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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by NotetakerS on Wednesday December 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS212 at Michigan State University taught by L. Gipson-Tansil in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Children, Youth, and Family in HDFS at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 12/16/15
Environmental Context for Development Introduction Review The dynamic family system affects each family members both directly and indirectly The relationship of individual and family members is interrelate and interdependent The child39s environment consists of many influences that combineinterplay to affect the course of development Environmental Contexts 1 U39lbUUN The Family Socioeconomic Status and Family Functioning The Impact of Poverty Communityneighborhoods and schools The Culture Context Socioeconomic Status SE5 SE8 is an index of a family39s or individual39s social position and economic well being Ways to measure SES some quantification of family income parental education and occupational status SES is linked to timing of parenthood and family size SES groups also differ in childrearing values and expectations SES is positively correlated with cognitive language development academic success and socioemotional outcomes in children In all societies there is a significant association between SES and health Emerging issues 0 Home computer use on child and adolescent development 0 Lower SES is associated with increased environmental exposures 39 Health risk factors toxins lack of sanitary facilities 0 Lower SES parents often stress external characteristics and engage in harsh restrictive child rearing practices Higher SES Families Family structure tends to be smaller Tn nlaro TPQQ39I39QP QMHhQCiC nn nl Ir39lI Irina ncurhnlnniral raic 39 IU JIGLC 5 CGLCI CIIIPIIGDID UII IIUI LUI Ills JDYLIIUIUEILGI LIGILD To promote warm verbally stimulating interaction with children 0 Provide abundant learning resources The Impact of Poverty 0 Lower SES entails poverty 0 Today nearly 12 ofthe population in the US and Canada are poor 0 Population at risks Parents under the age onS with young children elderly people who live alone ethnic minorities and single mothers with preschool children 0 The constant stress of poverty weaken the family system 0 The first few years39 poverty devastate children on physical mental and school achievement Ethiopia 0 One of the highest child malnutrition rates in the world 0 Approximately half ofthe children under five are still malnourished Underweight children are vulnerable to increase risk of death from infectious illness such as diarrhea and pneumonia Negative Effects from Malnutrition Cognitive and physical development deficits High levels of chronic illness Disability in the adult life resulting in reduced work capacity Adverse pregnancy outcomes low birth weight Moderate Factors 0 For children SES impacts wellbeing at multiple levels including both family and neighborhood 0 Three factors bufferSES effects 1 Child ren39s own characteristics 2 Family characteristics 3 Externalsupportsystems Communityneighborhood and school Derived from the Latin word for fellowship Neighborhoods are often stratified by economic status 0 Family stress and child adjustment problems are reduced when family ties to the community are strong Functions of Community 0 Provide a sense of belonging Provide friendships Provide socialization of children Physical Factors in a Community Denshy Noise level Arrangement and types ofhouse Play settings 0 Population characteristics African saying quotIt takes a village to raise a childquot