New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Mus. 139: Opera

by: Liliana Calderon

Mus. 139: Opera MUS 139

Liliana Calderon
GPA 4.33

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

covers the evolution of opera all throughout the world, and changes that persist today. Includes some of the greatest operas known today, their importance and significance in the musical world, as ...
Music Appreciation
Paula Corbin Swalin
Class Notes
Music Appreciation 139
25 ?




Popular in Music Appreciation

Popular in Music

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Liliana Calderon on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 139 at University of New Mexico taught by Paula Corbin Swalin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Music Appreciation in Music at University of New Mexico.


Reviews for Mus. 139: Opera


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/03/16
MISSY MAZZOLI: – Eclectic style: Combination of acoustic and electronic elements Traditional and non-traditional musical sounds • Voice – Minimalism – Changing the concept of “classical” music • “Cathedral City” – Written for Mazzoli’s ensemble “Victoire” • Keyboards, electronics, violin, clarinet, voice JENNIFER HIGDON Self-taught flute player; winner of Pulitzer prize “Amazing Grace” - Commissioned by the Sky Quartet • Arrangement of the traditional hymn originally for choir • Starts simply with original melody and counter melody • Homophonic/Polyphonic development • Accelerando to faster tempo OPERA Opera: A combination of poetry, dance, music, and visual art (scenery and costumes) -LIBRETTO: The text of an opera 1. Overture: orchestral piece at the beginning of opera, that will introduce themes of the opera 2. Aria: a lyrical songlike composition from an opera for a solo singer. Accompanied by full orchestra; similar to a monologue, does not move plot forward 3. Recitative: speech like singing style accompanied by basso continuo; moves the plot forward Would often be connected to Greco-Roman themes and mythical stories. England: HENRY PURCELL (1659-1695) -Most talented English composer of late 17th century -Opera---Dido and Aeneas Based on part of the Roman epic poem, the Aeneid by Virgil – libretto by Nahum Tate. • Tells story of love affair between Dido, the Queen of Carthage, and Aeneas, a mythical Trojan warrior. Aeneas abandons Dido, and she commits suicide -famous Aria, Dido’s Lament has Ostinato  How opera began in France: Court of Versailles demanded elaborate performances and king Louis loved to dance  Rameau makes many operas for the king -Opera ballet -Tragedie en music -Comedie lyrique -Pastorale Heroїque Les Indes Gallants (1735) Composed by Jean-Phillippe Rameau and premiered in 1735 Libretto incorporated exotic elements Opera-Ballet (Ballet-Heroïque) Prologue and four acts (entrées) Fourth entrées entitled Les Sauvages (The Savages) Set in Illinois, USA; Two characters compete for the affection of the daughter of a native chief THE CASTRATI: The Baroque era required singers to be virtuous, just like musicians, thus faster, higher notes were demanded CASTRATI: young boys from the church that were good singers that were castrated before puberty to achieve these expectations. If successful, they could do Coloratura – a lot of notes sung in a fast Tempo Opera in the Classical Era – Comic Opera Middle-class audiences were tiring of boring, mythological libretti that praised and aggrandized the monarchy Short, comic operas were played in front of the curtain between the acts of serious operas Intermezzo Italy - Opera Buffa – Italian comic opera France - Opéra Comique – French comic opera Germany – Singspiel – German comic opera with spoken dialogue All feature simpler music, down-to-earth characters, and amusing plots. Mozart’s Le Nozze di Figaro (The Marriage of Figaro) Based on a banned play by Beaumarchais The narrative included a triumph of servants over nobility and the humbling of a count The story appealed to the middle class but threatened the nobility The libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte had to be approved by Emperor Joseph II Premiered in 1786 Featured a “pants role” Woman dressed as a man, singing in a woman’s range One of the most frequently performed operas today Mozart’s Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute) Premiered in 1791 at the Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden Not a formal opera house Composed in German, not Italian Incredibly successful! Over 100 performances “Habanera” from Carmen by Georges Bizet Libretto was written by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy -Premiered in 1875 and was not well-received -Premiere was delayed due to many factors including a search for the right leading lady -Exotic setting, sexual content arealism : A reaction to Romanticism where artists and composers depicted the true aspects (good and bad) of real life in their works. Death, adultery, low morals, murder, illness and other uncomfortable topics are explored instead of ignored. Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) (Italian) Memorable melodies Patriotic, nationalistic works Patriotic and political Viva Vittorio Emanuele Re D'Italia (Viva Verdi) RICHARD WAGNER (GERMAN) Rude and complicated man that would flee his country to escape his debts made opera his main compositional focus He called it “Music Drama” Gesamptkunstwerk: meaning "total art work" or "ideal art work". Wagner was “auteur” with total control over his productions -used Leitmotifs: recurring musical phrase that represents a person, emotion, situation or thing  Example of this is his Ring Cycle  (Flight of the Valkyries)


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.