Japanese 50 Week 1 Notes
Japanese 50 Week 1 Notes JAPAN 50
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isabel Yin on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JAPAN 50 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Dr. Caleb Carter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 372 views.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
Japan50 Spring2016 INSTRUCTOR:ProfessorCarter 30 March 2016 4 big Island of Japan: Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Hokkaido Land bridges formed during Ice Age, no Japanese identity forming yet Topography of Japan ● Kitakyushu, Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya ○ Plains to cultivate crops ○ ⅔mountains not habitable, valleys and plains are where people live ○ Difficult to navigate and transportation during earlier time ○ Archipelago formed from volcanic activity - volatile to live, flooding in valleys, tsunamis, earthquakes and landslides ● Paleolithic ○ Hunting and gathering society: fishing, hunting, gathering berries that sustain small groups ○ Yokohama museum, fire stones to cook own food ○ 35,000 years ago = earliest human record in Japan ● Jomon period - longest period in Japanese history ○ Means “rope pattern” and refers to a style of clay pattern & ceramics ○ Dates 14,500 - 400 BCE ○ Hunter-gatherer societies with limited agriculture, easy access to water ○ Why are pots significant? Food and water storage, important technology, ritual and religious practices, cooking purposes ● Early middle Jomon Period 1 ○ Middle Jomon pots (2500 - 1500 BCE) fertility ritual to produce crops and offsprings more intricate designs ○ Large jars, Jomon vessels more detailed with figurines - viewed as dieties or beings ○ Incense burner and aromas are important ● Yayoi Period (900 BCE - 250 CE ○ Yayoi = a neighborhood of Tokyo ○ Iron, Bronze, Glass, cloth and wood ○ Wet rice agriculture - build terrance and landscapes that are further away from water sources leading to larger and more settlements ○ Spread from Kyushu, came from Korea ○ Societies: hierarchical societies and regional political units ○ Contact with Korean peninsula, appearance in Chinese records ○ “The land of Wa” wanokuni, and Himiko (female ruler of record) ○ Jar with human mask decorations - speculated for ritual burial ○ Bronze bell with flowing water pattern - warnings, warfare, rituals or with hunting scenes ● Reconstruction of Yoshinogari ○ Raised level, placed on hills, communities were aware of war, tower ○ Jewelries in the bodies and mirror placed in the tomb jar was to keep devils from possessing the body etc ○ Act as temporary housing - shamen world ○ Part of tributary systems to justify her sovereignty of her own ○ Linguistic roots came from Korean peninsula ○ Japanese times & Chinese Han Empire’s records of Japan ○ Chinese Kings of Kingdoms are part of Chinese Emperor ○ Chinese emperor’s Mandate of Heaven to rule the World ● Kofun - large mounded tombs ○ Mid-3rd to late 6th century ○ Influence of Korean burial methods ○ Society - Yamato court in the Kinai ○ Early stages of state formation 2 ○ Hereditary Kinship groups - distantly related groups trace back with hereditary groups ○ Groups of craftsmen called “be” ○ Kings will not appear until later years of Tomb periods ○ Power distributed through elite families ○ No imperial lineage forming yet, more fabricated towards 9th century ○ Daisen Mound (Emperor Nintoku’s tomb?) ○ Ceremonial big projects - 3D model of Daisen Mound ○ Shows the importance of the emperor to place such big tomb mounds within the center of civilization and use up such massive area of plains that were precious in terms of vegetation 3
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