Main Ideas of Handouts for Week 1/ Week 2
Main Ideas of Handouts for Week 1/ Week 2 ETST 004
Popular in Introduction to Chicano History
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anastassia Erudaitius on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ETST 004 at University of California Riverside taught by Dr. Lopez in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 127 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Chicano History in Culture at University of California Riverside.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
ETST 4 – Chicano History Handout: “Origins of Contact” – Week 1 Introduction - The paper discusses the internal colonialism model which addresses the differences between colonized minorities and immigrant minorities, and those groups in between Main ideas Colonized minority – involuntarily introduced to a new society, or conquered o Afro-Americans, Mexican-Americans, and Native Americans Immigrant minority – voluntarily introduced to a new society, entered willingly U.S. differs from other colonies because of the rapid speed at which it became independent, and at which white Europeans became the majority Argument that blacks don’t fit the internal colonialism model because they were enslaved and introduced to a new land, not enslaved on their own land o Yet Blauner argues that is irrelevant because they were still enslaved and forced into subordination Ethnic/racial groups, once colonized, are: o Forced to take part in a different culture o Forced into labor o Restricted socially, and from politics o Isolated in lesser-developed areas o Lacking opportunity o Forced into a caste-like system Initial introduction of Chicanos to America was involuntary Experiences of Afro-Americans, Chicanos, and Native Americans are drastically different from those of other ethnic immigrants who voluntarily chose to enter America o Because they chose to immigrate they have different experiences o Immigrants have never experienced such subordination as plantations or Indian reservations (complete social control), slavery, attack of their families or religion, restriction to jobs o More prejudice towards colonized minority than immigrant minority o Immigrants do not experience the same disadvantages as colonized minorities o Immigrants have a different relationship with the dominant society Asian-Americans and Puerto Ricans fall in between colonized minorities and immigrant minorities because they were both forced to American and voluntarily immigrated Conclusion/Summary - All racial groups in America have a relationship with society that is based on their historical entry into America (voluntary or forced, or both) Briefly go over simple ways to remember the material that you just presented the reader with (and recap everything) ETST 4 – Chicano History Handout: Una Perspectiva Chicana – Week 1 Introduction -The paper discusses different theories of race and ethnicity, which can be applied to Chicanos and other ethnic/racial groups because of the similarities experienced by subordinated communities. Main ideas Assimilationist Model o Assumes that people of color voluntarily immigrated to America o Challenged in late 1960s – people of color were then compared to Third World peoples colonized by European countries o Yet assimilationist model/assumptions are still accepted today, and often present in mainstream social science o Associated with family structure deviating from what was considered normal (the Anglo American family structure) Mexican-American family seen as patriarchal African-American family seen as matriarchal and consumed with poverty o Assumptions of the Assimilationist model: American society consists of many different ethnic groups that are organized into a “melting pot” of diverse interests, and that individuals joined this society willingly Immigrants are often from underdeveloped countries, and impoverished regions and therefore cannot compete well in American society, but are better off in America than in their original country After assimilation into American society immigrants are better off, and not as disadvantaged as when they arrived After assimilation into American society immigrants are treated as equals in terms of education and eventually adopt American values and reject their own original values If American values are not adopted by immigrants then the immigrants refuse or failed to assimilate despite equal opportunities o Criticism of the Assimilationist model: It blames people of color for their own oppression o Anglo-conformity version Immigrants adopt values and language of new society o Melting Pot version Assumes everyone is equal, no group is dominant The society is comprised of all diverse cultures equally o Cultural Pluralism version No dominant group, and cultural groups remain distinct and unaffected, while receiving the benefits of equality Internal Colonialist Model o Challenged by Marxist model in 1970s o Criticized because it did not address capitalism (considered the main cause of inequality and racism) o Compares experiences of colored peoples in the U.S. to those of Third World countries o Accepts that introduction of various races was forced and involuntary o Assumptions of this model: Some groups oppressed by others, who benefit from that oppression Forced introduction of ethnic groups in large quantities Some groups came from less developed countries, while other come from more advanced countries/ civilizations People of color enter and remain at bottom of socioeconomic latter through oppression Colonized people work for less, and provide America with labor force Oppression is economic, political, social, and cultural Some groups have not assimilated into American culture Those who assimilate into American culture have better opportunities, the more that they compare to American culture and reject their own Marxist Model o Capitalism results in racial exploitation o Assumptions: Capitalism is oppressive and minorities are exploited in America Exploitation of racial groups is economic, rather than cultural/racial Racism will always exist in a capitalist society Exploitation also occurs within racial groups, not just among them Racism is caused by the relationship between capitalists (as oppressors) and proletariat (as oppressed) Conclusion/Summary - Some ideas of each model overlap - Assimilationist and colonial models both address cultural control o However, assimilationist views it as positive o Colonial model views it as negative - Assimilation encourages one to justify a group’s subordination - Marxist model and Assimilationist model claim that individuals become assimilated into the economy eventually - Marxism blames capitalism for racism, while colonialism blames racism for capitalism