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Government week 2 test 3

by: UNT_Scientist

Government week 2 test 3 PSCI 1040


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About this Document

These are the notes for the second week of the third test. We covered things like womens rights, latino rights, native american rights and asian american rights.
Gloria Cox
Class Notes
rights, civil liberties, Government, Test 3, Cox
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by UNT_Scientist on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by Gloria Cox in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Goverment in Political Science at University of North Texas.


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Date Created: 04/03/16
Test 3  Week 2   Continuing concerns   Poverty and its causes and effects, including high unemployment,  lower net worth, and high infant mortality rate   The high incarceration rate of black Americans   High crime rates  Family issues, such as children being raised in single parent  homes  o Discrimination against women   Our cultural heritage: patriarchy   Patriarchy  is a form of social organization in which the man is  recognized as the head of the family   Patriarchy is the dominant legal, religious, and cultural view in the world today  Definition per Oxford dictionary  A system of society or government in which the father or  eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced  through the male line  We are ears to the Judeo­Christian Heritage that places men  above women   We are heirs to the English Common law, which renders women  legally interior  “The husband and the wider are one, and that one is the  husband.” ­­Blackstone’s Law Manual 1750  Modern women’s movement: causes  Election of President Kennedy, with possibility of change   Was much younger than Eisenhower   Publication of Betty Friedan’s book, The Feminine Mystique   Talked about how unhappy women were because the  female American dream was different than the male  American Dream this awoke females across nation   Oral Contraceptives  Seen as a way to control pregnancy and their body   If you couldn't control your fertility then you can't control  your own life.  Effects of civil rights movement   Watching blacks gain their rights inspired women to have  their own movement   Mimicked the leadership and ideas  Cultural and legal context   Concept of the Republican Mother­ Cultural ideal from  beginnings of the nation   Romantic paternalism   From beginning until around 1908   Protectionism   This was the legal standard: women needed some  protection in the workplace. Many laws were adopted me  including restrictions on hours, amount women could be  required to lift and so on  1971  First time supreme court ruled that a law which  discriminated on basis of sex violated the equal protection  clause   1972 The Supreme Court recognized intermediate scrutiny as  the standard for assessing laws and actions that treat women and  men differently  Legal changes   Equal Pay Act of 1963  Women and men have to receive equal pay for equal work, with exceptions for merit, productivity, and seniority  Civil rights act of 1964   Only part where women are mentioned is in the provision  about employment   Education Act Amendments of 1972  Equal Credit Opportunity Act 1974  Allows women to be added to their spouse's credit card to  help build their credit while they stayed home   Purposed but not ratified: The Equal Rights Amendment   In 1972 it was purposed and sent to the states to have 10  years to be ratified. All but three states ratified. Seen more  as symbolic by the women's movement   Continuing concerns   Getting women elected to nation;s heightens offices   Women’s salaries are still not equal to those of men childcare is  expensive and often unreliable   High incidence of poverty in female­headed families  o Hispanic Americans  The numbers   Hispanic Americans are the nation's largest and fastest growing  racial or ethnic minority groups   Hispanic Americans numbers have doubled in the last year   Hispanics are 17% of the US and expected to be 29% by 2020  Although the census bureau lumps all Hispanics together, it is  useful to identify groups more specifically  64% from Mexico and 9.5% from Puerto Rican origin are lumped  together   In Texas 10 million people are Hispanic origin   55% of Hispanic population that live in the US live in California,  Texas, and Florida (in descending order)  Illegal immigration   65% of Hispanics were born in the US   Of those born elsewhere 35% about 10 million enter the US  without legal permission   Important information   25% of Hispanic Americans live in poverty  Sociologists suggest that the strong family­­centered culture of  Hispanic Americans help buffer the effects of poverty   The political influence of Hispanic Americans continues to  increase   In 1996 Hispanic voters were 4.7% of those who voted  In 2012 voters were 8.4% of those who voted  Currently Mexican Americans are favoring the Democratic Party   Lulac ­league of United Latin American citizens and Maldef­  Mexican American legal defense and education fund    Cesar Chavez  organized farm workers and brought about better  conditions for those that work in the field, got ballots printed in  spanish for people to vote  o Asian Americans   Data  Asian Americans are about 4% of the population   Their heritage is Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Filipino, among  others  In 1882 no Chinese were allowed to come to America  In 1922 the Supreme Court ruled that those from Asia and the  pacific island were not white and could not apply for citizenship   Asian Americans were singled out in the 19th century for  discrimination in the law. For example, Chinese were actually  excluded from entering the U.S. in 1882.  The situation for Americans of Japanese descent went downhill as WWII began and they were sent to internment camps. Two­thirds  of those interned were American citizens. The Supreme Court  upheld these camps in 1944.  In 1988, Congress passed the Civil Liberties Act which apologized for the internment and paid reparations to their families.  Asian Americans are a fast growing group, and their political clout  is also growing.  Asian Americans have been the focus of several issues in recent  years, including strong educational attainment. In 2012, nearly  three­fourths of Asian Americans voted for President Obama. This is a change from 20 years ago when fewer than a third voted  Democrat.  In the span of two decades, the votes of Asian Americans have  gone from solidly Republican to increasingly Democratic. o Native Americans   Today there are about 2 million full blooded native Americans including  Alaskans   Indian tribes are considered distinct governments within the us   The history of treatment of American Indians is a long, sad story:  violence, destruction, theft of land, forced relocations, violation of treaties, poverty, assimilation, isolation, and other forms of mistreatment by federal policies and laws.  Federal policies for many years called for isolating Native Americans on  reservations administered by the federal government.  1887  Federal government instituted a policy of assimilation.  Native languages and rituals were banned.  School were limited and tightly controlled.  In 2012, 161 Native delegates cast their votes in support of the  nomination of President Obama. They also met with important party  leaders and made their presence known at the convention (NPR).  Many issues remain, including the high rate of poverty, along with poor  schools and a terrible health care system. o Gay Americans   Gay Americans have considerable political clout, as members of this  group tend to have high income and educational levels  Important Issues include gay marriage. Currently, 70 %of Americans  favor allowing gay marriage, while 30% oppose. Public opinion has been  changing rapidly on this subject, which has helped.  Should gay Americans be able to serve in the U.S. military? If so, how  should they be treated? Don’t Ask Don’t Tell policy was ended in  September 2011.  Laws punishing certain also overturned the Texas sodomy law in 2003,  which keeps local policy from arresting gay persons for such practices.  The biggest issue was gay marriage, which was settled by the Supreme  Court in 2015.  Prior to the Court’s action, 37 states allow gay marriage. Of the 37, 26  allow it by court decision, 8 by state legislative action, and 3 by popular  vote. o Americans with disabilities   Persons with disabilities, many of them veterans, have lobbied hard for  legislation to provide them with equal protection.  In 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act became law. The law extends the protections of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to persons with  disabilities. The law also requires employers to make reasonable  accommodations for employees. Students are also covered by this law.  It is estimated that 56 million Americans are disabled to some degree.


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