Theatre, Week 12, Shakespeare
Theatre, Week 12, Shakespeare TA 110
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Rouse on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to TA 110 at University of Kentucky taught by Professor Ritter in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see intro to theatre in Theatre at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
Week 12 Shakespeare in his own time Currently the most produced playwright “Greatest writer in English language” Wrote plays, not novels First commercial theatre scene Lived in Elizabethan and Jacobean period Prosperous time under Queen Elizabeth King James reigned after and maintained status Governments uphold and censured theatre First professional theatre scene: permanent theatre, competing 2000 plays out of 7 year period Before 1570’s, there were theatres, but traveled around, Built theatre in London 1570s by James Burbage calls it The Theatre More open in the next decades, The Curtain, The Rose, The Swan, The Globe Shakespeare was part owner of The Globe Associated also with Blackfriar, indoor space None of these buildings survived, all burned 1640’s Reconstructed Globe Theatre: open air theatre, partially covered, thrust stage In England, all male actors Part of theatre companies, 12 or fewer, shareholders Shakespeare was part of The Kings Men Fines if members of audience didn’t behave o Late to rehearsal owe shillet o Late to performance owe 3 shillets o Miss performance Is pound o Wore costume outside of theatre is years salary- 40 pounds because taking away from theatre Did plays in repertory and rotation, several plays rotating every few days Not much time to rehearse, multiple plays Have lines and cues on roll of paper, of just certain actors lines Not much effort to dress in historically accurate clothing, not aiming for realism, didn’t do too much to change scene, no full set Globe was well decorated serving as a backdrop Plays full of information on set vs. today, we can create sets that tell audience Props were there Shakespeare is part of world of practitioners Playwrights o Christopher Marlow- born same year as Shakespeare, big influence Died young, early success in bar fight Possible spy for British Government o Ben Johnsnon Younger than Shakespeare Thought of his work as art, not simply entertainment Manager o Philip Henslow Kept diary with records Operated rose theatre Actors o Edward Allen Famous actor, number of Marlow’s plays Exception to rule of not being admired Opened school for boys o Richard Burbage Shakespeare lead actor Successful career Respected by public Short Bio Not a ton of education Born in Stratford Working as an actor, then playwright Playwrights Body of work is impressive Successful in tragedy and comedy Wrote history plays Wrote 38 plays, borrowed material frequently Few are original: midsummer nights dream His spins were remarkable Language was remarkable Invented between 1700-3000 words “all that glitters is not gold”, “break the ice” First person to put them in writing Plays are firing on so many levels Incredible range of human emotion and experience Wrote characters not in cliché ways Sympathy for human difference Negative capability- when man is capable in being in uncertainties without fact or reason; suspension of judgment on characters You know playwrights opinions, but not Shakespeare, well rounded, ability to see in all perspectives Shakespeare in Our Time People have been producing plays for hundreds of years What happens after Shakespeare’s death? Gathered plays and published them together called First Folio 700 initial copies 200 survived Many theatres closed 1640’s 20 year break from theatre King Charles decides to build new theatres, but different in structure Smaller, indoor, put on Shakespeare’s plays Finally put women on stage 1662 18 , 19 century significant difference, precenium theaters much more about how big sets can be and impressive costume, cutting scripts, things cut and added Emphasis on star actors o Henry Irving First actor to be knighted in 1895, highest public decoration Really big deal in US Shared and popular standard You would expect to die out during revolution, since he was English playwright, but survived Edwin Booth- most famous American actor of period; brother assassinated Lincoln, and his acting career almost ended because of it Worked with Henry Irving, highly admired Change in way Shakespeare is being done in 20 century, all about how big and pretty plays could be, changed to plays need to be closer to originals Two distinct camps 1. Harley Granthold Barker o Full script, not cut, did not need full scenery o Concentrate on language o Fought against emphasis on star actors, ensemble of people who work well together o Not historically accurate 2. William Pole o Step further to do as they would have been originally done First idea was taken up by the Royal Shakespeare Company, o founded by Peter Hall o explore Shakespeare as contemporary playwright o Gave big new actors, Ian McKellen o Number of famous European actors come from Royal Shakespeare Company o Tell story in a compelling way Camp 2 o Reconstructed Globe same neighborhood where it originally stood o Stands in London o Came back due to Sam Wanamaker o Many people thought it was crazy to rebuild, not practical o Passed away before seeing the end result o Original Practice productions: all costume made as they would have been (all male actors, same dyes as was used o Don’t do all of their shows this way o Not perfect replica, but did what they could Many great Shakespeare theatres in US o Stratford Festival, Ontario Canada o Oregon, Alabama, Utah, Washington D.C. o Shakespeare in Central Park NYC
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