

Marketplace > University of Houston > Political Science > POLS 1337 > POLS 1337 Week of 02 29 Notes
Julia Taboh
GPA 2.73

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About this Document

These notes cover the legislative system
US Govt.: Congress, Pres & Crts
Andrea Eckelman
Class Notes
political science, POLS1337, Poly Sci
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Taboh on Saturday April 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1337 at University of Houston taught by Andrea Eckelman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see US Govt.: Congress, Pres & Crts in Political Science at University of Houston.


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Date Created: 04/02/16
POLS 1337 – 21067      02/29/2016 Professor A. Eckelman Spring 2016 What’s Going on in the World?  Super Tuesday occurring on March 1st  N. Korea forced student who was arrested in the country to confess to several [violent]  crimes  The Republican debate was on February 25th  Hilary Clinton won South Carolina primary  Trump was called out for tweeting a quote by Mussolini, which was actually an ancient  proverb Mussolini had quoted  KKK rally in Anaheim, CA; three people were stabbed  Stabbing in school in China 03/02/2016 The Legislative Branch What’s Going on in the World?  Super Tuesday results: Trump ® and Hilary (D) majority of the votes  Pentagon is going to hire hackers to test their system  Scott Kelly is back after spending a year in space Origin  The Founders took great care in building the legislative branch  Congress has ultimate authority for enacting new laws  Ensures the representation of the people through direct election of its members Structure  Bicameral legislature  Two chambers: Senate and House of Representatives  The Great Compromise  Equal state representation in Senate  Representation in the House based on state population  Nearly equal sharing of legislative powers House of Representatives  The people’s House  Two year terms, elected in even years  Proportionally ensures the House reflects popular will   Smallest constituency of any federal office (a little over 700, 000 in each congressional  district  Reapportionment: allocating House seats to each state after every 10­year census  Redistricting: redrawing congressional district lines to achieve one person, one vote  concept  Gerrymandering: drawing district boundaries in favor of one party or group Formal Qualifications (House of Representatives)  At least 25 years old  U.S. citizen for a minimum of 7 years  Residency established in the state from which they are elected Senate  Stabilizing factor – more elite, more deliberate, not subject to whims of mass politics  Serve 6­year staggered terms  Intended to represent states equally  Originally elected not by the people but by state legislatures  Seventeenth Amendment: senators elected by citizens of the state they represent Formal Qualifications (Senate)  At least 30 years old  U.S. citizen for at least 9 years  Residency established in state which they represent  Leadership in Congress  Each chamber maintains its own leadership structure to conduct its business  Political party system drives leadership  Majority caucus  Minority caucus Leadership in the House  Speaker of the House o Every two years, House members vote to determine the Speaker o Choice is generally made by the political party that holds the majority of the seats o Presiding officer and the most powerful member Speaker  Responsible for assigning bills to committees  Recognizes ember to speak in the House  Ultimate arbiter/interpreter of House rules  Appoints members to special committees  Influential in assigning members House Majority and Minority Leaders  Oversee the development of party platforms  Responsible for achieving party coherence in voting  Majority leader: o Kevin McCarthy (R – CA)  Minority leader: o Nancy Pelosi (D – CA)  Vice President  Cannot engages in floor debate  Majority caucus elects Senate majority leader o Mitch McConnell (R – KY)  Minority caucus elects Senate minority leader o Harry Reid (D – NV)  Majority and minority whips o John Cornyn (R – TX) o Dick Durbin (D – IL)  Four categories of work by members of congress  Geograp Re- Pelection Intimat es


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