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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Keatyn Chambers on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2403 003 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. Cox - Fuenzalida in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Personality in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
PSY Unit 4 03/29/2016 ▯ Bandura and Walter Mischel- Social cognitive learning theory Background info o Thinking and regulating behavior o Interaction with others o Take home message: To learn, you don’t have to be directly inforced/punished o Consequences can happen to someone else and you learn from that o Importance of model on people being tested: light exp. o Disinhibitation, society’s models, chair of models-not in book Reciporical determinism o P,E,B triangle…environment influence person, person influence behavior, etc. Bandura television study o You learn what you observe, all children who watchlearn it o Impact on kids Characteristics on models (besides book) o If the model looks like us…highschool, if someone dresses like you, more likely to engage in their behavior o Age and sex, by the age of 2 theres enough attention they can delay imitation. More likely to imitate sex same, boysphyscial aggression o Status..ex: more likely to follow a jay walker if dressed in a suit o Behavior displayed o Size and weight of model..younger kids less likely to imitate older kids if older are over weight Characteristics of observers (on d2l) o Age: infant immediate, by 2 delay immiating behavior o Self confidence and self esteem: lowermore likely to copy even if its agasint what they believe o If you have been previously reinforced for immitaing behaviormore likely to imitate other behavior “good job you did it just like your sister” o Kids in punishment group where more likely to inhibit than to follow ▯ 3/31 Observational learning o -Process governing observational learning Attentional..colors, sound, etc. which would make you attend to a model Retentional (delayed) have to be able to retain it, if not you wont be able to preform it later Motor reproduction (behavioral production) you cant learn it if you arnt able to actually preform it Motivational (reinforcement-behavior outcome expectancies) if reinforced more motivated o Vicarious reinforcement/punishment Bobo doll Structure-self system o Cognitive structure Reference mechanism o Cognitive social person variables Encoding, subjective values, expectancies Behavior-outcome stimulus-outcome (yellow light example…yellow light: slow down/yellow light:speed up) self-efficiency: actually ability to do something (vs. perceived self-efficacy: what you think…ex: very high perceived self efficacy think you can do everything….truth self efficacy: cant do anything, low ability) when not matched can lead to unhealthy behavior self regulatory systems and plans (intrinsic and extrinsic) importance of subjective perceptions not exactly what happens but what that person takes from it competencies-OL observational learning skills learned different from ability Motivation o Representation of future outcomes o Importance of goal setting o Immediate feedback The best: set your own goals based on your own performance Self-regulated behavior and moral conduct o Performance standards o Modeling influence Best-modified by own accomplishments/failures o Moral conduct-self-exonerating mechanisms (self forgiving) Explains inconsistency in behavior Development of psychopathology o Depression, phobias, aggressive behaviors o Dysfunctional expectancies o Boyfriend doesn’t want to be with you anymore..nobody want to be with me, i suck…dysfunctional expectancy You have to think differently, have a different expectancy and you can modify this After tornado: crying/crazy/mess…or “well my family and i are okay and that’s all that matters”..have different expectancies o What we have to do: modify the dysfunctional expectancies o panic attack…let it happen, without meds/etc. they realize their going to be okay….next time they have a panic attack they know they wont die, might change expectancy Psychotherapy o Goal-self regulation-self efficacy *Simple modeling: just observing….spider phobia, makes you observe handling a spider without it doing anything **participant modelin: they do it first, nothing happens then you do it too (more effective) control symbolic modeling: picture/video live modeling: do it (most effective) systematic desensitization: systematically desensitize the person..good clinician does it conversation with the person control ▯ ▯