Communication and Pop Culture - COM 245 3/31 Class Notes
Communication and Pop Culture - COM 245 3/31 Class Notes COM 245
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Justin Hynes on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COM 245 at Pace University taught by Marcella Szablewicz in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Communication & Pop Culture in Journalism and Mass Communications at Pace University.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
3/31 – Whiteness & White Privilege ORIENTALISM The Orient crosses continents from North Ameirca and Turkey to China and Japan “odd system of categorizing, of ordering the world through a discourse in which the Orient becomes the Other, the antithesis of the West.” (28) - Edward Said • The “Other” as a category of people • “Othering” as a process Whiteness as Invisible • In most cases, the “race” of minorities is visible (blackness, latino, asian) but “whiteness” is not. The privilege and power of the white male is taken for granted. Richard Dyer, The Matter of Whiteness (1997) • “There is no more powerful position than that of being ‘just’ human. The claim to power is the claim to speak for the commonality of humanity” • “Witness needs to be made strange” (11) • How can we achieve this? Normative Race Privilege & the Invisible Knapsack (Peggy Macintosh, 1988) “As a white person…..” Hall’s Grammar of Race - “The Whites of Their Eyes” Orientalist + Othering White Invisibility/Privilege ROLAND BARTHES - Father of Semiotics Barthes’ Myth • Denotation v. Connotation • Signs are more polysemic (meaning that they have more potential meanings) at the connotative level • Taken together, the denotation and connotation create a myth ◦ “myth makes what us cultural seem natural” “French toys always mean something, and this is something is always entirely socialized, constituted by the myths of the techniques of modern adult life; the Army, Broadcasting, the Post Office, Medicine (miniature instrument cases, operating theaters for dolls), School. Hair-Styling (driers for permanent-waving) the Air Force (Parachutists), Transport (trains, citroens, vedettes, vespas, petrol-stations), Science (martian toys).” Toys and Gender… “There exist, for instance, dolls which urinate; they have an esophagus, one gives them a bottle, they wet their nappies, soon, no doubt, milk will turn tower in their stomachs. This is meant to prepare the little girl for the causality of house-keeping, to condition her to her future role as mother.” • ‘french toys are usually based on imitation, they are meant to produce children who are users, not creators” • What does Barthes mean by this? DOLLS, RACE, & REPRESENTATION Brown v. Board of Education 1954 “To separate blacks from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling id inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely to ever be undone” - Chief Justice Earl Warren • What do you make of Elizabeth Chin’s study of “ethnically correct dolls”? • Study conducted in the early 90s, in working-class neighborhood in New Haven ’91 Shani Dolls Queering Barbie? And the Limitations of This? • Erica Rand, Barbie’s Queer Accessories • ‘Rand’s notion of queering highlights the bending, twisting, or flipping of apparently real or natural accepted social states, and she explores a variety of ways in which Barbie gets queered….” (307) Beyond Barbie… Goldieblocks
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