Intro to Philosophy: Greek Foundations Notes Week Nine
Intro to Philosophy: Greek Foundations Notes Week Nine Philosophy 10200
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Gendron on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Philosophy 10200 at Ithaca College taught by Prof. Robert Klee in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy Greek Foundations in PHIL-Philosophy at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
Intro to Philosophy Greek Foundations Notes Week Nine nd Gorgias – The 2 most famous sophist behind Protagoras Meno We are introduced to the Platonic account of knowledge as recollection, which requires a belief in immortality of the human soul On Pg. 247 there is a brief treatment of the Socratic doctrine that all evil is done through ignorance and weakness of will is impossible A prime example of Socrates’ false modesty can be found in segment 71B Realism – Things are true or false whether or not people know them to actually be true or false Anti-Realism – Things are only true or false if people know that they are true or false Equivocation – Using a word in an argument that has multiple meanings Meno’s argument to Socrates over the idea of arête comes to a climax at his statement: “Virtue is to desire beautiful things and have the power to acquire them” Tips For Writing A Philosophy Paper 1.)In philosophy it is not enough merely to have an opinion on an issue, you are expected to defend such an opinion by argument 2.)Not everything counts as an argument. Avoid: a. “I believe _______” fallacy b. Circular reasoning fallacy- begging the question c. Straw person fallacy d. Ad hominem fallacy- attacking the person not the issue 3.)Look for: a. Inconsistency between concepts used to support a view b. Ways in which what is being argued contradicts other things we already know to be the case c. The implausibility of presuppositions on which a philosophical view relies - Derive the conclusion from things that aren’t just the same premises repeated over and over The learners Paradox depends on ocular metaphors Psyche in between carnations dwells within the forms Meno If justice is a part of virtue then justice cannot be appealed to in defining virtue Circular reasoning causes the conversation to become a quandary about learning because learning would seem to be impossible because then how would one recognize a new piece of knowledge All learning is recollection Birth causes permanent amnesia- teachers simply provide cues through life that help you remember what you already know/knew When the soul was in the underworld it learns all things This is proved by Socrates by calling over Meno’s attendant to help him remember a geometric theorem o Everyone assumes he is naïve and uneducated o Socrates does so in a way of not giving out all of the info, but in a way that helps the boy “recall” Commentators will say he is asking leading questions