intro psyc PSYC 1010
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samuel Croteau on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1010 at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences taught by Prof Underwood in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
Acetylcholine (ACh) A neurotransmitter involved Broca’s Area: in learning, memory. And muscle movement. (46) CannonBard Theory: A Theory of emotion proposing that an emotion is determined from Agonist: A drug or poison that increases the activity simultaneously occurring physiological arousal, of one or more neurotransmitters. (46) behavioral responses, and cognitive appraisal. (58) Amygdala: Cell Body: The part of the neuron that contains its nucleus and the other biological machinery to keep the cell alive and that decides whether or not to generate a neural impulse in order to pass incoming Antagonist: A drug or poison that decreases the information on to other neurons. (41) activity of one or more neurotransmitters. (46) Central Nervous System (CNS): The brain and Association Cortex: spinal cord. (51) Cerebellum: A part of the brain involved in the Autonomic Nervous System: The part of the PNS coordination of our movements, sense of balance, that regulates the functioning of the internal and motor learning. (62) environment (Glands and organs, like the heart, lungs, and stomach). (53) Cerebral Cortex: Axon: The long, singular fiber projecting out of the cell body of a neuron whose function is to conduct Consciousness: the neural impulse from the cell body to the axon terminals triggering chemical communication with other neurons. (41) Corpus Callosum: Basal Ganglia: Dopamine: A neurotransmitter involved in arousal and mood states, though processes, and physical movement. (46) BloodBrain Barrier: A protective mechanism by which the blood capillaries supplying the brain create a barrier that prevents dangerous substances Emotion: A complex Psychological state that access to the brain. (47) involves a state of physiological arousal, an outward behavioral expression of the emotion and a cognitive appraisal of the situation to determine the each other and between sensory and motor neurons specific emotion and its intensity. (56) in the spinal cord. (52) Endocrine Glandular System: The body’s other major communication system. Communication JamesLange Theory: A theory of emotion through hormones that are secreted by endocrine proposing that an emotion is determined from a glands and travel through the bloodstream to their cognitive appraisal of the physiological arousal and target cells. (54Depending on their class type, and the behavioral responses, which occur first. (57) stream. Hydrophobic must bind to a carrier protein to travel long distances over the cytosol. Hydrophilic signals must bind to a receptor on the transmembrane portion of the target cell in order to move across the membrane, it was previously moved out of the membrane by exocyto is LDopa: A drug for Parkinson’s disease that contains precursors to dopamine so that once it is in the brain, it will be converted to dopamine. (47) Frontal Lobe: Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI): A computerized image of the activity levels of various Limbic System: areas in the brain generated by detecting the amount of oxygen brought to each area. (45) Medulla: A brain stem structure involved in many essential body functions such as a heartbeat, GABA (GammaAminobutyric Acid): The main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the nervous system. It breathing, blood pressure, digestion, and swallowing. (61) is involved in memory, storage, pain perceptions, strokes, and schizophrenia. (48). Motor Cortex: Glial Cells (glia): Cells in the nervous system that comprise the support system for the neurons. (40) Motor Neurons: Neurons in the PNS that carry movement commands from the CNS out to the rest Hippocampus: of the body. (52) Hormone: A chemical messenger that is produced by and endocrine gland and carried by the bloodstream to target tissues throughout the body. (54) Myelin Sheath: An insulating layer covering an axon that allows for faster neural impulses. (42) Hypothalamus: Neurons: Cells that transmit information within the Interneurons: Neurons that integrate information nervous system. (40) within the CNS through their communications with in the brain generated by detecting the amount of Neurotransmitter: A naturally occurring chemical in the nervous system that specializes in transmitting positron emission created by the metabolization of information between neurons. (44) radioactive glucose in each area. (44) REM (Rapid Eye Movement) Sleep: Occipital Lobe: Reticular Formation: A network of neurons running up the center of the brain stem that is responsible Parasympathetic Nervous System: The part of the for our different levels of arousal and autonomic nervous system that returns the body to consciousness. (62) its normal resting state after having been highly arouses, as in an emergency. (53) SchachterSinger TwoFactor Theory: A theory of Parietal Lobe: emotion proposing that an emotion is determined by cognitive appraisal of the physiological arousal and the entire environmental situation. (58) Parkinson’s Disease: A disease in which the person has movement problems such as muscle tremors, difficulty initiating movements, and rigidity of Selective Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake movement. These movement problems stem from a Inhibitors (SSNRIs): Antidepressant drugs that scarcity of dopamine in the basal ganglia. (46) achieve their agnostic effect on serotonin and norepinephrine by selectively blocking their reuptake. (48) Peripheral Nervous System (PNS): The part of the nervous system that links the CNS with the body’s sensory receptors, muscles and glands. (51) Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): Antidepressant drugs that achieve their agnostic effect on serotonin by selectively blocking its Pituitary Gland: The most influential gland in the reuptake. (48) endocrine glandular system It releases hormones for human growth and hormones that direct other endocrine glands to release their hormones. (54) Sensory Neurons: Neurons in the PSN that carry information to the CNS from sensory receptors, Pons: A brain stem structure that serves as a bridge muscles, and glands. (52) between the cerebellum and the rest of the brain, and is involved in sleep and dreaming. (61) Serotonin and Norepinephrine: Neurotransmitters involved in levels of arousal and mood, sleep, and Position Emission Tomography (PET) Scans: A eating. (47) visual display if the activity levels in various areas we are highly aroused, as in an emergency, and need to prepare for defensive action. (53) Somatic (Skeletal) Nervous System: The part of the PNS that carries sensory input from the receptors to the CNS and relays commands from the CNS to the skeletal muscles to control their movement. (53) Somatosensory Cortex: Synaptic Gap (Synapse): The microscopic gap between neurons across which neurotransmitters travel to carry their messages to other neurons. (44) Spinal Cord: The conduit between the brain and the PNS for incoming sensory data and outgoing Temporal Lobe: movement commands to the muscles. (52) Thalamus: Spinal Reflex: A simple automatic reaction of the spinal cord not requiring involvement of the brain, such as the knee –jerk reflex. (52) Wernicke’s Area Dendrites: Fibers Projecting out of the cell body of a neuron Sympathetic Nervous System: The part of the whose function is to receive information from other neurons. autonomic nervous system that is in control when (41)
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