AHS 102 Week 11 Notes
AHS 102 Week 11 Notes AHS 102
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Gardner on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHS 102 at Ball State University taught by Natalie E Phillips in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 2 in Art History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
Impressionism Continued Revised list of Impressionism Characteristics 1. Capture the impression of nature 2. Study how light affects forms 3. Looking to ephemeral aspects of nature 4. Often used lighter colors (pastel) b/c capturing effects of light 5. Loose, sketchy brushwork 6. Focus on modern technology and upper class leisure 7. Influenced by photography and Japanese prints Work to Know: Gare St. Lazare by Monet Plein Air painting = painting outdoors Work to Know: Ballet Rehearsal by Edgar Degas Had access to practices and backstage of a dancing troupe Influence of photography (cropped figures) Influence of Japanese prints – odd perspective Post Impressionism 1880s-1900s or late 19 th century Characteristics Influenced by impressionists Added more emotion Made it more permanent Two styles Ordered, stable style based on lived experience Expressionistic: based on the imagination Work to Know: Mt. Sainte Victoire, by Paul Cerzanne Limit of color pallete Focus on form rather than color Believed form in nature were derived from geometry Brushstrokes look very square, looks more permanent Similar to Monet studies Same object tackled at different angles Realism is disappearing, modern art is more abstract Colors a little stronger and solid than impressionist Work to Know: Bowl of Cherries by Paul Cerzanne Desk isn’t receding into background Empasizing medium specific work, painting is flat Infleunced by Japanese art Work to Know: A Sunday on Le Grande Jatte, by George Seurat Took about 2 year to finish this iconic painting o Dots paint on canvas is pointillism o Artist thinking about frame o Almost followed grains of canvas o Thinks about painting a scientific, systematic was Studying optics Contrasting colors make the painting seem to flicker, sense of movement Contrast to figures, look like statues. No ephemeral qualities Impressionistic color pallete Upper class leisure Figures kind of columnar and influenced by Egyptian art – permanence, stablility Work to Know: The Circus, George Seurat Interested in understanding emotion in a scientific way Happy = bright colors, upturned lines Overly intellectualizing Crowd doesn’t look very excited Everything turned upwards, looks a little artificial Calm = dark, downturned lines Circus sideshow o Dark palette, slumped posture Vincent Van Gogh Interested in self portraiture Interested in inner psychology Bright colors, moving toward expressionism Work to Know: Letter to Theo, by Vincent Van Gogh Details, emotions, illustrations Brother supported him financially Pretty troubled, committed suicide Mental institutions, painted while he was there Painted starry night there too Work to Know: Self Portrait with Bandaged Ear by Vincent Van Gogh Gaugin lived with Van Gogh and got in a fight Van Gogh was sweet, Gaugin was arrogant and aggressive Cut off lower part of his ear – Gaugin might have cut it off. Did give it to a prostitute Work to Know: The Potato Eaters by Vincent Van Gogh Realist color scheme, Marxist themed work Did not like the city and industrialization Had wanted to be a preacher, then became and artist Oil paint is expensive Holy glow looks very sympathetic more spiritual in contrast to corrupt city dweller Brown = subjective color – from imagination Hand are gnarled – marx said that industrial was was dehumanizing People are so connected to earth they look like potatoes Hints of religion in work Cross in the corner = good pure Christian family Bright color and visible works characterizes his work Work to Know: Starry Night by Vincent Van Gogh Paint was so thick it was almost sculptural Asylum of Saint Remy Memory of hometown, chapel is nod to religion Uses short dashed to make turbulent swirling night sky Makes scene look alive Might be his internal state Thick, heavy paint Impasto = build up of surface – makes painting come to life Work to Know: Sunflowers by Vincent Van Gogh Self Portrait o He only signed a few of his paintings Odd placement of signature – on vase Claiming it as himself Color Pallette = hair Flower brushstrokes = wild (his state of mind) o Expressive purpose, not caputing ephemeral qualities of nature Japonisme A fad/frenzy about Japanese prints. Everyone wanted one Comparison to Know: Work to Know: Hiroshige, Flowering Tree o Prominent feature = strong diagonals cutting aross the composition Work to Know: Van Gogh, Flowering Plum Tree o Copied a lot of Japanese prints o Same diagonal composition as Hiroshige Work to Know: Wheatfield with Crows by Vincent Van Gogh Deeper depression, committed suicide in the field Shoots himself, mumbled something went upstairs in hotel Historians not sure about the true story Heaviness to the work, can sense depression Artist: Paul Gauguin Thought the city wasn’t good Rural and isolated life was good Paul escaped city life Work to Know: The Vision after the Sermon by Gaugin Went to Brittany, France Mostly women, right after church Jacob wresting the angel = vision Diagonal tree separates reality and the vision (taken from Japanese prints) Vision not odd to the people. Pay homage and move on Artist extending his own views on the people – making them look hyper religious Work to Know: Yellow Christ by Paul Gaugin Yellow = spirituality Pay homage to vision but no surprise again Idealized life separate from corrupt city Gaugin went to Tahiti Abandoned wife and children Had several mistresses along the way (and in Tahiti) Imposed traditional Christian views/ imagery on the Tahitian people. o Not values. This guy was obviously not Christian himself (see above). o Anyway… Work to Know: We Hail Thee Mary by Paul Gaugin Tahitian Madonna and Child (halos) Showing them as kind of primitive Angel in Bg is blue and yellow (color combo = intense spirituality) Work to Know: Spirit of the Dead Watching by Paul Gaugin Believes in evil spirits o Exotic and different from west (exaggerating) Making a direct opposite to Olympia
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