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History 101B, Week 11 Notes

by: Tatyana Mims

History 101B, Week 11 Notes

Marketplace > Southern Illinois University Carbondale > History > > History 101B Week 11 Notes
Tatyana Mims
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

This also includes week 10 notes as well
History of World Civ II
Class Notes
History 101B, Wiesen
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tatyana Mims on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Wiesen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see History of World Civ II in History at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


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Date Created: 04/03/16
Revolutionary Aftermath of WWI I. World War I Casualties Armenian Genocide Weakened Europe Birth rates were low Starvation Diseases  Spanish Influenza  Brought back by soldiers from the frontline  5% of world died from virus II. Peace Treaties & Territorial Changes Treaty of Versailles  Woodrow Wilson  Territories would soon become small ownership  Making it entirely Germany’s fault for the war  Huge debts in terms of money & goods  Others remained unsatisfied too  Peace treaty that was too harsh League of Nation  Prevent wars happening like this again III. Socialist Revolutions in Europe Vladimir Lenin  Built a group of followers  Takeover from most modern officers Russian Revolution Soviet Union/USSR IV. Liberation movements in India Soviet Union in power British have won but are weakening Mohandas Gandhi  Western trained lawyer  Schooled in London  Hindu leader  Nonviolent methods V. Liberation movements in Africa Egyptians saw a drain of food supplies Most of Africa will not see independence for awhile Pushed for more control over fate Satyagraha Negritude  Celebrated a way in looking at the black body  Creating art celebrating culture body figures  Unite people behind the idea that we don’t have to be apart of this imperial world Key Terms Armenian Genocide (1915-1917) Spanish Influenza (1918-1919) Treaty of Versailles (1919) Woodrow Wilson League of Nations Mandates Vladimir Lenin Russian Revolution (1917) Soviet Union/ USSR Mohandas Gandhi Satyagraha Negritude Russia & Japan: Industrialization and Modernization I. Russia & Japan: Similarities a. Behind times of respect towards arm and navy b. Under went industrialization later c. Try to keep up with the west d. Most important players of 20 century e. Imperialist power that would be involved in the world wars of th the 20 century f. Resisted and absorbed western ideas II. Russian Reforms and Industrialization a. Crimean War i. (1853-56) ii. Russian empire against Ottoman empire iii. When Russia invaded ottoman empire to protect Christians in the holy lands iv. Britain gets involves and helps Ottoman empire win b. Florence Nightingale i. British nurse ii. Lady with the lamp iii. Became symbol of female power iv. Responsible for the beginnings of modern nursing v. Setup first nursing program vi. “mother of modern nursing” c. Emancipation of the Serfs d. Military reforms i. Merits and promotions in ranks e. Trans-Siberian Railroad i. Huge engineering feet f. Still no middle class, no real entrepreneur i. Remained a peasant society III. The ‘Opening” of Japan a. Major obstacles b. Emperor did not have much power i. Ceremonial figure ii. Shoguns iii. Samurais c. “open” Japan i. Why did the US take the initiative in “opening” Japan? 1. Manifest destiny 2. Whaling had brought US ships close to Japan 3. Need for coaling stations for new steamships 4. Protestant missionary activities where Catholicism had failed ii. Matthew Perry 1. Threaten to bombarded ports 2. Shelling some Japanese cities 3. Gave white flags to Japanese 4. Asked for trading privileges, protection, diplomatic relations; waited a year for an answer a. Yes or war b. Brought presents to the emperor i. Model train ii. California wine d. Meji restoration IV. Maji Reforms a. Dynasty looks toward the west to try and catch up b. New centralized administration c. Samurais studied at mid-western universities d. 1870- samurai class was abolished completely e. Why didn’t west formally colonize Japan? i. Poor in resources ii. Compactness of country forged national unity- westerners could not take advantage of divisions within the society iii. Homogenous culture and ethnicity iv. Isolation meant no local lords who had fostered ties with west v. Japan ready to take ideas from west and use them for its own purposes vi. Sheer luck V. Russo-Japanese War a. Two modernizing powers running into each other b. Russia began sponsoring anti-Japanese groups in Korea c. Defeat for the Russians d. Peace Treaty made by Teddy Roosevelt VI. Russian Revolution of 1905 a. Humiliation threw Russia into war b. Demanding better working conditions c. Bloody Sunday d. Duma i. Allowed some advisory role ii.Did much of nothing


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