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Sociology 3315: Week Eight Notes

by: Brandi Juncewicz

Sociology 3315: Week Eight Notes Social 3315

Marketplace > Ohio State University > Sociology > Social 3315 > Sociology 3315 Week Eight Notes
Brandi Juncewicz
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

Week eight of notes. The numbers on the left indicate which slide order the notes go with. The actual slide information was not copied: this is his verbal lecture notes. It will go great if you wro...
Sociology of Terrorism
Edward Crenshaw
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terrorism, CIA, Criminal Justice, sociology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brandi Juncewicz on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Social 3315 at Ohio State University taught by Edward Crenshaw in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Terrorism in Sociology at Ohio State University.


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Date Created: 04/03/16
3/31/16 Islam Jihad 2. Wanted to emphasize the true belief; it is not enough to write the information down. You must understand the faith in its totality. There was no separation of church and state. But instead it was the exact oppositate as the church was the center of life.  ­ Absolute monotheism; began to look a lot like Christianity because of all of the idols,  icons and shrines. **Wahhab was a fundamentalist. Wahhab Islam is an internal movement and he never  Emphasized the term “jihad” as a means to spread the faith. ** Saying Wahhaby terrorism is a thing would be like saying Jesus endorsed the Crusades. This has become a bastardization of Wahhab’s true belief and teaching. 3. Saudi Arabia controls the Mecca which means they control the Haj and the profits from it. Because of this, and the oil profit, they are able to build and fund hundreds of Mosques. ­ Wahhaby Mosques come with strings attached: if we build your Mosque, you must keep Wahhaby fundamentals. Practicers detest this because this belief is extremely strict. 4.  Salafism predates Wahhabism. Unlike Wahhabism, Salafism focuses on the lesser Jihad as the “near” enemy as well as the “far” (West) enemy. ­ Wahhabism should not be used with such general and negative connotations; The sects out of Egypt are the terrorism sects (Salafy).  ­ Almost NO Wahhabies are terrorists and only sects of Salafies are terrorists, but not all. 5.  When Qut’b arrived in 1940 to the states, he was horrified with what he saw. ­ Most of the world has fallen away from truth (Islam) and needs to be be straightened back. ** Think of his claim as totalitarianistic view. The political body reforms everything for one  ideal.  ­ Qut’b was a radical Salafist. ­ He was using a 20th century political philosophy. Totalist: Using all political body for reform. ­ No matter where he went, Qut’b prompted rebellion. 6.  This claim all came from Egypt. It states that Islam doesn’t follow national borders, and it  shouldn’t. The Nation State cannot withstand this mindset. Another attempt of totalitarianism. 3/31/16 Islam Jihad 7.  The lesser Jihad should become the sixth pillar and the greater should be destroyed.  ­ i.e. No more individualization. Take Islam out of religion and make it a political necessity. **You need to take on the far enemy (West) because they are the ones funding these tyrannical dictators.  ­ This is welcomed because it takes focus away from Arab, Turkish, Islam, ect and focuses on the West. Which falls back to the age old Muslim v Christianity conflict. ** When the lose they have radical thoughts, but this is normal for anyone who believes they’re  Going to win. Muslims are NOT unique in this mindset and reaction base. War Against Radical Jihad 8.  Before and After WWI (1920’s) The modern middle east was a creation of the French and the British. 9. British helps Saudi Arabia because of the oil business. They wanted to work with a state instead of trying to conduct business with all of the numerous tribes. ­ Kuwat has immense amounts of oil and this is the only reason anyone has ever shown them interest.  10. Oil State: Government is reliant on the profit of their oil to be funded, almost explicitly. ­ Graph is only of the economy, the government is higher. ­ Saudi Arabi is lower because of the Haj. It would be higher but the Haj provides billions. 11. Theory that oil states are destined to be ruled under a dictatroship with little to no interest in the people.  ** When the price of oil (gas) stabilizes, so does the economy. With a spike of oil comes a dip, or tank, in the economy (in the 20th century). ** “No blood for oil” is a bullshit statement. We run on oil, all countries MUST protect our  economy! This is why presidents cannot ignore the middle east and our oil supply. ­ We may become less and less (slowly) dependent on oil. But the surplus has become incredibly  tight. **This is NOT “supplu and demand.” This is “surplus” and lack thereof.  3/31/16 War Against Radical Jihad 12. Not all oil states are Arabian and not all Arab states deal with oil. But oil does dominate the Islamic belt.  13./14. Human Ecology theory applies your basic biological energy/food chain to social systems. Key Function ­ What links this location to the greater population as well as providing              means for us and the “environment.” Which is Money.       ­ This will regulate the area, and what the environment looks like. ** If you know the KF of an industry in an area, you can figure out how the people live  their life in that area. ** Build an economy through differentiation and specialization. ­ Specialization becomes interdependent. You can do less for yourself because of this.  Creates a web of dependencies. ­ You cannot change one thing in an economy without affecting other. Isomorphism ­ When a niche is similar, the creatures will look alike. It will provide these  models because this type works well for this niche. ** By combining all of these factors constantly, you get a very complex social system. K ­ Key Function I ­ Interdependence  I ­ Isomorphism D ­ Differentiation D ­ Dominance 15.   Problem of oil industry ­ Under very hostile regimes and 3rd world countries. Capital Intensive ­ You have to have a ton of money to start. Fixed ­ You simply cannot move a tapped well. Global Market ­ Actually is global. Few Multipliers ­ Once tapped takes a small work force which means most profit goes to the     government.  3/31/16 War Against Radical Jihad 15. Dualistic ­ People who are with the oil company (very well off) and those who arent. Authoratarian ­ Does not ahve to listen to the people because the governement owns the money. Inequalities ­ Morals can go unchecked. Urbanization ­ Unhealthy: government loves urban locations because that is where the money is. Corruption ­ Now have to pay off the government if you want anything. War Machine ­ Creates a military to make sure they stay in control. Rational over spending on     People. “You” don’t need money or support from people to succeed ­ you have oil. Now you     need to create a safe guard against your opposition. *** Solution ­ Privatize the oil fields away from these governments and dictators. Spread                     the money around. *** 16. To fail against an archenemy is a HUGE dishonor. Very prevalent in this location /culture. ­ Pressure to become “modernized” which they feel actually means “westernized.” ­ “You don’t really need a country, you just need a city.” Which is why we shouldn’t rule out the possibility that we will revert back to City States in the future.


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