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HIST 278 Week 12 Notes

by: Lynde Wangler

HIST 278 Week 12 Notes HIST 278

Lynde Wangler
GPA 3.836

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Thursday Lecture
History of the Transatlantic Slave Trade
Lisa Lindsay
Class Notes
History of the TAST
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lynde Wangler on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 278 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by Lisa Lindsay in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see History of the Transatlantic Slave Trade in History at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.


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Date Created: 04/03/16
HIST 278 Week 12 Notes (Just Thursday Lecture) How and Why Britain Abolished the Slave Trade I. Introduction: Britain’s reversal II. Importance of Quakers III. UK Abolition Society a. Personnel b. Groundwork c. Evidence d. Antislavery Activities e. Iconography of the Movement IV. Setbacks in the 1790s V. Slave trade abolition VI. Interpretations  US constitution  protected the slave trade for another 20 years  Main Intellectual Currents of the “Age of Revolution” o The Enlightenment: period of new ideas about science, economic rationality, individual liberty and democracy o The Great Awakening: rise of Evangelical Christianity in the US and UK o Quakers: abolitionists on both sides of the Atlantic  Quaker Antislavery Organizing in the Colonies o 1775: Pennsylvania Abolition Society  Kept in touch with other Quakers  Somewhat prosecuted religious faction, especially in England (1780s)  They were considered strange outsiders so the fact that they opposed slavery did not arouse much concern  Began to reach out to influential non-Quakers (Granville Sharp, Thomas Clarkson, William Wilberforce)  Thomas Clarkson – main leader; won an essay contest in England on the topic of “why Britain should abolish the slave trade” referred to as “The Saints” (3 abolitionists) o They decided to attack the slave trade – not slavery in particular; this was a tactical decision that they thought would eventually lead to the abolition of slavery  They wanted to create a network of anti-slavery organizations; Clarkson traveled vast distances & claimed that they would need evidence to back their cause acquired accounts from sailors, captains, and anyone else willing to share who had been involved; 2 written sources   Alexander Falconbridge: An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa (1788)  John Newton: Thoughts Upon the African Slave Trade (1788) – also wrote “Amazing Grace”  Slave Memoirs: o Ottobah Cugoano/John Stuart o Olaudah Equiano (Gustavus Vassa)  controversy over his place of birth (S.C?)  Built horizontal network of allied organizations; held petition drives, boycotted sugar (especially West Indies Co.) realized need for visuals/imagery o Image of slave in chains and on his knees – “Am I not a man and a brother?” links freedom and religious conversion (creates image of white savior)  Slavery in the 1790s: o Opponents of Abolition  Duke of Clarence, later King William IV; Col. Banastre Tarleton – up against a strong parliament; backlash from Haitian revolution “maybe this is not such a good idea..”  Late 1790s – amazing work done by abolitionists at this point; Wilberforce in parliament antislavery got everything voted in o Mass shift in public opinion change in larger context; Britain had gone to war with France (abolished in Haiti in 1794); enemy parliament/ British patriotism  locked abolitionism into patriotism (anti-French cause – under Napoleon, French had reinstated slavery) o James Stephen – maritime lawyer and abolitionist legal brief  decided to deny protection of neutral (American) flags; said that slave trading is an act of piracy and allowed the navy to go after ALL vessels, even British vessels under the guise of the American flag carrying slaves cleverly caused about 80% of British slave business considered illegal (1804)  1806 – passed in parliament a real abolition bill (and there was no one left to fight it because slave trading had been gutted) o The abolitionists used wartime shipping measure to get parliament on the same page with public opinion  Anti-slavery movement begins after slave trade is finally abolished  Interpretations of Antislavery o Motivated by humanitarianism o Motivated by economics o Motivated by new ideologies linking prosperity, progress, and free labor


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