History2001, Week 11 Notes
History2001, Week 11 Notes HIST2001
Popular in 20th Century European History
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jay Morgan on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST2001 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Professor Ethan Katz in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see 20th Century European History in History at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
Week 11 Post World War II The Soviet Union claims surrounding satellite countries around Russia as well as Eastern Germany. These include countries like Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Poland. The United States, France and Great Britain take control of Western Germany. - Creation of Spheres of Influence Common Goals and Conflicting Interests Both the Soviet Union and the Allies de-militarize Germany while de- Nazifying. Includes hunting down, classifying, arresting and imprisoning/executing supporters of the Nazi party, destroying propaganda, removing administrators and educators. - Some areas have higher statistics in finding varying degree of Nazi supporters. The Allies wanted to revitalize and reform Germany, but Russia wanted reparations for what they lost in the war. - France was opposed to centralizing Germany’s government In 1948, the United States creates the Marshall Plan (providing $13 billion to rebuilding the war torn economies of Germany and Western Europe. Germany is split into the Western and Eastern blocks (democracy vs communism) - Local democracies in Germany, but citizens are skeptical due to the failure of the Weimer Republic. Support does not come until 1950s economic boost. The Soviet Union goes on to dismantle East Germany’s production - Almost two thousand production plants eliminated. - Soviets demand one-fourth of East Germany’s wealth in reparations. - Upper class is eliminated and large estates are seized and given to agricultural. Some peasants get some of the land, but creates dependency on the government. The Soviets blockade Eastern Berlin from the Allies. The Allies respond with using air planes to drop supplies to suffering people over the blockade. Thousands of flights from 1948 and 1949. Russia eventually ceases the blockade. De-Nazification Efforts, Five classes of Nazi supporters 1. Major offenders 2. Offenders 3. Lesser offenders 4. Followers 5. Exonerated Large administration created to investigating hundreds of thousands and classifying supporters. - Other acts beyond imprisoning/executing supporters, old social and economic forms are removed. Administrators, educators, and judges are replaced. Nazi literature and propaganda are destroyed. Consolidation of Power The Allies understand Russia’s military interest in a buffer zone. (surrounding states in Eastern Europe). The United States enable Russia to have Eastern Europe. Russia figures out nuclear weaponry. Now the Soviet Union and the United States have atomic weapons that can obliterate each other. Mutually Assured Destruction - Leads to espionage, spheres of influence, battles of ideology. Communist sympathizers are defeated in Italy and Greece, but legal communist parties are created elsewhere in Eastern Europe. Russia de-militarizes. From an army of 12 million to 3 million. Eastern Germany In 1961, the Soviets erect the Berlin Wall in effort to prevent Eastern Europeans from immigrating to the West. Conditions - Living conditions are very poor. - Lack of resources and food. - Blacklisted items and censorship. - Propaganda saying the people put the communist party first, then to themselves and their family. *this is also discussed in our reading “How We Survived Communism and Even Laughed”
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