Global Geography Notes Week 11
Global Geography Notes Week 11 GEOG 1010 - 003
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GEOG 1010 - 003
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Bixler on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 - 003 at Auburn University taught by Daniel A McGowin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 131 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
Global Geography Notes Week 11 March 29, 2016 (Exercise 1.3- defining regions, 3.1- Gulf Stream, 5.2- Nomadic Life style- of these exercises are for if your last name starts with A to J 1.3-defining regions, 4.1-The Disappearing Sea, and 6.1- Plate tectonics are fro last names starting with K through Z) Africa 37 degrees N to 35 degrees (it is in the northern and southern hemisphere) S- historically remote and isolated- Why? The Sahara Desert- affects Sub- Saharan areas, smooth coastlines, Size- over 3 times the size of the US. Some of the greatest civilizations in human history have been here. But mental images of Africa- war, starvation, evil dictators But they do have large cities, natural beauty, diverse wild life Sub Saharan Africa- everything south of the Sahara Democratic Republic of the Congo- by size- largest country in Africa. About1.3 times the size of Alaska- GDP per capita is $738 a year- very poor The Great War of Africa (the second Congo War)- it involved several other countries- involved countries from the north and the south. Wars have been going on since about 1995. Zaire- gained independent after WWII. Was a Belgium colony. Zaire was very stable-had leadership that shut conflict down. Leadership named the country Zaire because it was considered a more African name. There is a lot of power in naming. They change it to gain power and identity. Mobutu Sese Seko- dictator- but Zaire flourished under his authoritative leadership. They had a strong tourism industry. But people got fed up- the capital and all the money was in the west- People in the east (lead by Laurent Kablia) decided to rise up and Mobutu was forced to flee. Ever since then the country has been in turmoil. Country’s name was changed to DR Congo- tourists don’t go here any more. No one invests their money here. Kantanga providence has pushed for independence- they see themselves as different as the rest of DR Congo- DR Congo won’t allow them to leave- very rich area in resources. The Other Congo- French colony Belgium Congo was done under King Leopold II- worst colonizer- massacred people in his colony- chopped of hands. Used labor to exploit the land’s resources. Nomadic People- people began to settle rather than walking around looking for food. This is where kingdoms start. Many East and Western kingdoms preyed of the central kingdoms. Egypt- one of the earliest civilizations in the world. Kush Kingdom- 1070 BC- 350 Ad- broke away from Egypt. Axum Kingdom- was located on the Red Sea was important because of trade. Lots of ivory, gold and spices that were traded with Europeans Mali Empire- rose up in the west. Muslim empire- Timbuktu (capital) was an important education center for the world- math and chemistry. Also was an important area for trade- Gold (found in the South) and Salt (found in the North). Salt was extremely valuable. The location between the salt and gold mines made the Mali kingdom very prosperous. Zulu Kingdom- last kingdom to survive. Last resistance from European powers. Impact is still seen today. Zulu language still spoken in some parts of Africa- concentrated in south parts of South Africa. Zulu is technically the number one language in South Africa in terms of first languages. Niger- Congo- one of the few true African languages that still exist. Khoisan- clicking language. No written account of the language. Some clicking languages are only about 100 people speak it. Xhosa- 4 basic clicks. Only one country with an main Africa based language- Ethiopia. The most common official language is French. English is number 2. Germanic languages (like English) mostly in the west. Europeans came and settles the west because that is the land they wanted the most- forced the Africans to the east. Religion- North Africa is dominated by Islam. Sub-Saharan is almost exclusively Christian. Some places still have traditional languages though- Voodoo- Ancestral religion. March 31, 2016 Tropical weather regimes-air converges and rises toward the equator The noth/ south of the intertropical gocergence zone- dramatic contrasts- tropical rain forests vs the Saharah Covective storms-pop up thunderstorms- high level of lightning.-africa=lightning center if the world Level of precipitation- East Africa is prone to drought. El nino can cause even more devastating dought Plate techtonics- Astenosphere- not molten, flows, plastic, under the lithosphere Lithosphere top layer- thin and brittle Movement of plates occurs because of convection cells in the asthenosphere. Key difference between continental- thick – Oceanic- thinner and lower Convergence, divergence, transform- different boundaries Transform- San Andres Fault. Plates slide past on another. Can form mountains, basins, earth quakes occur here. Convergent boundaries- oceanic plates slides under continental plate. Mountian ranges occur- Ex- Olypmic Penninsula. Continental continental convergence- casue very high mountains as they push together. Ex- TIbetin Platue. Convergence- oceanic oceanic- oceanic trenches, island archs Axial (drop down) valley-very step vally in Africa Rolling highlands- very fertile Divergent- plates move apart- Red sea is a result. Virunga Volcanoes are formed in Africa because of this. Mt Kiliminjaro- tallest mountain/ in active volcano in Africa The African Great Lakes- tremendous bio diversity- lots of flamingos, Cichlid Fishes Lake Kivu- species poor but rich deposites of methane. Lake Victoria- 2 ndlargest lake in the world. Africa’s largest inland fishery- main source of the Nile River. Invasive Species are a problem. Water Hyacinth- plant that has taken over bay, can kill off fish. Africa’s dealist lake because of thunderstorms- kill around 5,000 fishermen a year.
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