The Napoleonic Era 1799
The Napoleonic Era 1799 HIST 1120
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This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Meaghan McSorley on Saturday January 31, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to HIST 1120 at George Washington University taught by Professor William Earl Burns in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 192 views. For similar materials see European Civ in World Context in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 01/31/15
The Napoleonic Era 17991815 Affects all of Europe Classic case of the individual shaping history Shaped by the revolution and he had effects on the revolution Pragmatic uses any tool available to himself 1 Early Career Napoleon would have been nothing maybe harder to make it in the old regime he was a supporter of the revolution Part of the Jacobins At 20 leads a successful campaign on Italy 1798 he leads an invasion to Egypt Shows that France is super powerful and they are actually getting at Britain with this envision Napoleon recognizes India as Britain s power but cannot get to India through Egypt stopped at the battle of the Nile Leaves his army behind to deal with it and he leaves and presents himself as a hero to France 2 Seizing Power Seizes power in 1799 in a military coup due to the inefficient court government Napoleon takes the title counsel Five years later he take a more power and begins to call himself Emperor because he wants to be on the same level as the hereditary ruler This is a strategic move because there is not a pervious Emperor in recent history so no one can challenge him to the title This is a good example of the mix of revolution and the old regime A year before the crowing Napoleon establishes a concordat with the Catholic Church so that there is only one church but does not reject religions freedom Avion remains part of France as part of the Concordat Clergy is not a fan of concordat or napoleon Napoleon is crowned in a huge ceremony and is supposed to be crowned by the pope but instead seize the crown himself and places it on his own head 3 The Napoleonic Synthesis Like the career open to the talents Doesn t like Liberty there is not freedom of pressspeech restores the nobility and becomes a fan of the monarchy Turns conquered areas into satellite kingdoms ruled by his brothers only political competent bother never receives a king title of a satellite kingdom Not revolution not old regime weird mix of both a Church and State Allows the Catholic Church to return to France instead of having a separate French Church b Centralization Napoleon is also a fan of centralization Education is centralized University is centralized and there is one over arching French University Code Napoleon Napoleonic Code Centralized legal system Old regime doesn t have anytime of uniform legal code A committee of centralization is establish before Napoleon but he strongly supports the system and it is implemented under his rule 4 Napoleon at War Power in France based on his general ship Napoleon is a master general He is a great strategist a mover of troops and is a mast artillery Global thinker understating of limitations wanted to strike at Britain through Canada but realizes that he cannot there for he sells the North American territories to the United States End of the idea of French power in North America a Napoleonic Europe Crushed Austria and Prussia Germany and Italy and Spain Crushed Brings continental Europe completely under France b Napoleonic Enemies Leaves two problems Russia Though country to conquer It is big and unfeasible to invade maybe the only rule in Europe Napoleon considers treating as an equal Second problem Britain British Navy is better than France and therefore the French cannot get to Britain to conquer it British Navy blockades the French for years in their harbor Therefore cuts Britain out of trade in Europe it is called the Continental System Hard to enforce without navy Many people want the goods coming from Britain When established have to be enforced Have to go to war to enforce the continental system Napoleon invades Russia Russia is bigcoldfar from France Ends as a huge disaster due to these problems Enormous troops casualties This is the biggest and hardest defeat for Napoleon He never recovers People gets tired of these Napoleonic envisions Ferocious gorilla war vicious Spanish are hardcore resistor to Napoleon Napoleonic occupation leads the unification of Germany and sense of rising nationality Battle of Nations All nations rise up against of Napoleon to fight against the French The other Nations then implement Luis the eighteenth and the ruler of France Napoleon is then exiled to Elba and then he comes back to conquer France He then loses the battle of Waterloo his final defeat big defeat against the British Exiled to St Helena where he dies 5 Napoleonic Culture Everything Napoleon statues coins paintings everything Gave France the thing that they wanted France as the ruler of al of Europe Napoleon is the middle of two extremes Old regime vs Extreme Revolution a Education abovetop b Science Liked science Trained in mathematics Part of the Institute of Science brings many scientist to Egypt being of Egyptology Interested in electricity Allowsencourages many scientists to settle and work in Paris Loves giving awards Napoleon will pay you for winning Napoleon loved the sciences because they where apolitical Napoleon is a very much an educated guy loved education but was definitely weary of the education of all because of dangers of free thinking down side due to apoliticalness they don t have to be loyal to anyone Napoleon realizes he doesn t have the support of these scientists Napoleon cleared the deck in Europe for the beginning of the 20th Century Classic What If s of History if Napoleon had not been defeated at Waterloo