Government week 2 test 3
Government week 2 test 3 PSCI 1040
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by UNT_Scientist on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by Gloria Cox in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Goverment in Political Science at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
Test 3 Week 2 Continuing concerns Poverty and its causes and effects, including high unemployment, lower net worth, and high infant mortality rate The high incarceration rate of black Americans High crime rates Family issues, such as children being raised in single parent homes o Discrimination against women Our cultural heritage: patriarchy Patriarchy is a form of social organization in which the man is recognized as the head of the family Patriarchy is the dominant legal, religious, and cultural view in the world today Definition per Oxford dictionary A system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced through the male line We are ears to the JudeoChristian Heritage that places men above women We are heirs to the English Common law, which renders women legally interior “The husband and the wider are one, and that one is the husband.” Blackstone’s Law Manual 1750 Modern women’s movement: causes Election of President Kennedy, with possibility of change Was much younger than Eisenhower Publication of Betty Friedan’s book, The Feminine Mystique Talked about how unhappy women were because the female American dream was different than the male American Dream this awoke females across nation Oral Contraceptives Seen as a way to control pregnancy and their body If you couldn't control your fertility then you can't control your own life. Effects of civil rights movement Watching blacks gain their rights inspired women to have their own movement Mimicked the leadership and ideas Cultural and legal context Concept of the Republican Mother Cultural ideal from beginnings of the nation Romantic paternalism From beginning until around 1908 Protectionism This was the legal standard: women needed some protection in the workplace. Many laws were adopted me including restrictions on hours, amount women could be required to lift and so on 1971 First time supreme court ruled that a law which discriminated on basis of sex violated the equal protection clause 1972 The Supreme Court recognized intermediate scrutiny as the standard for assessing laws and actions that treat women and men differently Legal changes Equal Pay Act of 1963 Women and men have to receive equal pay for equal work, with exceptions for merit, productivity, and seniority Civil rights act of 1964 Only part where women are mentioned is in the provision about employment Education Act Amendments of 1972 Equal Credit Opportunity Act 1974 Allows women to be added to their spouse's credit card to help build their credit while they stayed home Purposed but not ratified: The Equal Rights Amendment In 1972 it was purposed and sent to the states to have 10 years to be ratified. All but three states ratified. Seen more as symbolic by the women's movement Continuing concerns Getting women elected to nation;s heightens offices Women’s salaries are still not equal to those of men childcare is expensive and often unreliable High incidence of poverty in femaleheaded families o Hispanic Americans The numbers Hispanic Americans are the nation's largest and fastest growing racial or ethnic minority groups Hispanic Americans numbers have doubled in the last year Hispanics are 17% of the US and expected to be 29% by 2020 Although the census bureau lumps all Hispanics together, it is useful to identify groups more specifically 64% from Mexico and 9.5% from Puerto Rican origin are lumped together In Texas 10 million people are Hispanic origin 55% of Hispanic population that live in the US live in California, Texas, and Florida (in descending order) Illegal immigration 65% of Hispanics were born in the US Of those born elsewhere 35% about 10 million enter the US without legal permission Important information 25% of Hispanic Americans live in poverty Sociologists suggest that the strong familycentered culture of Hispanic Americans help buffer the effects of poverty The political influence of Hispanic Americans continues to increase In 1996 Hispanic voters were 4.7% of those who voted In 2012 voters were 8.4% of those who voted Currently Mexican Americans are favoring the Democratic Party Lulac league of United Latin American citizens and Maldef Mexican American legal defense and education fund Cesar Chavez organized farm workers and brought about better conditions for those that work in the field, got ballots printed in spanish for people to vote o Asian Americans Data Asian Americans are about 4% of the population Their heritage is Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Filipino, among others In 1882 no Chinese were allowed to come to America In 1922 the Supreme Court ruled that those from Asia and the pacific island were not white and could not apply for citizenship Asian Americans were singled out in the 19th century for discrimination in the law. For example, Chinese were actually excluded from entering the U.S. in 1882. The situation for Americans of Japanese descent went downhill as WWII began and they were sent to internment camps. Twothirds of those interned were American citizens. The Supreme Court upheld these camps in 1944. In 1988, Congress passed the Civil Liberties Act which apologized for the internment and paid reparations to their families. Asian Americans are a fast growing group, and their political clout is also growing. Asian Americans have been the focus of several issues in recent years, including strong educational attainment. In 2012, nearly threefourths of Asian Americans voted for President Obama. This is a change from 20 years ago when fewer than a third voted Democrat. In the span of two decades, the votes of Asian Americans have gone from solidly Republican to increasingly Democratic. o Native Americans Today there are about 2 million full blooded native Americans including Alaskans Indian tribes are considered distinct governments within the us The history of treatment of American Indians is a long, sad story: violence, destruction, theft of land, forced relocations, violation of treaties, poverty, assimilation, isolation, and other forms of mistreatment by federal policies and laws. Federal policies for many years called for isolating Native Americans on reservations administered by the federal government. 1887 Federal government instituted a policy of assimilation. Native languages and rituals were banned. School were limited and tightly controlled. In 2012, 161 Native delegates cast their votes in support of the nomination of President Obama. They also met with important party leaders and made their presence known at the convention (NPR). Many issues remain, including the high rate of poverty, along with poor schools and a terrible health care system. o Gay Americans Gay Americans have considerable political clout, as members of this group tend to have high income and educational levels Important Issues include gay marriage. Currently, 70 %of Americans favor allowing gay marriage, while 30% oppose. Public opinion has been changing rapidly on this subject, which has helped. Should gay Americans be able to serve in the U.S. military? If so, how should they be treated? Don’t Ask Don’t Tell policy was ended in September 2011. Laws punishing certain also overturned the Texas sodomy law in 2003, which keeps local policy from arresting gay persons for such practices. The biggest issue was gay marriage, which was settled by the Supreme Court in 2015. Prior to the Court’s action, 37 states allow gay marriage. Of the 37, 26 allow it by court decision, 8 by state legislative action, and 3 by popular vote. o Americans with disabilities Persons with disabilities, many of them veterans, have lobbied hard for legislation to provide them with equal protection. In 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act became law. The law extends the protections of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to persons with disabilities. The law also requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for employees. Students are also covered by this law. It is estimated that 56 million Americans are disabled to some degree.